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TUi  A/yim,  Tlx-  RttvHTA  Tim  TntHirwi,  Ttwi  ► 


Computers  & 



Newspaper  I 

Group  I 


Octobers,  1996 

Byte  by  byte, 
a  San 
group  is 
to  archive 
the  ever- 




hoping  to  create  a 

archive  Web  pages 
that  are  no  longer  in 
UM,  such  as  the  Phil 
Ortmm  for  President 
home  page  at  right, 
for  future  reference 
by  students  and 

"We're  creating  a  backup  of  the  Net, 

a  library  of  everybody's  notes, 

a  big  repository  to  help  people  ask 

questions  of  what  has  gone  on." 

-  Brewster  Kahie 


Portions  of  the  Internet  are 
disappearing  before  our 
very  eyes. 
As  qulcl<iy  as  Informa- 
tion Is  added,  pieces  are 
eliminated  World  Wide  Web  pages 
and  newsgroups  appear,  then  a{| 
modified  or  deleted  altogether. 

Enter  Brewster  Kahle.  a  wide-eyed 
entrepreneur  from  tlie  Massachusetts 
Institute  of  Technology  with  an  ambi- 
tious goal:  to  archive  the  entirety  of 
the  Internet.  He  Is  Intent  on  capturing 
the  Inlernefs  early  days  —  and  many 
days  thereafter  —  for  posterity  And 
eventually  for  profit 

Kahle  imagines  the  database, 
which  ultimately  could  dwarf  the  Li- 
brary of  Congress,  will  be  of  use  to 
students,  scholars,  historians  —  and 
for  ends  he  readily  admits  he  hasn't 
quite  figured  out  The  only  thing  he  Is 
certain  of  Is  that  an  essenUal  piece  of 
digital  history  is  slipping  away. 

"When  something  On  the  Net  dis- 
appears. It's  gone.  When  a  first- 

generation  Web  page  Is  gone.  It's 
gone  Gone.  gone.  gone. "  Kahle  said. 
We  re  creating  a  backup  of  the  Net.  a 
library  of  everbody's  notes,  a  big  re- 
pository to  help  people  ask  questions 
of  what  has  gone  on." 

The  Internet  Archive  may  eventu- 
ally hold  as  much  data  as  the  Library 
of  Congress,  but  It  certainly  won't 
take  up  as  much  space,  por  the  time 
being,  the  data  will  not  even  fUl  a  coat 
room  In  the  two-story  white  Victorian 
In  San  Francisco's  Presidio  that  the 
Internet  Archives  calls  home. 

tapes  no  larger  than  video  cassettes. 
One  tape  holds  between  35  and  70  gl- 
glbvtes  ol  UiformaUon.  700  times 
more  than  a  standard  Zip  drive  used 
to  back  up  the  hard  drive  of  a  per- 
sonal computer  A  waist  high.  3-foQl    • 
wide  "tape  robot"  holds  50  tapes  that   ; 
can  record  roughly  two  terabytes  of     ,  ■ 
Information,  one-tenth  the  text 
volume  of  the  Library  of  Congress. 

Space  concerns  are  far  from  [ 

Kahle's  biggest  challenge,  however.      ; 
The  major  hurdles  —  very  basic  ones    , 
that  the  Internet  Archives  has  yet  to 
overcome  —  are  how  exacUy  to  collect 
the  data,  and  how  to  store  It  in  such  a 
way  thai  It  Is  readily  accessible. 

They  must  also  determine  how 
often  they  will  have  to  comb  the  In- 
ternet. A  1992  University  of  Colorado 
study  found  that  the  average  Web 
page  changes  every  44  days.  Prelimi- 
nary    research     by    the     Internet 

Please  see  I 


History:  Group  compiling  record  of  Internet's  early  years 

Continued  from  D  1 

Archive  showrd  (ha(  wllhin  a  inoiilh. 
one  fourth  o(  the  Ima^rs  on  the  hi- 
teriiet  chan^d. 

"It's  like  calling  all  your  friends, 
asking  what  books  lliey  have,  lior- 
rowing  them,  copying  Ihem  and  (lien 
giving  (hem  bark."  said  Z  Smith,  dl- 
rector  of  engineering  for  llic  Archive, 
describing  the  breadth  of  Ihe  task 

Then  the  challenge  Is  (o  work  this 
so 'that  everyone  can  get  what  thoy 
want,  when  they  want  It,"  Smilli 
aJUcd  "Can  you  Imagine  what  you 
h«V(  lo  do  when  a  million  people  all 
wan\  access  to  a  dead  file?" 

"jkahle  Intends  the  archive  lo  Include 
fMjjt-, public  Internet  protocols:  the 
wftV  Gopher,  FTP  and  Netnews  He 
OgStts  (hey  presenUy  account  for  10 
terabytes  of  data 

For  DOW.  Kahle  Is  relying  on  dona- 
tions of  data  to  lay  Ihe  foundation  for 
hl#  -e-Uionth-old  endeavor  For  In- 
stance, the  search  engine  Open  Text 
has  (^ijtrlbuled  Its  own  snapshots  of 
the  Web  from  July  and  August  of  1996. 

Ihe  archive  has  riTclvcd  CUKOMs 
thai  contain  llsenci  poslliigs  Ironi 
1992  and  pan  of  199:)  and  Ihcrc  are 
plans  to  gel  similar  posllngs  from  19H0 
lo  1990  Kahle  Is  working  wllh  Ihe  San 
Diego  Sui)ercoinpnlor  Center  lo  record 
seven  terabytes  of  historical  data  Ironi 
the  File  Transler  Protocol 

The  Web  Is  the  faslcsl  growing  piece 
and  one  Ihal  the  Inlernel  Archives  In- 
(ends  lo  capture  on  lis  own.  II  Is  devel- 
oping a  crawler,  much  like  those  used 
by  search  engines  such  as  Alia  VIsla.  lo 
comb  Ihe  Web  and  delect  and  record 
changes  lo  pages. 

One  practical  use  for  Ihe  archive  Is 
already  under  way  Kahle  Is  working 
with  the  Smilhsonlans  National  Mu- 
seum of  American  History  to  preserve 
Web  pages  relating  lo  the  1996  presi- 
dential election  The  pages  already  on 
display  Include  some  thai  have  been 
deleted  from  Ihe  Web,  such  as  Ihe  Iowa 
Caucus  home  page, 

Harry  Rulienslcin,  a  specialist  In  po 
llUcal  history  al  Ihe  National  Museum 
of  American  History,  said  ihe  archive  Is 
signincani  because  It  will  capture  the 

liilaiK  y  (il  Ihe  Web  Hi-  i  .lulloncd,  how 
ever,  ihal  II  could  turn  oul  the  Web 
docs  not  live  up  lo  expectations  as  Ihe 
Inlernel  medium  of  Ihe  future, 

"Ms  sorl  of  a  gamble,"  Rubensleln 
said.  "Ms  a  great  project  and  I  ni  glad 
somebody  Is  doing  II.  Bui  how  II  all 
lurns  oul  we  woni  know  for  another 
decade  ■ 

Given  their  own  histories.  Kahle  and 
engineer  Smith  may  be  up  lo  Ihe  chal- 
lenge and  entrepreneurial  uncertainty 
Kahle  was  Ihe  creator  of  WAIS.  or  Wide 
Area  Information  Servers,  one  ol  Ihe 
breakthrough  search  engines  ol  Ihe  In- 
ternet WAIS  Is  used  lo  search  large  da- 
tabases and  was  widelv  used  before  Ihe 
adveni  of  Ihe  World  Wide  Web. 

America  Online  paid  S15  million  In 
cash  lor  WAIS  last  year,  a  chunk  ol 
which  went  lo  Kahle  He  has  Invested 
S400.000  of  his  earnings  In  Ihe  In- 
lernel Archive,  and  thus  far  Is  the  or- 
ganl^atlons  sole  source  of  financial 

Smith  came  from  Xerox  Palo  Alto 
Research  Center,  where  he  was  an  en- 

gineer fhere.  he  hel|M-d  develop  the 
llrsi  desktop  fax/scanner/copler  from 
discarded  parts. 

Joining  Kahle  In  founding  Inlernel 
Archive  Is  Bruce  Gllllal.  Ihe  former 
business  manager  from  WAIS  Gllllal 
was  credited  with  helping  turn  Kahle  s 
Ideas  Into  tangible,  prolllable  concepts 

Smith  and  Kahle  have  a  history  to- 
gether as  well  The  were  colleagues  In 
the  early  1980s  al  MIT  They  met  as 
fellow  members  of  the  staff  of  Link,  a 
sludenl  newspaper  beni  on  undoing 
Ihe  Reagan-era  military  Industrial  com- 
plex and  finding  more  productive  uses 
lor  Ihe  technology 

Smith  said  the  35  year-old  Kahle 
seeks  lo  be  wacky  and  to  have  fun  at 
all  times  "When  one  sees  Brewsler. 
one  Is  reminded  Ihal  human  evolution 
Is  the  process  of  making  childhood  last 
longer  and  longer."  Smilh  said 

One  IndlcaUon  of  Kahle  s  style  Is  his 
taste  In  ofllces  Thinking  Machines,  a 
multimillion-dollar  supercomputer 
business  he  helped  found  after  gradu 
allng  from  MIT.  was  housed  In  a  Vlclo- 
rlan   house.   So   was  WAIS  In   Menio 

Park,  and  Inlernel  Archives  la  Ihe  Pre- 

"II  sets  a  lone  Uial  we  re  a  family." 
said  Kahle. 

lllllmalely.  Kahle  ex()ecls  Inlernel 
Archive  lo  turn  a  profll.  and  polenllally 
a  big  one  lleres  how  He  thinks 
people  may  pay  for  access  lo  records, 
and  he  also  llilnks  corporations  will 
pay  for  technology  Ihal  helps  Uiem 
create  Iheir  own  backup  systems  of 
(heir  dala. 

For  Ihe  lime  being,  he's  happy  (o  ( 
creale  a  history  of  Ihe  early  Internet  be- ' 
fore  II  disappears  So  what  does  he 
think  Ihe  historians  will  find  when  they 
examine  these  ephemeral  pages? 

"This  period  ol  the  Web  Is  encom- 
passing peoples  dreams  of  a  new  tech- 
nology." he  said  "We  see  Ideas  of  a 
better  life,  (houglils  like,  my  book  will 
finally  gel  published  on  Ihe  Nel  or  1 
may  finally  gel  enough  allenllon  lo  gel 

Then  II  will  move  Into  a  mature 
phase  and  find  Us  niche,  he  added. 
Bul  by  then  this  will  be  Ihe  early 
Web  and  we  don  1  want  lo  lose  11 " 

Digitized  by  tlie  Internet  Arciiive 
in  2013 


Slate 1 5/Concept.a.s 

^Vittual.  Vineyards  feeds  the  body  < 

mi  V 

'y,lil  V,,.|„J 

e(a«v^ -I- 





The  Art  of  Losing 

Why  forgetting  everything  that 
ever  appeared  on  the  Web 
wouldn't  be  a  disaster. 


(J.323  words;  posted  Monday,  July  15;  to  be 

composted  Tuesday,  July  23) 

No  writer  has  captured  the  strangeness  and 
melancholy  of  life  on  the  Internet  better 
than  Jorge  Luis  Borges.  In  stories  written 
decades  before  the  Net  was  conceivable,  he 
wrote  of  a  book  that  contained  all  possible 
outcomes  of  any  action  ("The  Garden  of 
Forking  Paths"),  a  library  that  contains  all 
possible  books  ("The  Library  at  Babel"),  a 
man  who  cannot  forget  a  single  thing  he's 
ever  seen  or  heard  ("Funes  the 
Memorious"),  a  map  so  accurate  that  it 
completely  covers  the  kingdom  it  describes 
("Of  Exactitude  in  Science"),  and  a  country 
where  there  is  no  plagiarism,  because  all 
books  are  considered  the  work  of  a  single 
author,  who  is  everyone  ("Tlon,  Uqbar, 
Orbis  Tertius").  In  all  these  works,  along 
with  the  philosophical  ingenuity  and  wit  is 
an  almost  suffocating  sense  of  being 
trapped  under  glass  in  an  intellectual 
hothouse  with  no  way  out  into  the  sun. 
Funes  dies  at  19,  seemingly  as  old  as  a 
pyramid.  The  librarians  of  Babel  have  their 
ranks  thinned  by  illness  and  suicide. 


mn/Qf,  M-m  PV1 

Slate 1 5/Concept 

ranks  thinned  by  illness  and  suicide. 

Brewster  Kahle  has  been  reading  Borges  of  late, 
which  is  appropriate,  because  last  March,  Kahle 
started  a  project  that  could,  if  taken  to  its  logical 
extreme,  maJce  the  world  a  more  Borgesian  place. 
Kahle  heads  a  nonprofit  organization  called  the 
Internet  Archive.  Its  mission:  to  preserve  every  last 
bit  ever  posted  on  the  World  Wide  Web,  in  Internet 
newsgroups,  or  made  available  through  gophers.  "A 
copy  of  every  bit  will  be  maintained  by  a  charitable 
trust,  fimded  to  a  level  that  assures  that  the  bits  will 
never  die,"  he  says.  "Which  means  that  every  10 
years  or  so  we'll  have  to  translate  it  all  into  a  new 
format,  to  preserve  it  in  accessible  form."  Doing  so, 
he  says,  is  surprisingly  practical  and  cheap.  The 
entire  Internet,  all  its  text  and  video  and  audio, 
takes  up  from  one  to  10  terabytes  of  code.  (A 
terabyte  is  a  million  megabytes,  which  would  fit  on 
2,000  500  MB  hard  drives.)  That  means  even  the 
biggest  estimates  on  the  size  of  the  Net  make  it 
equivalent  to  10  large  Blockbuster  franchises. 

If  someone  doesn't  preserve  the  Internet,  Kahle 
says,  it  will  be  lost  to  posterity  forever:  "There 
needs  to  be  an  accumulation  for  future  historians." 
Right  now  he's  working  with  the  Smithsonian  on  a 
project  to  preserve  election-related  Web  pages,  so 
that  they  can  take  their  rightful  place  among  the 
memorabilia  of  the  1996  race  in  the  museum's 
exhibit  this  winter. 

The  thought  of  capturing  all  this  useful  information 
for  future  scholars  is  appealing,  at  least  at  first 
glance.  The  ancient  Romans  didn't  care  what  kind 
of  graffiti  people  scratched  into  the  walls  of  the 
red-light  district,  but  those  scratchings  ("Sabinus 
was  here  with  Primagenia")  are  now  part  of  the 
scholarly  Corpus  Inscriptionum  Latinarum.  But 
with  Borges  in  mind,  I  can't  really  wish  Kahle  good 
luck  and  baud  speed. 

c|2(g 1 5/Concept. 

My  problem  is  not  with  posterity,  which  is 
welcome  to  as  many  teen-agers'  Web  sites  as  it 
wants  ("I  now  have  a  band!!!  They  are  really 
good  and  I  am  very  happy!"  is  what  I  read  on  one 
just  the  other  day).  The  problem  is  that  an  Internet 
archive  will  be  available  not  just  to  our  distant 
descendants  but  to  us,  and  if  we're  not  careful,  we'll 
use  it.  Think  about  it:  The  most  embarrassing 
e-mail  you  ever  wrote,  available  to  anyone  curious 
enough  to  go  looking.  You  want  to  write  a  song  full 
of  ingenious  rhymes  for  "orange"?  A  click  can  tell 
you  it's  been  done  1 1  times  already.  Your  boss 
wants  to  know  if  you  called  the  client  exactly  at  10 
last  Tuesday.  Prefer  not  to  remember?  Too  bad,  it 
can  be  checked. 

Personally,  all  this  stuff  would  drive  me  crazy.  "Me 
too,"  replies  Nathan  Myhrvold,  a  Microsoft 
executive  who  lately  has  been  championing  the  idea 
of  an  archive.  "But  I  suspect  we're  going  to  have  to 
get  used  to  it-the  trend  is  all  but  inevitable."  "It 
scares  me  too,"  says  Kahle.  "One  of  the  nice  things 
about  humans  is  that  we  die.  We  don't  have  our 
grandparents  hanging  around  over  oiir  shoulders. 
Every  so  often  you  go  through  and  bum  the 
libraries,  just  to  rid  yourself  of  the  past  so  you  can 
go  forward."  Many  a  physicist,  chemist,  and 
biologist  over  the  past  three  centuries  has  wished 
that  Aristotle's  precious  works  on  science  had  been 
preserved  a  little  less  well,  because  whatever 
Aristotle  got  wrong  about  planets  and  plants, 
motions  and  animals  had  to  be  cleared  away  by 
U-emendous  and  sometimes  dangerous  effort.  Undue 
reverence  of  Aristotle  ruined  Galileo's  career  and 
nearly  cost  him  his  life.  In  China,  imperial  officials 
were  trained  to  pass  rigorous  exams  in  the 
Confucian  classics;  as  a  consequence,  they  looked 
down  on  trade,  practical  work,  and  foreigners.  The 
outcome  was  not  good. 

It  wasn't  just  that  Aristotle  or  Confucius  were  out 
of  date  at  this  point  or  that.  The  sheer  volume  of 
work  preserved  in  Hbraries  made  people  hold 
what  the  17th-century  English  poet  and  botanist 
Abraham  Cowley  called  the  "pernicious  opinion" 
that  "all  things  to  be  searched  in  nature  had  already 
been  found  and  discovered  by  the  ancients."  (His 
contemporary  Henry  Power  wrote:  "Me-thinks  I  see 
how  all  the  old  rubbish  must  be  thrown  away." ) 

The  ill-effects  of  perfect  records  are  already  upon 
us.  Take  the  Brady  Bunch  movies.  Audio  and  video 
archives  make  all  the  bad  songs  and  TV  shows  and 
outfits  of  the  last  three  decades  available,  and  so 
pop  culture  in  the  '90s  is  an  uneasy  mix  of  ironic 
quotation  and  frank  nostalgia  for  stuff  whose  only 
merit  is,  hey,  I  watched  that  show  when  I  was  a  kid. 
Teen-agers  dressed  like  hippies  from  a  time  before 
they  were  bom  can  sit  before  a  TV  whose  ads  and 
programs  are  full  of  references  to  old  TV  shows, 
and  see  a  clip  about  the  making  of  a  movie  version 
of  The  Flintstones  (itself  a  lousy  copy  of  The 

If  culture  seems  too  remote  a  thing  to  worry  about, 
consider  the  prospect  in  personal  terms.  I  was  once 
in  a  relationship  in  which  two  or  even  three  e-mails 
a  day  weren't  out  of  the  ordinary.  It  was  the 
best-documented  liaison  I  was  ever  in,  and  the 
fights  in  it  were  the  worst  I've  ever  experienced. 
This  is  Jiot  a  coincidence.  With  all  that 
documentation  establishing  who'd  done  and  said 
what,  we  had  no  freedom  to  reinvent  the  past 
according  to  the  emotions  of  the  present.  We  had  no 
wiggle  room.  Exhausted,  we  broke  up. 

4  of  5 

7/28/96  12:02  PV 

You  might  reply  that  much  of  human  endeavor 
throughout  history  has  been  the  struggle  to 
preserve  the  past  from  the  all-destroying  fire  of 
time.  But  what  makes  a  vibrant  culture  or  inner  life 
possible  is  the  fact  that  neither  the  past  nor  the  fire 
ever  completely  triumphs.  As  Tom  Stoppard  puts  it 
in  Arcadia,  a  play  that  meditates  beautifully  on  the 
counterpoint  of  saving  and  losing,  "It's  wanting  to 
know  that  makes  us  matter.  If  the  answers  are  in  the 
back  of  the  book  I  can  wait,  but  what  a  drag." 
Another  character,  a  chaos  theorist,  chimes  in:  "It's 
the  best  possible  time  to  be  alive,  when  almost 
everything  you  thought  you  knew  is  wrong." 

"I  think  that  we  will  learn  ways  to  forget 
information,  even  if  it's  in  digitally  accessible 
form,"  says  Kahle,  reassuringly.  "When  we  went 
from  an  oral  culture  to  writing,  people  complained 
that  people  wouldn't  remember  as  well  and  wouldn't 
speak  as  well,  because  they'd  have  writing  as  a 
crutch.  And  then  when  printing  superseded  writing, 
people  worried  about  being  inundated  with  trash. 
We're  in  the  middle  of  one  of  these  transitions." 

Sensible  enough.  And  in  that  coming  debate,  I 
know  where  I  stand:  In  the  party  of  forgetfulness.  I 
don't  want  to  live  in  a  museum.  As  we're 
encouraged  to  exult  over  the  vast  new  volumes  of 
information  that  are  becoming  easier  and  easier  to 
capture,  remember  that  the  art  of  losing  is  also 
important  to  master. 

■  Links 

pjT  Reflect  on  Borges'  visions  of  a  fully  archived 
world  at  The  Garden  of  Forking  Paths,  a  site 
devoted  to  the  writer.  Or  learn  more  about  Kahle's 
potentially  Borgesian  project  at  the  Internet 
Archive.  (If  the  project  succeeds,  every  teen-ager's 
Web  site  will  be  available  for  all  eternity.  Reflect 
on  that  at  "NeWen  Home  Page.") 

David  Berreby  writes  about  science  and  culture  for 
the  New  York  Times  Magazine,  Lingua  Franca,  the 
Sciences,  and  the  New  Republic. 

Illustration  by  Horacio  Cardo 
Previous  High  Concept  columns 

©  1996  Microsoft  and/or  its  suppliers.  All  rights  reserved. 

5  of  5 

7/28/96  12:02  PM 

rTT^nrR2.V  1996 



In  California,  Creating  a  Weh  of  the  Past 

Is  Trying  to  Record 
Internet's  Evolution 

By  Rnjiv  Chandrasekaran 

S  \N  FRANCISCO  — Brewster 
Kahle  ihinJvs  the  bitemet  is  histor,'. 

Three  months  npo.  the  J5-vear- 
oKl  comp'jter  scientist  and  miUion- 
aire  entrepreneur  embarked  on  an 
.imbitjous  project  to  record  what's 
happerung  in  cyberspace  before  the 
elecuonic  record  is  lost.  He  hired  a 
few  assistants,  bought  a  bunch  of 
massive  data-collection  devices  and 
programmed  several  computers  to 
aurf — and  save — everything  they 
could  Qnd  on  the  global  computer 

By  the  end  of  the  year  Kahle 
hopes  to  have  an  unprecedented  per- 
manent record  of  all  publicly  accessi- 
ble data  on  the  fast-growing,  ever- 
changing  Internet,  whether  it's 
neighborhood  home  pages  on  the 
trraphically  oriented  World  Wide 
Web  or  foreign-language  "news- 
j-roup"  postings  about  Aincan  cul- 
ture. His  giganuc  archive,  industry 

"There 's  a  real 
value  in  our 
early  Internet 
history.  ...We 
need  to  preserve 
our  digital 

heritage. " 

experts  said,  could  be  a  treasure 
trove  to  scholars  and  analysts. 

"There's  a  real  value  m  our  early 
Internet  history,  which  is  beuig  creat- 
ed now,"  said  KahJe,  whose  endeavor 
is  called  the  internet  Archives.  "No- 
body has  taken  this  idea  very  senous- 
ly  until  now,  but  we  need  to  preserve 
our  digital  heritage." 

Located  in  a  histonc  Spanish-style 
building  overlooking  the  Golden  Gate 
Bndge  in  this  city's  recently  decom- 
missioned Presidio  Army  base,  the  ar- 

»» tTtVt  C«TVLO  f  0«  tX  < 

chrve  looks  more  like  a  gntty  start-up 
software  company  than  a  repository 
of  the  world's  digital  history. 

High-speed  computers  and  robot- 
dnven  tape  dnves  that  each  can  hold 
2  terabytes,  which  translates  into  2 
million  megabytes  of  data,  sit  on  mis- 
matched office  furniture. 

So  far  the  archive  has  collected  al- 
most half  a  terabyte — half  a  trillion 
characters — of  data.  Kahle  estimates 
the  entire  Internet  contains  from  2 
terabytes  to  10  terabytes.  A  typical 

—  Brewster  Kalik 

public  library  with  300.000  books,  bv 
comparison,  has  about  3  terabytes  oi 

Belying  the  perception  of  the  Inter- 
net as  a  linutless  cistern  of  informa- 
tion. Kahle  and  others  said  that  reams 
of  data  on  the  network  are  changed  or 
deleted  every  day,  often  to  make 
room  for  new  matenal.  Most  news- 
group postings,  for  example,  vanish 
after  about  a  week.  On  the  Web,  site;, 
appear  and  disappear  with  the  speed 
See  INTERNET.  B14,CoL  I 

A  Year  in  the  Life  of  the  Internet 


vl  fashion  trends.  Some  Web  pages 
are  revised  every  few  months  to  add 
ever-fancier  graphics,  sounds  and  vid- 
eo clips,  with  littJe  record  kept  of  the 
previous,  more  primitive  incarna- 

A  University  of  Colorado  study 
published  in  1992,  when  content  on 
the  Internet  was  far  less  dynamic, 
found  that  the  average  life  of  a  docu- 
-  ment  on  the  network  was  only  44 
days.  "Today  those  lifetimes  are  un- 
doubtedly getting  smaJler  and  small- 
er." said  the  study's  author,  Michael 
F.  Schwartz,  an  associate  professor  of 
computer  science  at  the  uiuversity. 

While  Kahle  acknowledges  that  he 
won't  be  able  to  keep  up  with  every 
change,  he  hopes  to  establish  a  snap- 
shot of  what  the  Internet  looks  like  at 
the  end  of  this  year  that  then  wilJ  be 
updated  as  fast  as  his  computers  can 
do  their  \acuum  cleaning,  likely  every 
lew  months. 

"When  do  different  ethnic  groups 
or  special  interests  or  certain  busi- 
nesses become  a  presence  on  the 
Netr  said  KahJe.  35,  a  founder  of 
Thinking  Machines  Corp.,  a  Massa- 
chusetts company  that  at  one  tune  de- 
signed powerful  supe.'-computers. 
■*The  Internet  today  i .  really  different 
than  It  was  a  year  ago,  and  we  have 
■  no  good  data  on  what  it  looked  like 
back  then." 

Stirring  Interest,  Concerns 

Just  a  few  months  old,  Kahle's 
work  already  has  attracted  the  atten- 
tion of  those  at  the  forefront  of  the 
digital  revolution.  Researchers  from 
AT&T  Corp.  and  Xerox  Corp.  have 
approached  K<ihle  with  requests  to 
study  the  archive. 

"It's  extremely  ambitious,  but  a 
great  idea,"  s;ud  Donald  Heath,  presi- 
dent of  the  Internet  Society  in  Res- 
ton.  "We  don't  know  where  this  Inter- 
net IS  going,  and  once  we  get  there  it 
.wUi  be  very  instructive  to  look  back.' 

But  Uie  project  also  has  piqued  the 
interest  of  pnvacy  nghts  advocates 
and  copyright  lawyers,  who  question 
how  the  archive  will  use  its  data.  Will 
the  archive  continue  to  offer  reveal- 
ing personal  home  pages  long  after  an 
author  has  decided  to  pull  the  plug  on 
them?  Will  saving  the  files  that 
formed  corporate  Web  sites  violate 
copyright  laws? 

"It  raises  some  very  interesting 
questions, "  said  Marc  Rotenberg,  di- 
rector of  the  Electronic  E^nvacy  Infor- 
mation Center,  a  Washington  advoca- 
cy group.  "It  can't  be  the  case  that 
every  time  someone  uses  the  Internet 
they  have  given  up  control  of  personal 
information  absolutely  and  for  all  pur- 

Kahle  said  he  has  not  yet  decided 
how  he  will  make  the  not-for-profit 



■  Ago:  35 

■  Education:  Bachelor  of 
science,  from  Massachusetts 
Institute  of  Technology,  1982 

■  Career  highlights:  Current  - 
president  and  founder  of  Internet 

1992-95  -  Founder  and 
president  of  Wide  Area 
Information  Servers  Inc. 

1983-92  -  Cofounder  and 
scientist.  Thinking  Machines 

■  Family:  wife,  Mary;  son.  Calson,  2 

■  Home:  San  Francisco 

■  Last  book  read:  'The  Discoverers' 
by  Daniel  Boorstin. 

■  Last  movie  seen:  "City  of  Lost 

■  Favorite  Web  site:  www.fflycom.  a 
tree  software  agent 

■  How  long  does  he  sperxl  In  front  of 
a  computer  each  day:  "How  long  am 
I  awake?"  About  nine  hours. 

archive  available  to  the  public.  He 
suggested  his  daU  may  be  handled 
like  census  data— aggregate  informa- 
tion is  made  public,  but  specific  infor- 
mauon  about  mdividuais  is  kept  confi- 

"I'm  dealing  with  every  smgle  intel- 
lectual property  issue  out  there,'  he 
said.  "Pnvacy,  copyright,  pornogra- 
phy, import -export — we've  got  it  all." 

Kahle  said  he  also  is  accepting  out- 
side help  in  creatuig  the  archive.  He 
recently  has  been  trying  to  obtain 
tapes  of  1980s-vintage  newsgroup 
postings  from  a  University  of  Toronto 

A  Smithsonian  Link 

The  archives  have  been  working 
with  the  Smithsoman  InsUtuUon  smce 
February  to  collect  World  Wide  Web 
sites  dealuig  with  this  year's  presi- 
denUal  election.  Part  of  that  collection 
now  IS  available  on  the  Web  at 
httpi/  and  mcludes 
copies  of  sites  such  as  the  Phil 
Gramm  for  President  home  page, 
which  no  longer  is  directly  accessible. 
The  collaboration  with  the  Smithson- 
ian will  result  in  an  exhibit  next  year 
about  the  Web's  impact  on  the  1996 
election  at  the  NaUonai  Museum  of 
American  History. 

Kahle,  who  left  Thinking  Machines 
in  1992  to  start  an  Internet  publish- 

ing company  called  W.A.IS  Inc. — it 
was  sold  to  Amenca  Online  Inc.  of 
Dulles  last  year  for  about  $15  niil- 
Lon — thus  far  has  personally  bank- 
rolled the  entu-e  eight-employee  ar- 
chive project,  to  the  tune  of 

While  Kahle  said  he  intends  to  keep 
the  archives  nonprofit,  possibly  join- 
ing with  a  large  research  library  in 
the  future,  he  is  forming  a  for-profit 
venture  that  will  sell  the  Web  search- 
ing and  storing  technology  developed 
at  the  archives.  "We're  developing 
some  very  exciting  products  to  man- 
age massive  amounts  of  data,'  he 

But  Kahle  insists  his  primary  inter- 
est these  days  is  the  arcliiving  pro- 
ject, of  which  he  speaks  with  a  boyish 

"There's  something  very  e.xciiing 
going  on  here,"  he  said.  "Nobody  re- 
corded television  in  it,s  early  days.  I 
don't  want  to  see  thai  happen  with 
the  Internet." 


To  post  on-line  qt4£stiOM.t  for  tlie 
archive's  organizers,  arid  to  track 
how  many  Web  pciges  haixt  been 
stored,  click  on  the  abore  symbol  on 
the  front  page  of  The  Past 's  sit£  on  . 
the  World  Wide  Web  at 




JULY  31,  1996  ■  VOL.  30,  NO.  44 


2  July  31.  IQDh  ■  San  Francisco  Bay  Guardian 



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I  grew  up  in  Cheyenne, 
Wyoming,  spent  seven 
years  in  New  York  City, 
then  moved  to  San 
Francisco.  I  like  to  tell 
friends  it's  like  Goldilocks 
and  the  three  bears:  One  city 
was  too  little.  One  city  was 
way  too  big.  And  one  city, 
this  one,  seems  to  be  just 

It's  just  right  for  a  lot  of  people. 
San  Francisco  has  the  best  food, 
the  best  views,  the  best  weather, 
the  best  culture,  and  yes,  the  best 
people  too.  So  it's  appropriate  that 
San  Francisco  is  where  the  Best 
Ofs  originated. 

It  all  started  back  in  1974,  when 
Esquire  magazine  decided  to  do  a 
feature  on  "the  best  of  America" 
and  asked  Bay  Guardian  publish- 
er Bruce  B.  Brugmann  and  the 
paper's  staff  to  handle  the  San 
Francisco  selections.  We  liked  the 
idea  so  much  we  expanded  on  Es- 
quire's list  and  added  many  more 
of  our  own  for  a  feature  we  called 
"The  Best  of  San  Francisco."  And 
long  after  Esquire  gave  up  the 
idea,  we  kept  it  going. 

This  year  we've  produced  the 
largest  Best  of  the  Bay  package  in 
Bay  Guardian  history,  with  more 
than  200  people,  places,  and  things 
that  have  earned  the  right  to  be 
called  the  Best.  Almost  800  of  our 
readers  have  chipped  in,  too,  nam- 
ing another  125  winners. 

From  the  best  Thai  restaurant  to 
the  best  place  to  buy  obscure  hot- 
rod literature,  from  the  best  place 
to  buy  a  computer  to  the  best  place 
to  engage  in  machine  meditation, 
we're  pleased  to  present  the  Best 
of  the  Bay,  1996. 

Miriam  Wolf 


Food  15 

Essay  by  Dan  Leone 15 

Best  recovery  from  a  fire-truck  collision  17 

Best  mole  in  the  Mission    19 

Best  place  to  cook  your  own  raw  meat 19 

Best  way  to  get  your  five  servings  of 

fruits  and  vegetables    19 

Best  cheese  collective 19 

Best  new  trend  in  meatless  dining   19 

Best  DIY  bar  food 19 

Best  pakoras  20 

Best  place  for  chips  and  salsa  al  fresco 20 

Best  cheap  breakfast  spot  that  will 

serve  you  a  stiff  drink   20 

Best  after-work  nosh  for  power  types 20 

Best  best-kept  restaurant  secret 20 

Best  new  shape  for  biscotti 23 

Best  upscale  truck  stop 23 

Best  place  to  shop  for  magazines 

while  caffeinating    23 

Best  fake  American  food 23 

Best  reason  to  wake  up  in  the  Mission 23 

Best  place  to  stock  up  for  a 

wine-country  picnic 23 

Best  place  for  a  wine-country  picnic    24 

Best  borscht    24 

Best  chicken  shawerma 24 

Best  place  for  cheap  licks  in  the  Mission 24 

Best  place  to  have  an  authentic 

Central  American  restaurant  experience  . . .  .24 

Best  Mexican  pastries 24 

Best  place  to  get  a  natural  high  and 

watch  the  world  go  by  27 

Most  soothing  restaurant  bathroom    27 

Best  store  for  all  your  subcontinent  needs  27 

Best  old-fashioned  malt-and-burger  joint 27 

Best  affordable  place  for  carnivores 

to  eat  with  their  vegetarian  pals 

Best  place  to  buy  kangaroo  steaks   28 

Best  way  to  leam  about  cheese 28 

Best  way  to  get  a  cholesterol  high   31 

Best  cheap  eats  by  the  bay   31 

Best  sublime  dish  with  an  oddly  prosaic  name  .  .31 

Best  taqueria  outside  the  Mission  District   31 

Best  place  to  taste  the  21st  century 31 

Sweetest  way  to  start  the  day  32 

Best  place  for  affordable  caviar 

with  a  vodka  chaser 32 

Best  eggs  and  pancakes  fix 32 

Best  California  cabernet  sauvignon 

Entertainment  and  nightlife  . 

Essay  by  Neva  Chonin 39 

Best  drive-in  to  visit  before 

they  all  become  extinct   43 

Best  photo  booth  in  a  club    43 

Best  bar  for  seeing  red   43 

Best  spontaneous  one-man  sideshow 43 

Best  blues  radio  show 44 

Best  place  to  rent  anime  44 

Best  place  to  lose  $100  while  smoking 

a  pack  of  cigarettes    44 

Best  old-school  pool  hall   46 

Best  place  to  relive  your  parents'  childhood  ...  .46 

Best  club  for  new  wave  oldies   46 

Best  bar  in  which  to  sit  beneath  a  copper  shark 

and  watch  a  guy  bang  on  a  Budweiser  case  .  .46 
Best  multilingual  karaoke  rooms  with 

computerized  song-selection  system 48 

Best  nightspot  for  incredibly  strange  music 

and  people   48 

Best  club  at  which  to  rediscover  Pat  Benatar  .    .50 

Best  place  to  watch  Hong  Kong  movies 50 

Best  lesbian  bar  for  everybody 50 

Best  reason  to  name  your  child  after  a 

typesetting  font    50 

Best  place  to  experience  graffiti  as 

Neolithic  cave  art 51 

Best  place  to  hear  street  music  in 

Golden  Gate  Park 51 

Best  Sunday  brunch   51 

Best  art  on  the  wall  and  in  your  mouth 51 

Best  airport  bar 52 

Best  place  to  scarf  fish  and  chips,  hear  bagpipe 

music  and  indie  rock,  and  gel  a  dose  of 

Scottish  culture    52 

Best  way  to  see  the  Magic   52 

Best  shoe-gazing  extravaganza 52 

under $10 


;  The  best  climbing 

Urban  living 59 

Essay  by  Tim  Redmond 59 

Best  political  quote 63 

Best  air  quality   63 

Best  political  hack 63 

Best  24-hour  self-service  Laundromat 63 

Best  bad-attitude  'zine   63 

Best  bathroom  reading  material   63 

Most  sensitive  cat-care  service 65 

Best  TV  station  for  local  politicos   65 

Best  new  community  garden    65 

Best  way  to  track  down  a  long-lost  friend    65 

Best  books  you  never  expected  to 

see  at  the  library .65 

Best  catchers  in  the  rye 65 

Best  place  for  a  garage  sale    65 

Best  neighborhood  dog 65 

Best  way  to  find  an  apartment 

if  you  have  a  dog  or  cat 66 

Best  way  to  recapture  one 

of  the  great  moments  in  American  history  .  .  .66 
Best  indication  that  the  Internet 

has  taken  over 66 

Best  underappreciated  neighborhoods   66 

Best  place  to  engage  in  machine  meditation  ...  .68 

Best  community-based  Web  sites 68 

Best  Bay  Area  computer-game  maker    70 

Best  cheap  hotel   70 

Best  graphic  designer  with  artistic  integrity  .  . .  .70 
Best  and  nearest  place  lo  go 

for  a  small-town  experience 70 

Best  new  paint  job  on  a 

San  Francisco  public  school    71 

Best  get-yourself-outta-that-rut  move 71 

Best  vibe  in  the  Mission 71 

Best  bucolic  Sunday  afternoon  in  a  city 71 

Best  twisted  free  literature   71 

Outdoors 73 

Essay  by  Jon  Maples  73 

Best  underused  local  park 75 

Best  suburban  quarry  swim    75 

Best  bus  to  the  slopes  77 

Best  gym  to  encounter  San  Francisco's 

diverse  cultural  community 77 

Best  toddler  park  in  San  Francisco 77 

Best  rope  swing 77 

Best  mountain  bike  ride  for  beginners  78 

Best  place  to  watch  the  sunset 

with  your  dog 78 

Best  place  to  test  out  a  new  bike  on  the  roof  . .  .78 
Best  "natural"  wonder  that  will 

have  you  saying,  "Trippy!"  79 

Best  place  to  body  surf 79 

Best  place  to  stay  on  a  coastal  bluff 79 

Best  campsite   79 

Best  climbing  gym   80 

Best  site  for  communing  with 

the  ghosts  of  summers  past   80 

Best  self-guided  nature  trail  80 

Best  swimming  beach 82 

Best  way  to  escape  from  Alcatraz 82 

Best  golf  hole  to  shank  an  eight-iron 

into  the  sea 82 

Best  coastal  getaway 82 

Best  way  to  get  in  shape  for  drinking 84 

Best  bird  watching   84 

Best  hike  for  seeing  waterfalls 84 

Best  East  Bay  outing  for  wee  ones 

and  visiting  family 84 

Romance 87 

Essay  by  Pia  Hinckle 87 

Best  movie  theater  for  a  hot  date    89 

Best  watery  romance 89 

Best  romantic  getaway  with 

old-hunting-lodge  ambience   89 

Best  romantic  park   91 

Best  place  for  San  Franciscans  to 

buy  their  sex  supplies  anonymously 93 

Best  place  to  get  slimy  with  your  partner 93 

Best  romantic  and  inexpensive  presents 93 

Best  place  to  break  up  with  someone 93 

Best  place  to  smooch  in  the  New  Main    93 

Best  place  to  meet  people  with  your  dog 94 

Best  starry-night  stroll   94 

:  July  31, 1996  ■  San  Francisco  Bay 

Shopping 97 

Essay  by  Stephanie  Rosenbaum 96 

Best  place  to  relive  your  childhood 98 

Best  accoutrement  for  clowns 98 

Best  way  to  liven  up  your  table 100 

A  wrenching  read:  The  best  place  for 
obscure  hot-rod  literature.  See  page  104. 

Best  Saturday  afternoon  grooves 100 

Best  manga-model  store   100 

Best  place  to  buy  steel-toed  shoes 100 

Best  place  to  pretend  you're  skydiving  . . .  .100 
Best  listening  station  featuring 

unknown  musicians  101 

Best  independent  bookstore    101 

Best  neighborhood  for 

used-book  shopping 102 

Best  place  on  Valencia  to  meet  Marxists  . .  .102 

Best  place  to  find  vintage  magazines   102 

Best  bookstore  you'd  rather 

no  one  else  knew  about   102 

Best  place  to  bike  into  the  past  104 

Best  place  to  buy  vitamins    104 

Best  place  to  find  obscure 

hot-rod  literature 104 

Best  shopping  nirvana  for 

hip  and  hungry  women 109 

Best  place  to  buy  happiness 

for  less  than  $2.50   109 

Best  video  store 109 

Best  painful  but  rewarding 

hair-removal  experience 109 

Best  friendly,  honest  used-car  dealer HI 

Best  friendly,  honest  mechanics   Ill 

Best  S.F.  thrift  store  that's  not  quite 

in  San  Francisco Ill 

Best  soundtrack  store 

north  of  Hollywood   Ill 

Best  deals  and  most  informed  staff 

for  dog  and  cat  supplies   Ill 

Best  discount  travel  agency 112 

Best  place  to  take  your  dying  pumps 112 


Keith  McHenry 

Best  San  Francisco  cop 2''     ° 

Conscioiis  Daughters 

Best  up-and-coming  female  rapper  4 

Alex  Bennett 

Best  politically  correct  comedian 4 

Chailotte  Malilanl  Swig 

Best  place  in  the  Mission  to  take 

visiting  dignitaries   5 

Maisa  Gomez  || 

Best  place  in  San  Francisco 

to  walk  your  dog 61 

IHayorWiUie  Brown 

Best  San  Francisco  politician  who 

isn't  Willie  Brown 68 

Bay  Ana  Consumers'  ChteUbook 

Best  banks  for  checking  accounts   69 

BiU  Griffith 

t  place  for  three  rocks 78 


Best  bleeding-heart  liberal  cause 83 

Nina  Hartley 

Best  way  to  get  in  the  mood 91 

Isadora  Afanan 

Best  way  to  approach  an  attractive  strangei94 
Chartie  Hunter 

Best  mom-and-pop  record  store 101 


A  look  back  at  22  years  of  Best  of 
the  Bay 115 

Best  antique  furniture  restorer  (1974) 115 

Best  place  to  work  with 

wild  animals  (1992)  115 

Best  ghost  town  (1993) 115 

Best  single-malt  scotch  selection  (1990)  . .  .115 
Best  public-transportation 

program  (1986) 115 

Best  brewspaper  (1989) 115 

Best  sauna  (1977)   115 

Best  marzipan  pig  (1975)   115 

Best  working-class  sushi  bar  (1987) 115 

Best  recycling  complex  (1985) 115 

Best  place  for  inexpensive 

relaxation  (1995)    116 

Best  place  to  buy  used  and  refurbished 

golf  clubs  (1994)    116 

Best  chocolate  (1979)   116 

Best  source  of  native  plants  on 

the  peninsula  (1991) 116 

Best  place  to  wail  for  your 

ship  to  come  in  (1984)  116 

Best  homemade  movie-theater 

food  (1988) 116 

Best  view  of  the  Bay  Area  (1978) 116 

Best  swimming  beach  (1982)   116 


Food 121 

Best  new  restaurant 121 

Best  restaurant  entree   121 

Best  burger  and  fries 121 

Best  veggie  burger 121 

Best  burrito   121 

Best  ice-cream  parlor    121 

Best  Middle  Eastern  food   121 

Best  pizza    121 

Best  take-out  121 

Best  Caesar  salad 122 

Best  sandwich  shop 122 

Best  Chinese  food 122 

Best  Vietnamese  food  122 

Best  Thai  food 122 

Best  pad  Thai 122 

Best  bakery   122 

Best  highfalutin  dessert 122 

Best  Mexican  restaurant   122 

Best  chips  and  salsa 122 

Best  vegetarian  food  122 

Best  supermarket 122 

Best  natural-food  store    123 

Best  wine  store    123 

Best  place  to  go  wine-tasting   123 

Best  bread   123 

Best  restaurant  service 123 

The  best  little  pigs  go  to 
marzipan.  See  page  115. 

Best  coffeehouse 123 

Best  seafood  restaurant 123 

Best  outdoor  brunch   123 

Best  restaurant  to  hang  out  in  123 

Best  splurge  restaurant 

(more  than  $20  per  person) 123 

Best  cheap  restaurant 

($5  or  less  per  person) 123 

Entertainment 125 

Best  first-nm  movie  house   125 

Best  rep  film  house  124 

Best  local  dance  company 125 

Best  art  gallery    125 

Best  photography  gallery    125 

Best  local  theater  company 125 

Best  museum 125 

Best  place  to  hear  reggae  125 

Best  open-mic  music  series 125 

Best  jukebox   125 

Best  local  comedian    125 

Best  place  to  see  dance   125 

Best  performance  space 125 

Best  dance  club  125 

Best  place  to  hear  live  rock 125 

Best  place  to  hear  hip-hop  125 

Best  after-hours  club 125 

Best  brew  pub  125 

Best  place  to  play  pool  without  waiting   . .  .126 

Best  bar 126 

Best  innovative  cocktail   126 

Best  gay  bar 126 

Best  lesbian  bar 126 

Best  local  band   126 

Outdoors  129 

Best  place  to  sit  outside  and 

people-watch   129 

Best  place  to  play  pickup  basketball 129 

Best  hiking  trail 129 

Best  place  to  jog  129 

Best  bike  path  129 

Best  bike  shop 129 

Best  place  to  buy  in-line  skates 129 

Best  beach 129 

Best  place  to  sunbathe 129 

Best  view 129 

Best  children's  playground  129 

Best  place  to  escape  the  fog    129 

Best  place  to  embrace  the  fog 129 

Sliopping 129 

Best  new  bookstore 129 

Best  used  bookstore 129 

Best  comic  book  store 129 

Best  place  to  buy  vinyl  129 

Best  place  to  buy  CDs 129 

Best  place  to  buy  hip-hop  music 129 

Best  place  to  buy  a  computer    129 

Best  place  to  get  your  watch 

battery  replaced   130 

Best  place  to  buy  new  furniture 130 

Best  building-supply  store 130 

Best  men's  clothing 130 

Best  women's  clothing   130 

Best  place  to  buy  children's  clothing   130 

Best  place  to  buy  used  jeans 130 

Best  vintage  clothing  store   130 

Best  vintage  furniture  store 130 

Best  place  to  buy  toys 130 

Best  place  to  buy  eyeglasses 132 

Best  cosmetics  store  or  counter 132 

Best  place  to  buy  shoes 132 

Best  stationary  store    132 

Best  flower  shop  132 

Best  place  to  buy  medicinal  herbs 132 

Best  place  that's  been  around 

since  at  least  1966    132 

Romance  132 

Best  romantic  restaurant  132 

Best  place  for  a  clandestine  lunch 132 

Best  place  to  meet  your  personal-ad  date   .  .132 

Best  gift  for  your  lover   132 

Best  place  to  buy  latex    132 

Best  way  to  get  free  condoms 133 

Best  place  to  get  married 133 

Best  topless  bar 133 

Best  outdoor  spot  to  make  out 133 

Best  place  for  a  proposal 

(or  a  proposition)  133 

Urban  living  134 

Best  Internet  service  provider 134 

Best  local  Web  site   134 

Best  place  to  spot  celebrities 134 

Best  new  name  for  3Com  Park 134 

Best  local  newscast 134 

Best  radio  show 134 

Best  write-in  candidate  for  president   134 

Best  reason  to  visit  San  Francisco 134 

Best  adult  education  classes   134 

Best  professional  sports  team  135 

Best  way  to  find  a  roommate 135 

Best  recycling  center 135 

Best  local  cause 135 

Best  nonprofit  group 135 

Best  new  building  136 

Best  street  comer 136 

Best  local  'zine   136 

Best  fashion  designer   136 

Best  way  to  get  on  the 

Bay  Bridge  at  rush  hour 136 

Best  street  fair 136 

Best  place  to  spot 

Willie  Brown   136 

Best  downtown  comer 

to  catch  a  cab  136 

Best  community  garden 136 

Best  place  to  experience 

the  counterculture 136 


Sharen  Hewitt  139 

Comelius  Hall 140 

Nanci  Clarence   141 

RafiqBilal 142 

Satti  Hinon  Odeye 143 

GailSilva 144 

It's  dog-eat-dog:  The  best  place  to  meet 
people  unth  your  pooch.  See  page  94. 

The  1996  Bay 
Guardian  Best  Oi 
task  force 

Miriam  Wolf 
Associate  Editor 

Jodi  Levin 

Ondine  Kilker,  Elyse  Hochstadt 
Contributing  writers 

Dakkan  Abbe,  Savannah  Blackwell,  Brian 
Bouldrey,  Amy  Bourne,  Diane  Cantwell,  Neva 
Chonin,  Erika  Cbristensen,  Bill  Citara,  Ian 
Coder,  Jennifer  fjjughlin,  Ron  Curran,  Elizabeth 
Demaray,  Eileen  Ecklund,  R.  Seth  Friedman, 
Susan  Gerhard,  Bennett  Grassano,  Belinda 
Griswold,  Glen  Helfand,  Pia  Hinckle,  David 
Israels,  Jennifer  Joseph,  Henry  Kumagai,  Dan 
Leone,  Reyna  Lingemann,  Alvin  Lu,  John  Marr, 
Katharine  Mayerson,  Howard  Myint,  Jerod  Pore, 
Johimy  Ray  Huston,  Tim  Redmond,  Meir  Rinde, 
Rose  Rippey,  Stephanie  Rosenbaum,  Marcy 
Sheiner,  Nina  Siegal,  J.  Arthur  Skaggs,  Amy 
Squires,  Eric  Stephan,  Chuck  Stephens,  Candi 
Strecker,  Jane  Sullivan,  Chris  Torrens,  Jean- 
Fabrice  Vernet,  Mandy  Weltman,  Anthony  York, 
Doug  Young,  Jenna  Ziman,  Daniel  Zoll 

Contributing  artists  and  photographers 

Lx>ri  Eanes,  Mark  Madeo,  Winston  Smith, 
Christine  T.  Anderson,  Saul  Bromberger,  Phyllis 
Christopher,  Lori  Eanes,  Gregory  Fleischer, 
Gabrielle  Gamboa,  Phoebe  Gloeckner,  Pamela 
Hobbs,  Rosemarie  Lion,  Mark  Luthringer, 
Mark  Madeo,  Melinda  Montanye,  Neda, 
Judi  Parks,  Stephanie  Rausser,  Joe  Rocco,  Kurt 
Rodgers,  Nicole  Rosenthal,  Eric  Slomanson, 
Winston  Smith,  Susan  Synarski,  Steven 
Weissman,  Jackie  Wey 

Copy  and  production 

Beth  Allen,  Chris  Bonis,  Amy  Changar. 
Lisa  Dumas,  Tom  Dvorak,  Ed  Garcia,  Chiaki 
Hachisu,  Deirdre  Lynds,  Ten  Mammini,  Emily 
McMaous,  Misty  Neal,  Deirdre  Nemmers, 
Mary  Penn,  Sylvia  Tan,  Kurt  1 
Jacqueline  Volin 

■  July  31,  1995   13 



Japanese  Cuisine 
Steaks  and  Seafood 
Best  Sushi  Deal  in  Town 
Authentic  Japanese  Atmosphere 

Lunch  Mon.-Fri.  11:30-2  p.m. 
Dinner  Mon.-Wed.  5-10  p.m. 
Thurs.-Sat.  5-midnight 
Major  credit  cards  accepted 

1283  9THAVE.  AT  IRVING  ST. 

566'  1 770 

I  San  Francisco  Bay  Guardian 

Jericho  Productions  &  the  S.F.  Weekly  Presents 

nighl  only,  Ihc  Boomerang  wilt  be  Iransfomied  inlo  a  Mississippi  juke  joinl  10 
San  Francisco  return  of  81  year  olJ  della  bhies  legend  and  Earwig  recording  an 

Honeyboy  Edwards 

plus  Lester  Davenport  (Earwig  Records), Preacher  Boy  and 
lig  Bones  (Blind  Pig  Records)  and  Doug  MacLeod  (Audio  Quest  Music) 

Friday,  August  2 
10PM*  $10 

Tickets  on  sale  7pm  day  of  show 

Al  eighty- 
Edwards  i 

praclilioners  of  the,  pre-war  era,  acoustic  de 
blues.  A  blues  survivor,  whose  career  spans 
over  seven  decades.  Edwards  is  one  of  the  few 

jiayed  and  traveled  with  Robert  Johnson.  Edwards  was  with 

he  died  in  1938,  and  is  featured  in  the  PBS  Special  "The  Search  for 

The  Bay  Area's  BEST 
Unknown  Record  store! 

Buy  Sell  Trade 
New  &  used 

LPS  &  CDS 

Rock,  indies, 




Live  in-Store  Performance 
*^^  Billy  Talbot  &  Friends 

(Bassist  from  Crazy  Horse) 

Sunday,  August  4 

Show  starts  around  7pm 

342  Divisadero 


open  11-8  M-Sat.  Sun.  12-7 


San  Francisco  Bay  C 

)  ■  July  31, 1996  49 

1773  Haight  Street,  San  Francisco,  CA  94117  •  415-668-3746 


Hours:  Monday-Saturday  11-6  •  Sunday  Noon-4 




The  best  beer  is  made  at  home. 


1555  Clement  Street  @  17Ui  Ave.  San  Francisco 
(415)  751-9338 


FREE  ^ 

1^1  \Ji  iiJ» 

I    Bi-Fold  Metrodouble 

One  low  price  includes  frame 
and  futon! 

Ask  about  the  difference  wool  makes! 

futon  or  sofa  bed.  0 




Colma  •  Concord  •  Dublin  ■  Emeryuille  •  Fremont  •  Palo  Alto  •  Novato  •  Sacramento 

San  Francisco  ■  San  Jose  •  San  Mateo  •  San  Rafael  •  Santa  Rosa  •  Vacaville  •  Vallejo 


and  Alley  Club,  UQOFolsom,  S.F. 
(415)  431-3332;  Baby  Judy's, 
Wednesday  nights,  Casanova 
Lounge,  527  Valencia,  S.F.  (415) 

Best  club 
at  which  to 
Pat  Benatar 

Though  the  Pat  Benatar  lip- 
synching  night  was  reserved  for 
Trannyshack  hostess  Fleklina's 
birthday  party,  this  glittering  haven 
for  cross-dressers  always  has  room 
for  the  faded  glory  of  new  wave 
divas.  The  drag  at  the  Tuesday- 
night  glamour  hut  that  is  Tran- 
nyshack veers  toward  the  freaky 
and  conceptual,  with  performers  of 
all  persuasions  giving  it  their  twist- 
ed all  to  hit  the  audience  with  their 
best  shots.  The  drink  specials  and 
celebrity  cohostesses  enhance  the 
glamour.  399  Ninth  St.,  S.F.  (415) 

Best  place  to 
watch  Hong 

see,  but  for  sheer  cavernous  i 
phere,  rows  dotted  with  necking 
teenagers,  and  occasional  cell- 
phone conversations,  the  Great  Star 
provides  the  complete  package. 
They  don't  make  'em  like  this  any- 
more. 636  Jackson,  S.F.  (415)  982- 

Best  lesbian 
bar  for 

As  co-owner  Pat  Ramseyer's  girl- 
friend, Shelly,  says,  "This  is  an 
everyone  bar."  And  labels  aside. 
Wild  Side  West  is  a  great  neighbor- 
hood bar  for  just  that  reason.  Ram- 
seyer  originally  opened  the  bar  as 
the  Wild  Side  in  Oakland  in  the 
early  '60s;  it  became  (he  Wild  Side 
West  when  she  moved  it  to  North 
Beach  a  few  years  later.  In  1977, 
when  Ramseyer  teamed  up  with 
her  business  partner,  Nancy  White, 
the  bar  moved  again,  this  time  to 
Cortland  Avenue  in  Bernal 
Heights,  where  it  still  rests.  The 
Wild  Side  is  a  warm,  down-to-earth 
place  to  go  to  enjoy  drink,  snacks, 
and  good  company.  Bask  in  the  sun 
out  on  the  back  deck  and  garden,  or 
during  colder  weather,  enjoy  the 
warmth  from  the  fireplace  that 
stands  in  the  center  of  the  bar.  424 
Cortland  S.F.,  (415)  647-^99. 

Kong  movies      Best  reason  to 

Now  this  is  a  tough  call.  If  you're  a 
Hong  Kong  movie  neophyte,  your 
best  bet  is  probably  the  ongoing  se- 
ries at  the  UC  Theatre,  which  culls 
select  favorites  from  Hong  Kong 
cinema's  recent  history.  You  could 
also  attend  one  of  the  minifestivals 
that  pop  up  periodically  around  the 
Bay  Area  or  rent  and  watch  some 
films  on  your  own  home-theater 
setup.  (You  do  have  one,  don't 
you?)  On  the  other  hand,  nothing 
beats  a  night  of  double-feature 
madness  at  the  Great  Star  Theater, 
one  of  the  two  remaining  first-run 
theaters  in  Chinatown,  the  other 
being  the  venerable  World  Theater. 
Choosing  between  the  two  is  really 
a  matter  of  what  movie  you  want  to 

name  your 
child  after  a 
typesetting  font 

Just  recently  the  San  Francisco 
Center  for  the  Book  opened  its 
doors  to  the  public.  Directors  Mary 
Austin  (a  print  historian  who  loves 
printmaking  so  much  she  named 
her  son  Caslon,  after  the  type  font), 
Kathleen  Burch  (a  typographer 
who  works  with  Burning  Books 
and  has  collaborated  on  projects 
with  John  Cage),  and  Susan  Lan- 
dauer  (an  art  historian)  have  creat- 

IQ46  ■  San  Francisco  Bay  Guardian 

ed  a  dteati,  wellMif  space  for  book- 
and  printmaking  programs,  exhibi- 
tions, and  studio  facilities.  The  cen- 
ter also  has  a  resource  library  and 
offers  workshops  on  experimental 
printmaking  and  book  structure.  So 
come  on  down  and  thumb  your 
nose  at  all  those  folks  who  say  the 
book  is  dead.  300  DeHaro,  S.F. 
(415)  565-0545. 

Best  place 
to  experience 
graffiti  as 

cave  art 

Catch  the  K,  L,  or  M  lines  heading 
downtown,  take  a  window  seat  on 
(he  left  side  of  the  car  (facing  for- 
ward), and  keep  your  eyes  peeled. 
Just  before  pulling  into  the  Castro 
Street  station  the  train  will  pass 
through  the  remains  of  the  old  Muni 
Maritet  Street  station,  which  still 
boasts  a  bench  or  two  and  some 
fine  samples  of  local  graffiti  art, 
such  as  those  whacked,  big-eyed 
'toon  characters  and  mysterious,  el- 
egant horses.  Illuminated  by  the 
gated-over  exit  where  the  track 
once  led  to  the  outside,  the  old  sta- 
tion exudes  the  haunted,  romantic 
ambience  of  a  place  time  forgot. 
Many  regular  commuters  seem  to 
look  forward  to  this  subterranean 
view — glance  around  you  and 
you'll  see  lots  effaces  peering  out 
the  grubby  windows.  It's  an  urban 
ritual  par  excellence. 

Best  place 
to  hear  street 
music  in 
Golden  Gate 


Just  ask  Paul,  the  psychologist-jazz 
saxophonist  in  the  pinstripe  shirt, 
or  his  buddy  Sid,  the  architect-jazz 
guitarist,  where  the  best  spot  is  to 
hear  locals  blow  some  soulful 
notes.  They'll  tell  you  what  all  the 
musicians  know:  it's  in  front  of  the 
Conservatory  of  Flowers  when 
someone  is  playing  in  the  tunnel 
under  JFK  Drive.  That  tunnel  of- 
fers the  best  acoustics  in  the  city. 
And  in  the  summertime,  when 
tourists  flock  to  the  conservatory's 
front  yard  and  Rollerbladers  zip 
overhead,  musicians  have  an  in- 
stant audience.  Short  Corinthian 
columns  adorn  the  tunnel's  north 
and  south  entrances  and  add  an  art- 
ful atmosphere,  as  do  the  conserva- 
tory's landscaping  and  flower  beds. 
"Some  guys  have  to  rent  [practice] 
space,"  Paul  says.  "Me?  I  leave  my 
horn  in  the  trunk  and  come  here  on 
my  lunch  break.  This  is  the  place." 
Check  it  out  any  weekday  after- 
noon, and  weekends  starting  at 
around  noon.  The  music  ranges 

from  airy  jazz  and  rhapsodic  violin 
concertos  to  rhythmic  steel  drums 
and  hard-driving  guitar. 

Best  Sunday 

If  a  pint  of  Guinness  is  a  meal,  then 
a  Sunday  afternoon  Bloody  Mary  at 
the  Deluxe  Club  is  brunch  in  a 
glass.  Chock  full  of  tasty  veggies, 
these  Bloody  Marys  are  spiked 
with  judicious  amounts  of  horse- 

radish and  Tabasco  and  often  are 
served  up  by  Vice  Grip,  of  the  local 
swing  scene.  Although  the  regulars, 
in  their  vintage  duds,  are  usually 
holding  court  at  the  front  tables, 
formal  dress  is  not  required  and 
seating  is  usually  available.  The  at- 
mosphere is  more  relaxed  on  Sun- 
day afternoons  than  on  Friday  or 
Saturday  nights,  which  tend  to  be 
loud  and  crowded,  with  swing 
dancers  and  enthusiasts  packing  the 
floor  for  the  live  music.  If  you're 
lucky  you  can  grab  one  of  the  cov- 
eted booths.  1511  Haighl,  S.F. 
(415)  552-6949. 

Best  art  on 
the  wall  and 
in  your  mouth 

The  art  at  Swiss  entrepreneur 
Donald  Hess's  stunningly  remod- 
eled 93-year-old  Napa  Valley 
Hess  Collection  Winery  isn't  just 
the  award-winning  wines.  It's 
also  the  contemporary  paintings 
and  sculptures  by  artists  such  as 
Frank  Stella,  Robert  Motherwell, 

Theodoros  Stamos,  and  Bruce 
Robbins  that  can  be  found  in  the 
winery's  three-story  art  gallery. 
Take  the  glassed-in  elevator  to 
the  top  floor  and  work  your  way 
down.  Don't  miss  the  stunning, 
brilliantly  executed  painting  by 
noted  German  artist  Gerhard 
Richter,  an  enormous  work  that 
explodes  with  color  and  vitality. 
When  you're  finished  repair  to 
the  cozy  tasting  room  and  give 
your  taste  buds  a  treat.  4411  Red- 
wood, Napa.  (707)  255-1144. 




,,^_         WHY  IS  THE  OHE  JERK  IN  THE 



'mm  ttos,  Video  Games, 

tmmsj  ffwfrequent Buyers 



24  Clement  St.  (at  Arguello) 

San  Francisco,  CA  94118 

(415)  386-5095 

Buy -Sell -Trade 
LPs -CDs -Tapes 

Open  Daily  11-7 




Best  airport 

Airports  are  generally  rotten  places 
to  drink.  The  cocktails  are  over- 
priced and  weak,  the  ambience  is 
crowded-waiting-room  chic,  and 
the  help  is  slow  and  surly.  But  not 
at  the  Crab  Pot,  which  is  tucked  be- 
tween the  bookstore  and  gates  68 
and  69  in  the  United  terminal  at 
SFO.  The  place  serves  local  brew- 
pub  beer  and  decent  clam  chowder 
at  tolerable  prices,  but  more  impor- 
tant, the  waiters  and  bartenders  are 
actually  friendly.  And  several  times 
a  day  they  all  drop  everything,  put 
"Surfin'  USA,"  on  the  jukebox, 
crank  up  the  volume,  and  dance  on 
their  service  trays,  sliding  around 
and  hanging  10  while  out-of-town 
visitors  shake  their  heads  in  won- 
der. United  terminal,  San  Francis- 
co International  Airport. 

Best  place  to 
hear  bagpipe 
music  and 
indie  rock,  and 
get  a  dose  of 
Scottish  culture 

That  pretty  much  sums  up  the  ap- 
peal of  Edinburgh  Castle,  a  peren- 
nial Bay  Guardian  Best  Of  winner 
on  Geary  Boulevard  in  the  Tender- 
loin. The  fish  and  chips  come 
wrapped  in  newsprint,  just  like  in 
jolly  old  England.  From  Wednes- 
day to  Saturday  there's  live  music 
on  the  second  floor.  (Booker  Ray 
Wilcox  has  featured  emerging 
indie  talents  such  as  Actionslacks, 
Vegas  de  Milo,  Vinyl  Devotion, 
and  J  Church.)  Also  the  home  of 
the  Scottish  Cultural  Arts  Founda- 
tion, Edinburgh  Castle  occasional- 
ly has  a  bagpiper  perform,  for  an 
authentic  Scottish  vibe.  Various 
items  on  the  walls  also  celebrate 
the  Scottish-culture  theme:  check 
out  the  caber  mounted  on  one 
wall;  in  essence  a  giant  log,  it's  a 
projectile  to  be  hurled  in  Scottish 
contests  of  strength.  For  those  odd 
sorts  who  don't  fancy  hurling  logs, 
there's  a  pool  table,  two  dart 
boards,  and  a  pinball  machine.  950 
Geary.  S.F.  (415)  885-4074. 

Best  way  to  see 
the  Magic 

It's  late  Friday  afternoon,  you're 
up  to  your  elbows  in  paperwork, 
your  head  is  swirling,  and  the 
phone  is  ringing.  It's  time  to  es- 
cape to  the  theater  so  all  those 
workaday  worries  will  slip  away. 
But  you've  forgotten  to  make  plans 

for  the  weekend  and  you  don't 
even  know  what's  playing.  Luckily 
you've  already  invested  in  a  Magic- 
PASS  for  the  Magic  Theatre.  Now 
you  can  just  hop  a  cab  down  to  Fort 
Mason  and  see  a  really  hip,  cool, 
arty  play.  The  pass  is  one  of  the 
ways  the  Magic  Theatre  has  made 
its  plays  accessible  to  even  the  least 
prescient  theatergoer — you  can 
choose  which  plays  you  want  to  see 
and  when  you  want  to  see  them. 
For  $45  you  can  buy  three  passes 
so  you  can  go  to  the  theater  three 
times  by  yourself  or  take  two 
friends  to  one  show.  For  $85  you 
get  6  passes,  and  for  $1 10,  eight. 
That's  pretty  cheap,  considering 
that  it  usually  costs  as  much  as  $24 
for  a  single  ticket  on  a  weekend 
night.  Then  simply  fly  off  to  the 
theater  on  a  moment's  notice. 

Here  are  two  other  Magic  tricks: 
The  last  Thursday  of  the  run  of 
every  play  is  "pay  what  you  can" 
night — you  pay  whatever  price 
you  can  afford.  If  you  have  a  stu- 
dent ID,  take  advantage  of  the  "stu- 
dent rush";  an  hour  before  any 
Magic  play,  rush  up  to  the  box  of- 
fice and  buy  a  ticket  for  $7  (on 
Wednesdays,  Thursdays,  and  Sun- 
days) or  $10  (on  Fridays  and  Satur- 
days). The  deal  is  subject  to  ticket 
availability,  but  odds  are  pretty 
good  that  you'll  get  a  seat.  All 
nighttime  performances  (except 
those  on  Sundays)  start  at  8:30  p.m. 

— late  enough  so  that  you  can  actu- 
ally make  it  to  the  theater  after 
work  and  a  beer.  The  Magic  has  a 
hot  calendar  of  new  plays  and  the- 
ater works  this  year,  so  the  passes 
are  worth  it.  For  more  information, 
call  (415)  441-8822. 



For  a  free  and  rockin'  good  time  on 
weekend  nights,  shimmy  on  down 
to  the  corner  of  22nd  and  Mission 
Streets.  There,  jamming  al  fresco, 
you  will  find  the  soon-to-be-infa- 
mous Rube  Waddell.  Named  in 
honor  of  the  alligator-wrestling, 
marble-playing  patron  saint  of  left- 
handed  pitching,  this  band  bridges 
the  gap  between  rap  and  raga  and 
plays  the  meanest  one-string  blues 
guitar  this  side  of  the  moon.  Armed 
with  enough  musical  instruments  to 
fill  two  shopping  carts.  Rube  Wad- 
dell holds  court  most  Fridays  and 
Saturdays  at  around  10  p.m.  Come 
see  the  best  music  this  town  has  to 
offer  and  find  out  what  Mack  the 
Knife  has  to  do  with  a  shark  attack. 
Most  Friday  and  Saturday  nights, 
10  p.m.  or  thereabouts,  corner  of 
Mission  and  22nd  Streets.  <i^ 

You  wouldn't  expect  to  see 
Charlotte  Maillatd  Swig, 
San  Francisco's  chief  of 
protocol,  in  a  neighborhood  with- 
out socialites,  but  Swig  came  up 
with  enough  places  in  this  boho 
'hood  to  prove  once  and  for  all 
that  she's  a  homegirl.  "Mission 
Dolores  of  course  is  the  biggie, 
but  there  are  so  many  wonderful 
places  to  take  people  in  the  Mis- 
sion. There's  the  Galeria  de  la  Raza,  which  showcases  Hispanic 
artists.  La  Rondalla  has  wonderful  Mexican  food  and  a  Christmas 
decor  all  year  long,  and  there's  La  Cumbre  Taqueria.  Young  people 
like  the  Elbo  Room  and  the  Albion.  Then  there's  Cesar's  Latin 
Palace  and  a  wonderful  store  called  the  Lady  Luck  Candle  Shop. 
There  are  murals  throughout  the  Mission  that  are  culturally  signifi- 
cant and  colorful,  and  theaters  like  the  York  and  Roxie  are  great 
places  to  take  visitors  who  want  a  taste  of  San  Francisco." 

Best  place  in 
the  Mission  to 
take  visiting 

52  July  31. 1996  ■  San  Francisco  Bay 

Bulletin  Board 




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Flat-rate  dial  up  access,  full  email,  WWW, 
news  &  more.  $25  setup,  no  hourly  charges. 

INTERNET  $15/mo 

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Web  registration:  http;//,  415-284-4700 

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212  July  31 ,  1996  ■  San  Francisco  Bay  Guardian 

For  expanded  Bulletin  Board,  turn  to  the  previous  page. 

tDI-MARTINI  U:S.A..  INC..  MIAMI,  FL  RUM  SP^gO^g^fWi.^ 

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MARCH  25,  1996 


The  Dragon  Wakes:  China's  challenge 
and  how  to  deal  with  it  {see  World) 

The  Mechanics  of  Thought:  Is  it  humanly 
possible  for  the  man-made  to  think?  (see  Cover) 

The  Stones  of  Camelot:  Jackie  O  s 
treasures  on  the  block  (see  The  Arts) 








CAMPAIGN  '96:  Bob  and  Bill's  Beltway  Bake-Off  26 

The  scene  has  shifted  from  the  green  fields  of  the  Republic  to 
the  hard  pavement  of  Pennsylvania  Avenue.  The  situation  is 
unique  in  American  history— a  Senate  majority  leader  and  a 
President,  opposing  candidates  who  must  find  some  way  of 
working  together  while  trying  to  knife  each  other  in  the  back 
Tom  Daschle:  Leader  of  the  block  party 30 

BOB  DOLE:  The  Lone  Ranger  31 

Never  one  to  surround  himself  with  advisers,  the  Senator 
now  finds  himself  surrounded 

THE  ALSO-RANS:  How  (Very)  Green  Was  My  Valley       32 

Bottoming  out  in  the  Presidential  race  can  pay  off  big  time 


CHINA:  What  Should  the  U.S.  Do?  36 

War  games  near  Taiwan,  human-rights  abuses,  pirating 
of  software,  an  ongoing  nuclear-weapons  program— China 
is  defying  Washington  on  many  counts.  What  should  the 
response  be?  The  strategy  that  is  in  place,  only  more  so 

SCOTLAND:  The  Monster  and  the  Innocents  44 

A  gunman  runs  amuck,  and  a  small  town  is  scarred  forever 


CORPORATE  WELFARE:  Why  Subsidies  Survive  46 

In  an  election  year.  Congress  has  surrendered  in  the  battle 
for  reform 

TOBACCO:  A  Breach  in  the  Wall 47 

If  one  company  settles  a  suit,  can  the  others  be  far  behind? 

RETAILING:  Luxury's  Gaudy  Times  48 

The  rich  are  flaunting  it  again,  to  the  delight  of  upscale  stores 


COVER:  Can  Machines  Think?  50 

They  already  do,  if  Deep  Blue's  chess  prowess  is  any 
indication,  and  that  has  created  something  of  an  identity 
crisis  for  homo  sapiens— thinking  man.  But  just  because 
computers  process  information  doesn't  mean  they  have 
feelings,  a  sense  of  humor  or  that  intangible  quality  we  call 

Garry  Kasparov:  Close  encounter  with  a  smart  machine 55 

Artificial  Intelligence:  The  race  to  get  there  first 56 

MEDICINE:  A  Living  Miracle  60 

Joined  for  life,  the  Hansel  twins  are  a  lesson  in  cooperation 


CULTURE:  Sotheby's  sale  of  Jacqueline  Kennedy  Onassis' 

impeccably  tasteful  belongings  is  turned  into  a  rehc  hunt 66 

CINEMA:  Five  good  reasons  why  you  should  care  about  the 

Best  Editing  Oscar 68 

SHOW  BUSINESS:  Nathan  Lane  flounces  toward  stardom 70 

ART:  A  new  look  at  Corot,  the  19th  centuiy  nyr  ph  painter 

who  offers  glimpses  of  modernism 71 

BOOKS:  Stephen  L.  Carter  prescribes  a  big  dose  oi  Integrity 73 

SPORT:  The  best  horse  in  the  world  is  going  to  Dubai  to 
chase  history 75 

PEOPLE:  Sly  acting;  the  Curtis  sisters 77 

ESSAY:  Lance  Morrow  on  the  Scottish  massacre 78 

cover:  Digital  photomontage  for  Tim  f.  by  James  Porto 

TIME  (ISSN  0040-781X)  is  published  weekly  except  for  two  issues  combined  into  one  at  year-end  for  $59.94  per  year  by  Time  Inc.  Principal  Office;  Time  &  Life  Building,  i:>xkefeller  Center,  New  York,  N.Y.,  10020-1393. 
Reginald  K.  Brack  Jr.,  Chairman;  Don  Logan,  President,  CEO;  Joseph  A.  Ripp,  Treasurer;  Harry  M.  Johnston,  Secretarv.  Second-class  postage  paid  at  New  York,  New  York,  ,:iiid  at  additional  mailing  offces.  ©  1996  Time  Inc. 
All  rights  resen/ed.  Reproduction  in  whole  or  in  part  without  written  permission  is  prohibited.  TIME  and  the  Red  Border  Design  are  protected  through  trademark  registrai ion  in  the  United  States  and  in  the  foreign  countries 
where  TIME  magazine  circulates.  POSTMASTER;  Send  address  changes  to  TIME,  P  0,  Box  30501 ,  Tampa,  Florida  33530-0501 .  For  subscription  queries,  call  Custom  r  Service  at  1-800-843-TIME  D 


ROBERT  WRIGHT  is  accustomed  to  thinking 
of  the  human  mind  as  an  intricate  machine. 
He  has  long  been  fascinated  with  evolu- 
tionary psychology— a  field  that  views  the 
brain  as  a  mechanism  built  by  the  genes 
and  shaped  by  natural  selection— and  has 
written  extensively  about  it,  both  in  his 
1994  book.  The  Moral  Animal,  and  in  a 
Time  cover  story  last  August,  "Twentieth 
Century  Blues."  In  this  week's  cover  story,  contributor 
Wright  examines  the  philosophical  questions  raised  by  "arti- 
ficial intelligences"  such  as  Deep  Blue,  the  chess-playing 
computer  that  nearly  defeated  the  human  world  champion, 
Garry  Kasparov.  In  addition,  Kasparov  writes  about  the  mo- 
ment during  the  match  when  he  first  sensed  that  he  was  in 
the  presence  of  a  real,  albeit  somewhat  alien,  intelligence. 

r^^l^  CLAUDIA  WALLIS  certainly  has  plenty  to 

^^tf^JB^  *^°-  ^^^  veteran  Time  science  writer  is  the 
mother  of  three  and  the  managing  editor 
of  Time  For  Kids,  which  reaches  nearly 
800,000  fourth-,  fifth-  and  sixth-graders 
each  week.  But  she  could  not  resist  the  op- 
portunity to  tell  the  remarkable  story  this 
week  of  Abigail  and  Brittany  Hensel.  "I  had 
read  Life  magazine's  cover  story  about  the 
conjoined  twins,"  she  says,  "and  was  moved  to  tears."  Wal- 
lis  teamed  up  with  reporter  Jen  Doman,  who  befriended  the 
Hensels  last  fall  and  secured  exclusive  rights  to  their  stoiy  for 
Life.  Says  Wallis:  "She  did  a  remarkable  job  of  documenting 
one  family's  efforts  to  build  an  ordinaiy  and  happy  life  for  two 
children  born  under  extraordinary  circumstances." 

BILL  SAPORITO,  Time's  new  business  edi- 
tor, joins  us  from  our  sister  publication 
Fortune,  where  he  spent  a  decade  writ- 
ing about  corporate  takeovers  and  editing 
the  magazine's  Newstrends  section.  "The 
world  of  commerce  has  never  been  more 
complex,  or  more  important,  given  our 
shared  anxieties  about  layoffs  and  re- 
structuring," says  Saporito.  At  Fortune 
he  loved  the  fast  pace  of  Newstrends'  late-breaking  stories 
but  not  the  magazine's  fortnightly  schedule.  "It  drove  me 
crazy  to  sit  there  for  a  week  and  not  be  able  to  jump  on  a 
hot  story,"  he  says.  Now,  at  this  weekly  newsmagazine,  he 
gets  to  double  his  output  and  his  pace,  which  is  fine  with 
him  and  with  us  too. 

KAREN  TUMULTY  learned  two  years  ago 
that  Tom  Daschle  is  not  entirely  the  mild, 
cautious  politician  he  pretends  to  be.  As  a 
reporter  for  the  Los  Angeles  Times,  she 
spent  several  days  with  the  U.S.  Senator 
m  his  home  state.  South  Dakota.  Never  an 
enthusiastic  flyer,  she  was  dismayed  one 
foggy  night  to  learn  that  Daschle  had 
booked  them  onto  a  tiny  airplane.  Even 
worse,  he  let  her  know  with  a  big  grin  that  he  planned  to 
pilot  the  craft  himself.  This  week  the  tables  are  turned. 
Daschle  is  Clinton's  point  man  on  Capitol  Hill,  and  Tumulty 
is  Time's  congressional  correspondent— steering  us  through 
a  bumpy  presidential  campaign  that  will  be  waged,  by  and 
large,  inside  the  Beltway. 

He'll  be  using  a  Macintosh  personal  computer  because  a 
Macintosh  will  be  there  for  him  to  use. 

He'll  be  using  a  Macintosh  because  no  other  computer  in 
the  world  makes  it  so  easy  for  people  to  learn  and  explore 
and  discover  So  it  can  help  him  from  his  first  day 
of  school  to  his  last  day  of  college  and  througliout    ■%, 
the  rest  of  his  life. 

And  he'll  be  using  a  Macintosh  because  millions  ot 
people  like  Susan  Kohler,  a  working  mom  from  Reston, 
Virginia,  simply  wouldn't  have  it  any  other  way  :-' 

''Learning  doesn't  end  at  school"  Susan  says. 
''With  a  Macintosh  at  home.,  my  kids  can  do 
their  homework  atid  have  fun  doi?ig  it  A?idl 
can  be  involved  in  the  experience.  We  love  our  Mac" 

With  technology  changing  so  quickly,  it's  only  natural  to 
wonder  whether  the  computer  you  buy  today  will  still  be  around 
tomorrow.  That's  why  Apple  has  always  designed  Macintosh  for 
tomorrow  as  well  as  today 

Only  Macintosh  makes  it  so  easy  to  learn. 

Macintosh  WcLs  designed  to  be  the  perfect  family  computer: 
easy  to  set  up,  easy  to  learn,  easy  to  use.  And  easy  to  afford. 

If  you  have  children  in  school,  chances  are  they're  already 
using  an  Apple!  Because  more  schools  use  Apple  than  any  other 
brand  of  computer 

In  fact,  of  the  97%  of  U.S.  school  districts  using  computers,  a 
full  two-thirds  use  Apple  computers  -  three  times  more  than  our 
nearest  competitor 

More  schools  use  Apple  computers  for  multimedia.  And 
more  schools  and  universities  use  Apple  computers  for  accessing 
the  Internet.  So  bringing  a  Macintosh  home  means  you're  actually 
bringing  learning  home. 


time,  march  25, 1996 

rfnvi'iderjmjor  hileyml  a 

smiiiired.  ©19%  Affle  Comlniler.  i 

WW,  we  can't  be  sure  what  car 
or  what  music  he'll  be  listening  to. 
he'll  still  be  using  a  Macintosh. 

Of  course,  notliing  briiigs  learning 

to  life  like  the  power  of  multimedia.  Which  is  why  no 

computer  malces  it  easier  for  your  family  to  experience  and  create 

multimedia  than  Macintosh  -from  building  an  interactive  book 

report  to  editing  the  family  video  album. 

And  because  it  also  comes  with  powerful  software  to  access 
the  Internet^  exploring  cyberspace  on  a  Mac"  is  as  easy  as  pointing 
and  clicking.  Opening  up  a  whole  new  world  of  possibilities  for 
you  and  your  family 

Only  Macintosh  makes  it  so  easy  to  explore. 

The  magic  of  a  personal  computer  is  that  you  can  change 
what  it  does  simply  by  changing  the  software. 

With  over  9,000  software  titles  now  available  for  Macintosh,  that 
means  a  Mac  can  become  just  about  anything  you  want  it  to  be. 
From  a  science  lab  to  an  artist's  palette  to  a  powerful  financial  man- 
agement tool.  And  you  can  expect  to  see  thousands  more  great 
titles  coming  in  the  future. 

The  latest  multimedia  entertainment  titles.  The  most  powerful 
business  programs.  The  hottest  games.  The  most  popular  home 
office  programs.  Educational  software  galore. 

You'll  find  all  of  them  -  and  more  -  available  for  the  Macintosh. 
Only  Macintosh  makes  it  so  easy  to  grow. 

The  whole  idea  is  to  make  owning  a  computer  a  satisfying, 
enriching  experience -now,  and  for  years  to  come. 

Which  is  why  Apple's  unique  plug-and-play  pliilosophy 

makes  it  incredibly  easy  to  add  new  capabilities 

to  your  Mac  today,  tomorrow  and  even  years 

down  the  road. 

If  you  want  to  add  a  printer,  just  plug  it  in.  If  you  need  more 

storage  space,  just  plug  in  a  hard  drive.  And  so  on. 

"My  PC-using  friends  nearly  croak  when  they  see  it  all 
ivorking  perfectly.  And  no  horror  stories.  I  just  plugged  every- 
thing in"  says  Charles  Hoff,  a  father  and  Macintosh  owner  living 
in  Thousand  Oaks,  California. 

No  other  computer  makes  it  this  easy  to  grow  when  you  do. 

Only  Macintosh  is  so  well  liked. 

It  all  helps  explain  why  Apple  is  one  of  the  most  recognized  and 
loved  brands  in  the  world.  Why  brand  loyalty  to  Apple  is  the  higliest 
ill  the  industry  And  why  Apple  ranks  number  one  hi  reliability  and 
service,  requiring  less  customer  support  than  an\'  other  computer 

In  fact,  90%  of  Macintosh  owners  buy  a  M.icintosh  again  when 
making  a  second  purchase-  the  higliest  repiu'chase  rate  of  any 
computer  manufacturer 

With  56  million  people  around  the  world  firmly  committed 
to  the  Macintosh  way  of  working,  learning  and  playing,  there's  one 
thing  you  can  always  be  confident  of 

That  Apple  will  continue  to  provide  innovative  tools  and  solu- 
tions designed  to  empower  each  and  every     1       1    ^^ 
member  of  your  family  Appic  ''Hk 

Even  those  members  yet  to  come. 

5  oj  Apple  Computer.  Inc.  Mac  is  a  hmiemark  of  Apple  Computer,  Inc.  All  Machilosb  compiilers  are  desif>iie(I  to  he  aaessihle  It 

E     T    T     E     R     S 

Blowing  the  Whistle  on  Nuclear  Safety 

44  As  long  as  we  have  to  live  with 
she  threat  of  radioactive  disaster; 
nuclear  power  must  be  made  safe, 
whatever  the  cost.  55 

Natalie  Hildt 

New  London,  Connecticut 


an  eye-opener,  and  your  effort  to  address 
a  veiy  serious  problem  is  commendable 
[Business,  March  4].  My  heart  goes  out 
to  George  Betancourt,  George  Galatis 
and  the  gutsy  engineers  who  fought  the 
management  of  Northeast  Utilities. 
Kudos  to  them  for  their  selfless  devotion. 
The  role  of  the  Nuclear  Regulatory  Com- 
mission should  be  investigated.  Where 
can  people  go  if  the  regulatoiy  agency 
and  utilities  companies  collude?  How 
can  we  protect  ourselves?  It  is  time  for  a 
shake-up  of  the  nrc. 

Sudip  Guharoy 
Rancho  Mirage,  California 


Galatis  and  Betancourt  in  fighting  for 
quality  and  safety  in  the  nuclear-power 
industry  is  inspiring.  To  the  Georges,  I 
say  please  don't  give  up-you  belong 
with  the  true  heroes  of  this  countiy. 

Allan  Bazzoli 
Mount  Vernon,  Ohio 


on  the  NRC's  watch  fist  is  a  significant  and 
serious  matter,  hardly  a  "wrist  slap,"  as 
Galatis  characterized  it.  Northeast  Utili- 
ties has  already  undertaken  aggressive 
steps  to  correct  the  situation,  including  a 
total  reorganization  of  its  nuclear  group 

and  the  creation  of  a  first-ever  office  of 
nuclear  safety  and  oversight.  We  have 
pledged  to  go  beyond  the  requirements 
of  regulatory  compliance  to  earn  back 
the  public  trust  and  demonstrate  our 
passion  for  safety.  In  the  end,  our  busi- 
ness objectives  can  be  met  only  after  we 
first  satisfy  our  safety  goals  and  our 
employees'  concerns. 

Ted  C.  Feigenbaum,  Executive  Vice 

President  and  Chief  Nuclear  Officer 

Northeast  Utilities  Service  Co. 

Hartford,  Connecticut 


a  Holtec  consultant  who  reportedly  pre- 
dicted that  a  loss  of  primary  cooling  in  a 
Millstone  1  fuel  pool  could  result  in  a 
"slow  boil."  These  analyses  were  made 
for  a  wholly  artificial  and  improbable 
scenario  of  events.  Pool  temperatures  in 
the  real  world  seldom  exceed  lukewarm 
levels.  The  engineers,  technicians  and 
managers  at  Millstone  have  dedicated 
their  careers  to  coaxing  energy  from  the 
atom  because  they  believe  in  the  inher- 
ent safety  and  environmental  benefits  of 
nuclear  power.  They  deserve  your  ac- 
claim, not  your  scorn. 

Kris  P.  Singh,  President  and  CEO 

Holtec  International 

Cherry  Hill,  New  Jersey 

Stephanopoulos  on  Whitewater  Coverage 


worst  way.  And  I  did.  On  April  4, 1994,  there  I  was,  in  mug-shot 
gray,  looking  worried  over  President  Clinton's  shoulder  in  the 
Oval  Office,  underneath  an  accusing  headline:  deep  water: 

TER INVESTIGATION.  The  stoiy  wasn't  much  prettier  than  the 
picture.  The  report,  stocked  with  blind  quotes,  suggested  I  was 
steps  away  from  the  slammer  because  of  the  temper  tantrum  I 
threw  when  the  law  firm  of  Jay  Stephens,  a  Republican  former 
U.S.  Attorney  and  an  outspoken  political  opponent  of  the  Pres- 
ident, was  hired  by  the  Resolution  Trust  Corporation  to  inves- 
tigate Whitewater.  Two  years  later,  nothing  remains  of  the 
criminal  charges  leveled  against  me  by  anonymous  sources  in 
Time  except,  of  course,  my  yet-to-be  paid  legal  bills.  But 
Stephens  stayed  on  the  job.  Two  weeks  ago  his  firm  issued  its 
final  report  to  the  Federal  Deposit  Insurance  Corporation. 

Here  is  what  it  found  after  reviewing  all  the  available  evi- 
dence, including  the  billing  records  discovered  early  in  Janu- 
aiy:  Not  only  is  there  "no  reasonable  basis"  to  pursue  a  claim 
against  the  Rose  Law  Firm,  but  neither  Hillary  Clinton  nor  the 
Rose  firm  "knowingly  aided  and  abetted  a  fraud."  The  report 
z  concluded  that  Mrs.  Clinton's  share  of  the  Rose  firm's  income 
?  from  Madison  Guaranty  Trust  was  "trivial  . . .  less 
;  than  $20  a  month,"  and  that  the  1988  decision  by  the 
1  Rose  firm  to  discard  certain  records  "occurred  in  a 
f  seemingly  innocent  context,  as  part  of  a  general 

0  effort  to  discard  unneeded  files."  And  the  conspira- 
i  cy  charges  involving  Madison  Guaranty  owner 
;  James  McDougal  and  the  Rose  Law  Firm?  Nothing 
f  to  them,  says  the  report:  "It  simply  would  not  be  per- 

1  suasive  to  argue  that,  for  $21,000,  McDougal  cor- 

rupted the  Rose  Law  Firm  and  convinced  half  a  dozen  lawyers, 
most  of  whom  he  did  not  know,  to  join  him  in  a  scheme  to  vio- 
late the  law  ...  the  conspiracy  theory  is  hopelessly  flawed." 

Good  news.  But  when  I  read  Time  [March  11],  I  couldn't 
find  anything  on  Whitewater.  I  didn't  really  expect  a  cover  sto- 
17,  but  no  story  at  all?  Time  carried  eight  pages  on  the  royal 
divorce,  but  not  one  word  about  an  independent,  nonpartisan 
investigation  that  corroborated  what  President  and  Mrs.  Clin- 
ton had  said  all  along  about  the  most  serious  Whitewater-relat- 
ed charges.  Time's  attempt  at  balanced  coverage  came  last 
week.  One  sentence  on  the  Stephens  report  appeared  in  a  cov- 
er story  [Book  Excerpt,  March  18]  consisting  largely  of  recy- 
cled gossip  critical  of  the  President  and  Mrs.  Clinton.  Time's 
competitors  didn't  do  much  better.  U.S.  News  6-  World  Report 
managed  a  sentence,  and  Newsweek  buried  the  findings  in  a 
broader  story  about  Hillary's  troubles.  Of  the  major  television 
networks,  only  ABC  assigned  a  reporter  to  the  story,  but  in  the 
20  shows  Nightline  has  devoted  to  Whitewater  over  the  past  two 
years,  the  Stephens  report  has  barely  been  mentioned. 

Is  it  too  much  to  ask  that  a  serious  report  effectively  exon- 
erating the  Clintons  and  their  associates  get  more  than  a  pass- 
ing mention  in  the  nation's  press?  If  an  allegation  of  wrong- 
doing is  front-page  news,  should  not  an  apparent  vindication 
merit  equivalent  time  and  space?  Am  I  cynical  to  believe  that  a 
damning  report  would  have  received  more  atten- 
tion in  America's  newsrooms?  I  don't  think  so.  My 
instinctive  reaction  to  Stephens'  appointment  by  the 
RTC  was  dead  wrong.  His  final  report  was  thorough, 

fair  and  unbiased.  That's  more  than  can  be  said  for 

the  way  it  was  covered  by  the  national  media.  When 

it  comes  to  Whitewater,  good  news  is  no  news  at  all. 

George  R.  Stephanopoulos,  Senior  Adviser  to  the 

President  for  Policy  and  Strategy,  Washington 

time,  march  25, 1996 




You  trained  for  weeks.  Sweated  it  out. 
Pushed  hard.  Carbed  up.  All  in  preparation 
for  your  first  lOK.  But  the  inorninj;  of  the 
race,  the  pollen  count  was  off  the  chart. 
And  with  your  seasonal  nasal  allergies,  you 
thought  you  could  run  but  you  couldn't 
hide.  That's  why  you  may  need  the 
assurance  of  Seldane. 

The  Seldane  difference 

Seldane  can  give  you  relief  from  a  range 
of  major  allergy  symptoms.  Even  more 
important,  Seldane  can  give  you  all  that 
relief  while  letting  you  stay  alert*— unlike 
some  over-the-counter  remedies  that  may 
leave  you  feehng  spacey  or  drowsy.  (In 
clinical  studies,  Seldane  caused  no  more 
drowsiness  than  a  placebo  [sugar  pill].| 

Who  should  not  take  Seldane 

Seldane  isn't  for  everyone.  There  are 
risks  for  some  people.  So  read  this  message 
thoroughly  to  find  out  specifically  who 
should  not  take  Seldane. 

SELDANE  if  you  are  also  taking  the  pre- 
scription antifungal  medicines  itracona- 
zole (Sporanox®)  or  ketoconazole  (Nizoral®) 
or  the  prescription  antibiotics  eryth- 
romycin, clarithromycin  (Biaxin®),  or 
troleandomycin  (TAO®),  or  if  you  have 
liver  disease.  DO  NOT  TAKE  MORE 
THAN  the  amount  prescribed  by  your 
doctor.  Seldane  has  been  associated  with 
rare  occurrences  of  abnormal  heartbeats, 
heart  attack,  and  death  under  these 
conditions.  Please  see  unportant  additional 
mformation  on  an  adjacent  page. 

Due  to  similarities  in  the  drugs,  it  is 
also  recommended  that  the  antifungal 
drugs  fluconazole,  metronidazole,  and 
miconazole,  and  the  antibiotic 
azithromycin,  not  he  used  with  Seldane. 

Tell  your  doctor  before  taking  Seldane 
if  you  have  any  liver  or  heart  problems. 
Also,  while  using  Seldane,  tell  your  doctor 
if  you  ever  feel  faint,  become  dizzy,  or 
have  any  irregular  heartbeats. 

Do  not  use  Seldane  with  any  other 
prescription  or  nonprescription  medicine 
without  first  talking  to  your  doctor.  If  you 
become  pregnant  or  are  nursmg  a  baby, 
talk  to  your  doctor  about  whether  you 
should  take  Seldane.  Your  doctor  will 
decide  whether  you  should  take  Seldane 
based  on  the  benefits  and  risks. 

It  is  always  important  to  tell  your 
doctor  about  any  medicines  you  are  using, 
including  antifungals  and  antibiotics. 

Your  doctor  knows  what  is  best  for  you 

Because  Seldane  is  a  prescription 
medicine,  only  your  doctor,  or  other 
health  care  professional  authorized  to 
prescribe,  can  decide  if  you're  a  candidate 
for  it.  Ask  if  you  can  join  the  millions  of 
people  who  trust  their  allergies  to  Seldane. 
So  on  the  day  of  your  big  race,  you'll  know 
you  did  your  personal  best. 

To  discover  how  to  help  control  your 
seasonal  allergies  and  receive  the 
FREE,  fact-filled  allergy  newsletter, 
AllerDays,  call: 

1  800  593-3145 

(terfenadine)  60  mg  tablets 


Seasonal  Allergy  Relief  That  Lets  You  SKy  Alert 

■  In  clinical  studies  involving  over  II, 000  patients,  the  reported  incidence  of  drowsiness  with  Seldane 
(5.8%)  did  not  differ  significantly  from  placebo  (6.9%). 

'01996,  Hnechst  M.irion  Rmisscl,  Inc. 

Brief  Summary  of 

Prescribing  Information  as  of  January  f  995 



60  mg  Tablets 

















SELDANE  (terfenadine)  is  available  as  tablets  for  oral  administration  Each  tablet 
contains  60  mg  terfenadine.  Tablets  also  contain,  as  inactive  ingredients:  corn  starch, 
gelatin,  lactose,  magnesium  stearate,  and  sodium  bicarbonate 

SEL'-,         lie  relief  of  symptoms  associated  with  seasonal  allergic 

rlir  ■      ,    'I  ,™rrhea,  pruritus,  and  lacrimation, 

Ciir:  ;    '  :■■    ■    :,  .;  lu  date  have  not  demonstrated  effectiveness  of  terfenadine 


(See  WARNINGS  and  PRECAUTIONS  Drug  Interactions.) 

Terfenadine  undergoes  extensive  metabolism  in  the  liver  by  a  specific  cytochrome 
P-450  isoenzyme.  This  metabolic  patliway  may  be  impaired  in  patienis  with  hepatic 
dysfunction  (alcoholic  cirrhosis,  hepalilis)  or  who  are  taking  diugs  inch  as  ketocona- 

zole.  Itraconazole,  or  clarilhm!- "•• ;—    i„-,<— .,,^1,,  (mjcfoiide 

anhbiotics),  or  other  potent  in'i'        '  ■         .viih  this  metab- 

olism can  lead  to  elevated  led'  :)l  prolongation 

and  increased  risk  of  ventrn  i,|i-;,  de  polntes, 

ventricular  tachycardia,  and  ,    '       '    '  'imended  dose, 

SELDANE  IS  contraindicafed  lor  use  by  patients  wilh  these  conditions  (see  WARNING 
Other  patients  who  may  be  at  risk  for  these  adverse  cardiovascular  events  include 
patients  who  may  experience  new  or  increased  QT  prolongation  while  receiving 
cetlain  drugs  or  having  conditions  which  lead  to  OT  prolongation  These  include 
patienis  taking  certain  antiarrhythmics,  bepridil.  certain  psycholropics.  probucol.  or 
asfemizole,  patients  with  electrolyte  abnormalities  such  as  hypokaiemia  or  hypomag- 
nesemia,  or  faking  diuretics  with  potential  for  inducing  electrolyte  abnormalilies,  and 
patients  with  congenital  QT  syndrome  SELDANE  is  not  recommended  tot  use  by 
patienis  with  these  conditions. 

The  relationship  of  underlying  cardiac  disease  to  the  development  ol  ventricular 
tachyarrhythmias  while  on  SELDANE  therapy  is  unclear;  nonetheless,  SELDANE 
should  also  be  used  with  caution  in  these  patients, 

Patients  taking  SELDANE  should  receive  the  following  information  and  instructions. 
Antihistamines  are  prescribed  to  reduce  allergic  symptoms  Patients  should  be  advised 
to  lake  SELDANE  only  as  needed  and  NOT  TO  EXCEED  THE  PRESCRIBED  DOSE 
Patients  should  be  guestioned  about  use  of  any  other  prescription  or  over  the  counter 
medication  and  should  be  cautioned  regarding  the  potential  for  life  threatening  arrhyth 
mias  with  concurrent  use  of  keloconazole  itraconazole  clarithromycin  erythromycin 
ortnilpimluiii  i  in  PitienI  should  be  advised  to  consult  the  physician  before  concur 
iH  (ith  terfenadine  Patients  should  be  guestioned  about 

fii  I  irfing  SELDANE  therapy  since  the  drug  should  be  used 

in  It  the  potential  benefit  justifies  the  potential  risk  to  fetus 

(II  111  instructed  to  store  this  medication  in  a  tightly  closed 

III  jiay  from  heal  or  direct  sunlighl  and  away  from  children 

DruQ  Interactions 

Spontaneous  adverse  reaction  reports  of  pabents  taking  concomitant  keloconazole  with 
recommended  doses  of  fertenadmi-  dfinoiislrate  OT  mlerval  pfolnngilinn  and  rare 
senous  cardiac  events  eg  dnll        i  i        i     •  i  lini] 

torsades  de  pointf  s  Pharni  i  it 

the  metabolism  of  terfenadim  i  i 

of  unchanged  ferienadine  i    i  1 1 

OT  and  QTc  intervals  Concomitanl  aiiniuii  lialiun  ul  kelucunazule  am]  terienadiiie  is 

COIIlMllllll    1  Ii' 

1    1  1  EALTIONS ) 


1            liilingflucona 

ii                           1 

1        11     J    ij  uic  concomitant 

u  Pill 'ill  1  pinrtiiil   iilhfeiftnidini  i  mil  r 

rommended  pending  full  examination 

of  potenlial  interactions 


pr/fhromycm  and  chrithiomycin  can 

exert  an  effect  on  terfenadine  metabolism  1 

that  of  keloconazole  but  to  a  lessei  e  i 


decreases  the  clearance  of  the  terfenadmr  «  i 


plasma  levels  is  still  under  investigation  A  i 


prolongation  with  ventricular  arrhythmi  i 


reported  in  patients  receiving  erythromyi  m 

mromycin  or 

ININGS  and 

genicity  Microbial  and  micronucleus  test  assays  with  terfenadine  have  revealed  no 
evidence  of  mutagenesis 

Reproduction  and  fertility  studies  in  rats  showed  no  effects  on  male  or  female  fertility 
at  oral  doses  of  up  to  2f  times  the  human  daily  dose  At  63  times  the  human  daily 
dose  there  was  a  small  but  significant  reduction  in  implants  and  at  125  times  the 
human  daily  dose  reduced  implants  and  increased  post-implantation  losses  were 
observed,  which  were  judged  to  be  secondary  to  maternal  toxicity. 
Pregnancy  Category  C 

I  I  I  iffnce  of  animal  teratogenicity  Reproduclion  studies  have  been 
,    1  111   il  doses  63  limes  and  125 times  the  human  daily  dose  and  have 

ii  I  I'  I  I  i-J  pup  weighl  gain  and  survival  when  tertenadine  was  administered 
III  mill  I   pfqmni/  and  lactation  There  are  no  adequate  and  well-controlled 
hull    III  prrqiMnf  women  SELDANE  should  be  used  during  pregnancy  only  if  the 
|i  itrniiii  bPiietil  |u  tides  the  potential  risk  to  the  fetus. 
Nonleralonenic  Effects 

SELDANE  IS  not  recommended  for  nursing  women.  The  drug  has  caused  decreased 
pup  weight  gam  and  survival  in  rats  given  doses  63  times  and  125  times  the  human 
daily  dose  throughout  pregnancy  and  lactation.  Effects  on  pups  exposed  to  SELDANE 
only  during  lactation  are  not  known,  and  there  are  no  adequate  and  well-controlled 

studies  II 


1  during  lactahon 

Safety  and  effectiveness  of  SELDANE  in  pediatric  patients  below  the  age  of  12  years 
have  not  been  established 
Cardiovascular  Adverse  Events 

Rare  reports  of  severe  cardiovascular  adverse  effects  have  been  received  which 
include  ventricular  tachyarrhythmias  (torsades  de  pointes,  ventricular  tachycardia, 
ventricular  fibrillation,  and  cardiac  arrest),  hypotension,  palpitations,  syncope,  and 
dizziness  Rare  reports  of  deaths  resulting  from  ventricular  tachyarrhythmias  have 
been  received  (see  CONTRAINDICATIONS,  WARNINGS,  and  PRECAUTIONS:  Drug 
Interactions),  Hypotension,  palpitations,  syncope,  and  dizziness  could  reflect 
undetected  ventncular  arrhythmia,  IN  SOME  PATIENTS,  DEATH,  CARDIAC  ARREST 
(See  WARNING  BOX)  Rare  reports  of  serious  cardiovascular  adverse  events  have 
been  received,  some  involving  01  prolongation  and  torsades  de  pointes,  in  apparently 
normal  individuals  without  identifiable  risk  factors:  there  is  not  conclusive  evidence  of 
a  causal  relationship  of  these  events  with  terfenadine  Although  in  rare  cases  there 
was  measurable  plasma  terfenadine,  the  implications  of  this  finding  with  respect  to 
the  variability  of  terfenadine  metabolism  in  the  normal  population  cannot  be  assessed 
wilhoul  further  study.  In  controlled  clinical  trials  in  otherwise  normal  patients  with 
rhinitis,  small  increases  in  QTc  interval  were  observed  al  doses  of  60  mg  b,l,d.  In 
studies  at  300  mg  b-i,d,  a  mean  increase  in  QTc  of  10%  (range  -i'/t  to  +30%)  (mean 
increase  of  46  msec)  was  observed. 
General  Adverse  Events 

Experience  from  clinical  studies,  including  both  controlled  and  uncontrolled  studies 
involving  more  than  2,400  patients  who  received  SELDANE,  provides  information  on 
adverse  experience  incidence  for  periods  of  a  few  days  up  to  six  months  The  usual 
dose  in  these  studies  was  60  mg  twice  daily,  but  in  a  small  number  of  patients,  the 
dose  was  as  low  as  20  mg  twice  a  day,  or  as  high  as  600  mg  daily 
In  controlled  clinical  studies  using  the  recommended  dose  of  60  mg  b  id ,  the 
incidence  of  reported  adverse  effects  in  patients  receiving  SELDANE  was  similar  to 
that  reported  in  patients  receiving  placebo,  (See  Table  below) 

Adverse  Events  ReponeH  in  Clinical  Trials 

Percent  of  Patients  Reporting 

Controlled  Studies' 

All  Clinical  Studies" 






Adverse  Event 






Central  Nervous  System 






























Appetite  Increase 





Gastrointestinal  System 

Gastrointestinal  Distress 

(Abdominal  distress, 
Nausea,  Vomiting, 

Change  in  bowel  habits) 






Eye,  Ear,  Nose,  and  Throat 

Dry  Mouth/Nose/Throat 












Sore  Throat 













Eruption  (including  rash 

and  urticaria)  or  itching 






■  Duration  of  treatment  in  'CONTROLLED  STUDIES'  was  usually  7-14  days 

■  •     Duration  of  treatment  in  'ALL  CLINICAL  STUDIES'  was  up  to  6  months. 

"•  CONTROL  DRUGS:  Chlorpheniramine  (291  patients).  d-Chlorpheniramine  (189 

patients).  Clemastine  (146  pabents) 
In  addition  to  the  more  frequent  side  effects  reported  in  clinical  trials  (see  Table), 
adverse  effects  have  been  reported  at  a  lower  incidence  in  clinical  trials  and/or  sponta- 
neously during  marketing  of  SELDANE  that  warrant  listing  as  possibly  associated  with 
drug  administration  These  include:  alopecia  (hair  loss  or  thinning),  anaphylaxis, 
angioedema,  bronchospasm,  confusion,  depression,  galactorrhea,  insomnia,  menstrual 
disoiders  (including  dysmenorrhea),  musculoskeletal  symptoms,  nightmares,  pares- 
thesia, photosensitivity,  rapid  flare  of  psoriasis,  seizures,  sinus  tachycardia,  sweating, 
thrombocytopenia,  tremor,  urinary  frequency,  and  visual  disturbances. 
In  clinical  trials,  several  instances  of  mild,  or  in  one  case,  moderate  transaminase  eleva- 
tions were  seen  in  patients  receiving  SELDANE,  Mild  elevations  were  also  seen  in 
placebo  treated  patients.  Marketing  experiences  include  isolated  reports  of  jaundice, 
cholestatic  hepatitis,  and  hepatitis.  In  most  cases  available  information  is  incomplete, 

Information  concerning  possible  overdosage  and  its  treatment  appears  in  the  full 
prescribing  information 

potential  interaction  c 

One  tablet  (60  mg)  twice  daily  for  adults  and  pediatric  patients  12  years  and  older 
Drug  Inferachons) 
NOC  0068-0723-6f 

60  mg  tablets  in  bottles  of  100 
NOC  0068-0723-65 

60  mg  tablets  in  bottles  of  500, 
Tablets  are  round,  white,  and  debossed  "SELDANE"  Store  tablets  at  controlled  room 
temperature  (59-86°F)  (15-30°C),  Protect  from  exposure  to  temperatures  above 
f04°F(40°C)  and  moisture 
Prescribing  Information  as  ol  January  1995 
Merrell  Dow  Pharmaceuticals  Inc, 
Subsidiary  of  Marion  Merrell  Dow  Inc, 
Kansas  City,  MO  641 14 
U,S,  Patent  4,254,129, 
Other  patent  applications  pending, 


try  has  failed  and  that  the  time  has  come 
for  a  complete  energy  transition  in  this 
country.  We  have  the  technology  and  the 
ability  to  use  renewable  energy.  The 
risks  are  too  great  not  to  change. 

Kathryn  Herzog 
Minneapolis,  Minnesota 


the  problem  of  storing  spent  fuel  rods: 
"The  Federal  Government  has  never 
created  a  storage  site  for  high-level 
radioactive  waste."  Why  not?  Who  are 
the  villains?  It  is  we  the  people,  along 
witli  our  elected  representatives.  Several 
sites  have  been  identified  as  candidates 
for  nuclear-waste  storage,  but  the  wide- 
spread "not  in  my  backyard"  attitude 
has  stopped  development  of  the  waste- 
storage  sites  for  more  than  20  years. 

Stephen  A.  Hodgson,  Engineer 
Galveston,  Texas 

Cuban  Shoot-Down 


the  White  House  dropping  anti- American 
literature  [Nation,  March  4]  and  contin- 
ued to  violate  U.S.  airspace  despite 
repeated  warnings,  I  would  support 
President  Clinton's  decision  to  shoot 
them  down  in  the  same  way  Fidel  Cas- 
tro okayed  firing  on  the  planes  of  Broth- 
ers to  the  Rescue.  Am  I  the  only  Ameri- 
can who  opposes  communism  and 
Castro  but  believes  the  embargo  only 
hurts  the  Cuban  people?  Why  not  an 
embargo  against  civil-rights-violating 
communist  China? 

Karin  Anderson 
Beverly  Hills,  California 


the  Cuban  people  is  Castro  himself.  He  is 
the  imperialist  one. 

Alina  Brouwer  and  Pedro  Rivero 
Kingston,  Jamaica 


one,  even  if  the  politics  differ.  If  Brothers 
to  the  Rescue  wants  to  be  part  of  Castro's 
demise,  it  should  take  action  within 
Cuba,  instead  of  tiying  to  manipulate  the 
foreign  policy  of  the  U.S. 

Marie  Tagenius 
Los  Angeles 

Buchanan's  Plans 


and  economic  protectionism  [Nation, 
March  4]  are  out  of  synch  with  today's 
global  economy.  His  policies,  such  as 
scrapping  the  Nortli  American  Free  Trade 
Agreement,  would  hurt  the  constituency 
he  claims  to  represent:  the  working  class. 

Americans  are  much  smarter  than 
Buchanan  gives  tliem  credit  for,  and  they 
will  expose  tliis  man  for  what  ho  realK'  is, 
a  pandering  opportunist. 

Maurice  Basldivhc 
Moncton.  Neiv  Iviinsivirk 


trade  with  other  countries  would  be 
dependent  on  dieir  allowing  us  the  same 
access  to  Uieir  markets  that  we  give  them 
to  ours.  Second,  Buchanan  sends  a  mes- 
sage to  those  corporate  entities  that 
would  take  their  manufacturing  activi- 
ties south  into  the  world  of  $2-an-hour 
labor.  His  message:  if  you  go  south,  find 
a  new  market  for  your  goods.  Neither  of 
tliose  ideas  conjures  up  visions  of  a  wall 
around  the  U.S.,  except  to  those  who  are 
taking  advantage  of  the  lack  of  protec- 
tion our  businesses  have  or  those  who 
would  desert  their  employees  to  main- 
tain the  key  to  the  executive  washroom. 
John  L.  Brown 
Hollister,  Missouri 


what  is  even  more  frightening  is  the  ele- 
ment that  has  given  him  these  primary 
victories.  Deliver  us  from  this  evil! 

Samuel  B.  Sutton 
New  York  City 

Good  Pat,  Bad  Pat? 

Our  story  "The  Case 
Against  Buchanan" 
[Nation,  March  4] 
prompted  a  few 
readers  to  come  up 
with  some  historical 
notes.  Rodrigo  F. 
Sanchez,  13,  of  Menomonee  Falls, 
Wisconsin,  went  so  far  as  to  liken 
the  Republican  presidential  candi- 
date to  Robespierre,  the  French 
revolutionary  leader  who  conducted 
the  Reign  of  Terror.  "Buchanan's 
waging  popular  hell  on  Washington 
and  the  executives  of  corporate 
America,"  wrote  Sanchez,  "reminds 
me  of  Robespierre's  endless 
rhetoric  against  the  bourgeoisie 
who  preyed  upon  France's 
greatness."  Sanchez  noted,  howev- 
er, that  "when  Robespierre  went 
beyond  the  boundaries,  the  French 
people  turned  against  him."  Robert 
de  Castro  of  Bridgewater,  New  Jer- 
sey, was  concerned  that  Buchanan's 
ideas  would  head  the  U.S.  into 
history  in  the  wrong  sense.  "While 
the  rest  of  the  world  prepares  for 
the  21st  century,"  commented  De 
Castro,  "Buchanan  would  have  us 
get  ready  for  the  19th." 




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case  against  a  corporate  agenda  that 
treats  employees  like  unwanted  chattel. 
Buchanan  has  struck  a  chord.  May  it 
soon  become  a  chorus! 

David  Greene 
Hamilton,  Ontario 

The  Values  Candidate 


dential  contenders  [Nation,  March  4] 
battled  in  our  state,  citizens  tuned  out 
the  talk  and  watched  the  walk.  On  the 
same  day  that  Bob  Dole  met  homeless 
families  at  a  church-run  program, 
Buchanan  traveled  to  Mount  Rushmore 
to  declare  that  he  was  checking  to  see  if 
there  was  space  for  his  likeness  on  the 
mountain.  Who  is  the  values  candidate? 
Larry  Brendtro 
Lennox,  South  Dakota 

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IMF.,  MARCH  2.5 


The  Chevy  Astro  LT  is  not  your  average  kiddie  carrier.  It's  also  a  Chevy  Truck.  And  like  every  other  Chevy  Truck,  it's  one  tough  cookie. 

Astro  has  rock-solid  unibody  construction,  rear-wheel  drive  and  the  power  of  a  190-hp  Vortec  4300  V6  with  SFI.  And  it  can  out-tow  most 

front-wheel-drive  minivans  by  a  full  ton  or  more.'  But  because  we  know  the  true  test  of  toughness  comes  in  the  form  of  sweet, 

freckle-faced  cherubs,  we  also  gave  Astro  a  new  interior  with  our  standard  Scotchgard™  Fabric  Protector.  There  are  also  dual  air  bags,  up  to 

nine  cup  holders,  and  things  to  keep  the  little  terrors  out  of  trouble  like  reading  lamps,  a  place  to  play  board  games  —  even  rear 

seat  stereo  controls  are  available.  After  all,  kids  will  be  kids.  But  fortunately  for  grown-ups,  Chevy  Trucks  will  be 

Chevy  Trucks.  The  most  dependable,  longest-lasting  trucks  on  the  road.* 

Chevy    Astro 


For  a  free  product  brochure  call  1-800-950-2438.  *When  properly  equipped   includes  passengers,  equipment  and  cargo.  Excludes  other  GM  products   rDependability  based  on  longevity    1985-1994  full-line  ligtit-duty 
truck  company  registrations.  Excludes  other  GM  divisions  The  Chevrolet  Emblem  and  Astro  are  registered  trademarks  and  Chevy  and  Vortec  are  trademarks  of  the  GM  Corp  ©1995  GM  Corp,  All  Rights  Reserved.  Buckle  up.  Americai 

It  prints. 

It  copies. 

(It  does  not,  unfortunately,  monitor  taste.) 

Introducing  the  first  color  printer-copier  The  HP  CopyJet. 

Look  at  the  vivid  color.  Look  at  the  flawless 
reproduction.  Don't  look  at  the  hat.  What's 
important  is  that  the  new  CopyJet  gives  you 
the  quality  you'd  expect  from  an  HP  color 
printer,  and  it  has  the  full  functionality  of 
d»Q  yl  r\pr*  a  color  copier.  Besides  the 
^^^tJtJ   departmental  convenience, 

"Estimaled  U.S.  retail  price.  Actual  price  may  vary.  tWith  Adobe  PostScript®  Adobe  PostScri| 

the  CopyJet  is  easy  to  operate  and  uses  plain 
paper  If  the  whole  department  needs  color 
printing  and  copying,  there's  the  network- 
ready  HP  CopyJet  M,  for  *3199.  That's  just 
a  fraction  of  the  money  you  won't  have  to 
spend  for  color  copies.  Which  will  make  you 
look  good,  no  matter  what  you're  wearing. 

trademark  of  Adobe  Systems 



EDITOR-IN-CHIEF:  Niunian  Poarlstino 

EDITOR  OF  NEW  MEDIA:  Paul  Sagail 


;  Reginald  K.  Brack  Jr. 
PRESIDENT,  CEO:  Don  Logan 


Foumlcis-:  Brilon  lUuMvn  I K)S- 1929  Henry  R.  Luce  1898-1967 

MANAGING  EDITOR:  Waller  Isaacson 


EXECUTIVE  EDITORS:  lose  M.  Ferrer  III,  John  R  Stacks 

ASSISTANT  MANAGING  EDITORS:  liinlli.  AWnger,  Stephen  Koepp,  Christopher  Portertield 

EDITOR  AT  LARGE;  Kdislen  Pragor 


REGIONAL  EDITORS:  Charles  P,  Alexander  (Deputy,  lull '    '     ■  ' '  "ir.on  (Asia),  Christopher  Redman  (Europe),  Ken  Edwards  (South  Pacific) 

SENIOR  EDITORS:  Lee  Ailkeii,  Howdid  ChiM  I  >i  -     ■  ■-'it iliteiM  Doiion  (Research),  Philip  Elmer-DeWitt,  Nancy  Gibbs, 

Riur  II  Hi.',  r.     ■!,  "v.! .     ,       .,,'.,  ,; R.I    ,  r  1  i!iir:,i,ii.  Bill  Saporito 

ART  DIRECTOR;   '  PICTURE  EDITOR;  Mi  '         ilnphenSOO 


SENIOR  WRITERS:  Margaret  C.-iil'.>i:    ,„    .  ,  ,',  ,  ly,  John  Greenwald,  Robert  Hughes,  Michael  Krantz, 

Richard  Lacayo.  Enk  Larson,  Michael  D  Ll -  ji :',-,  .j  „l  :,'ji  „,\,  l,.,,l  ,',  ,'.■:.:,  L,. ;  jj,„,,  ;.':  :ijii  ^  .l  :i  ,  i'li  jiiiolowe.  Richard  Stengel,  David  Van  Biema,  James 

Walsh,  Steve  Wiilf,  Richard  Zoglin 
STAFF  WRITERS:  Ginia  Bellafante,  Christopher  John  Farley,  Kevin  Fedarko,  Christine  Gorman,  Belinda  Luscombe,  Thomas  McCarioll,  Emily  Mitchell,  Joshua  Quittner, 

Barbara  Rudolph,  Anastasia  Toutcxis 
CONTRIBUTORS:  Bonnie  Angelo,  Robert  Ball.  Bill  Barol,  Laurence  I.  Barrett,  Jesse  Birnbaum,  Nina  Burleigh,  Jay  Cocks,  Barbara  Ehrenreich,  John  Elson,  Jett  Greenfield, 

nril  fCopy  Coordinators); 

ting  Editor),  Leon  Jarotf,  Gregory  Jaynes,  IVIichael  Kinsley,  Charles  Krauthammer,  James  Kunen,  Brad  Leithauser,  Eugene  Linden, 
latthewMillei  C     '    '  '    /iTickPainton,  John  Rothchild,  Betty  Satterwhite  Sutter  (Letters  Editor),  Richard  Schickel,  Walter  Shapiro,  R.Z.Sheppard,  John  Skow, 

Anthoin      ,'     ; :  -         'ii'i.ity,  George  M.Taber,  Andrew  Tobias,  Lisa  H.TowIe,  Calvin  Trillin,  Garry  Trudeau,  Rod  Usher,  Michael  Walsh,  Robert  Wright 
ASSISTANT  EDITORS;    :  ,u!a  Nadasdy  de  Gallo,  Andrea  Dorfman,  Tam  Martinides  Gray,  Brigid  O'Hara-Forster,  Ariadna  Victoria  Rainert,  William  Tynan, 
Sidney  U.,  i  -  '    •     ,     '  ■    -I  (Department  Heads);  Bernard  Baumohl,  David  Bjerklie,  Val  Castronovo,  Oscar  Chiang,  Mary  McC.  Femandez,  Lois  Gilman, 
Georgia  Harbison,  Ratii  Kamlani,  Valene  Johanna  Marchant,  Adrianne  Jucius  Navon,  Sue  Raffety,  Susan  M,  Reed,  Elizabeth  Rudulph,  Susanna  Washburn,  Linda  Young 
REPORTERS:  Elizabeth  L  Bland,  Hannah  Bloch,  Barbara  Burke,  Tom  Curry,  Julie  K.L.  Dam,  Leslie  Dickstein,  Tamala  M.  Edwards,  Kathryn  Jackson  Fajlon, 

"tadi,  Alice  Pari 
,  David  E  Thigpen 


ii'ti  Kales,  Sharon  Kapnick, 

Weiss  (Copy  Editors) 

^  Perman,  Michael  Qiiin 
COPY  DESK:  ".irS^^^  riif"-'';  Pt,-   '■■.J|'^ 
Minda  Bikma-i,  ['"•     ■-■   ■■  .  -'      '  •■■ 
ClaireKnopi  ,     ,  ' 

CORRESPONDENTS:  ,     ,  !    ) 

Chief  Political  Correspondent;   ,1    I  '-   K-  iiih '  Washington  Contributing  Editor:  Mil     il  ,  National  Political  Correspondent:  Michael  Duffy 

Senior  Foreign  Correspondent:  Johanna  McGeary  Senior  Correspondents:  Jonathan  Beaty.  Jeffrey  H,  Birnbaum,  j,  Madeleine  Nash,  Richard  N,  Osfling, 

Michael  Riley  National  Correspondents:  Margot  Homblower,  Jack  E,  White  Diplomatic  Correspondent:  Dean  Fischer  Washington:  Dan  Goodgame, 

Ann  Blackman,  James  Carney,  John  F  Dickerson,  J  F  0  McAllister,  Viveca  Novak,  Elaine  Shannon,  Ann  M.  Simmons.  Lewis  M,  Simons,  Mark  Thompson,  Karen  Tumulty, 

Douglas  Waller,  Adam  Zagorin,  Melissa  August  New  York:  Edward  Barnes,  William  Dowell,  Sharon  E,  Epperson.  Marguerite  Michaels.  Elaine  Rivera.  Jenifer  Mattes 

Boston:  Sam  Allis  Chicago:  James  L,  Graff.  Wendy  Cole,  Elizabeth  Taylor  Detroit:  William  A.  McWhirter  Atlanta:  Adam  Cohen  Austin:  S  C,  Gwynne  Miami:  Cathy 

Booth,  Tammerlin  Drummond  Los  Angeles:  Jordan  Bonfante.  Patnck  E,  Cole.  Elaine  Lafferty.  Jeanne  McDowell.  Sylvester  Monrae.  Jeffrey  Ressner. 

James  Willwerth.  Richard  Woodbury  San  Francisco:  David  S,  Jackson 

Europe:  James  0  Jackson  London:  Barry  Hillenbrand  Paris:  Thomas  Sancton  Brussels:  Jay  Branegan.  Larry  Gurwin  Bonn:  Bruce  van  Voorst  Central  Europe: 

Massimo  Calabresi  Moscow:  John  Kohan,  Sally  B,  Donnelly  Rome:  Greg  Burke  Istanbul:  James  Wilde  Middle  East:  Lara  Marlowe  (Beirut).  Lisa  Beyer  (Jerusalem). 

Scott  MacLeod  (Pans)  Nairobi:  Andrew  Purvis  South  Africa:  Peter  Hawthorne  New  Delhi:  Dick  Thompson  Beijing:  Jaime  A,  FlorCruz  Hanoi:  Frank  Gibney  Jr 

Hong  Kong:  Sandra  Burton,  John  Colmey  Tokyo:  Edward  W,  Desmond  Ottawa:  Gavin  Scott  Latin  America:  Laura  Lopez 

Bureau  Administration:  Susan  Lynd,  Susanna  Schrobsdortf,  Sheila  Chamey.  Donald  N,  Collins,  Corliss  M,  Duncan,  Ann  V  King.  Anne  0,  Moffett.  Sharon  Roberts, 

Judith  R,  Stoler  News  Desks:  Pamela  H  Thompson.  Brian  Doyle.  Anderson  Fils-Aime.  Eileen  Harkin,  Alexander  Smith.  Diana  Tollerson.  Mary  Wormley 

ART:  Depubes;  Sharon  Okamoto  (U.S).  Jane  Frey  (Intemahonal);  Linda  Louise  Freeman  (Covers); 

Steve  Conley.  Jamie  Elsis.  Susan  Langholz.  Thomas  M.  Miller.  Janet  Parker  (Associate  Art  Directors);  Joseph  Aslaender.  Kenneth  B,  Smith  (Assistant  Art  Directors); 

Victoria  Nightingale.  Ron  Flyman.  Leah  M,  Purcell,  Edel  Rodriguez  (Designers)  Maps  and  Charts:  Joe  Lertola  (Associate  Graphics  Director);  Paul  J.  Pugliese  (Chief  of 

Cartography);  Kathleen  Adams.  Steven  D.  Hart.  Deborah  L  Wells 

PHOTOGRAPHY:  Richard  L.  Boeth.  MaryAnne  Colon.  Hillary  Raskin  (Deputy  Picture  Editors);  Julia  Richer.  Robert  B.  Stevens.  Eleanor  Taylor.  Karen  Zakrison  (Associate  Picture 

Editors).  Branwen  Latimer.  Gary  Roberts.  Cnstina  T  Scalet.  Nancy  Smith-Alam.  Mane  Tobias  (Assistant  Editors)  Traffic:  Ames  Adamson,  Jon  Abbey.  Christina  Holovach 

Bureaus:  Martha  Bardach.  Paul  Durrant,  Leny  Heinen.  Stanley  Kayne,  Barbara  Nagelsmith,  Anni  Rubinger,  Mark  Rykoff,  Mary  Thompson,  Simonetta  Toraldo  Photographers: 

Fon'est  Anderson,  Terry  Ashe,  P,F,  Bentley,  William  Campbell,  Greg  Davis,  Oirck  Halstead,  Barry  Iverson,  Kenneth  Jarecke,  Cynthia  Johnson,  Shelly  Katz, 

Steve  Liss,  Peter  (Vlagubane,  Christopher  Morris,  Robin  Moyer,  Carl  Mydans,  James  Nachtwey,  Robert  Nickelsberg,  David  Rubinger,  Anthony  Suau,  Ted  Thai,  Diana  Walker 


SPECIAL  PROJECTS  EDITOR:  Barrett  Seaman  DESIGN  DIRECTOR:  Janet  Waegel 

TIME  ONLINE:  Janice  Castro  (Senior  Editor),  Robertson  Barrett  (Deputy  Editor);  Peter  Meyer  (News  Editor);  Morris  Barrett,  Mark  Coatney,  Chris  Hart-Nibbrig  (Writers); 

Jay  Colton  (Picture  Editor);  Sara  Golding  (Assistant  Art  Director);  Waits  L  May  III  (Manager) 

MAKEUP:  Robyn  M  Mathews  (Chief) 

s  Basciano,  Chris  Caratzas  (Managers);  Annmane  Baldelli,  Peter  Farrell,  Jackie 

hief);  Alison  E  Ruffley  (Intemahonal  Makeup  Editor);  Kris  Basciano,  Chris  Caratzas  (Managers);  An 

Fernandez,  Betsy  Hill,  Colm  O'Malley,  Adam  Redfield.  Loretta  Rogers.  Lynn  Ross.  Caroline  Schaefer 

EDITORIAL  OPERATIONS:  Peter  Meirs  (Deputy  Production  Manager).  Anne  Considine  (Asst.  Manager);  Peter  K.  Niceberg  (Applications).  Gerard  Abrahamsen. 

Trang  Ba  Chuong.  Raphael  Joa.  Theresa  Kelliher.  Louella  Rufino  Armstrong  (Supervisors);  Steven  Cadicamo.  Charlotte  Coco.  Silvia  Castaiieda  Contreras,  Michael  Dohne. 

John  Dragonetti.  Osmar  Escalona.  Paul  Gettinger,  Garry  Heame,  Therese  Hurter,  Carl  Leidig,  Sandra  Maupin,  Linda  Parker,  Mark  P,  Polomski,  Lois  Rubenstein,  Richard 

Shaffer,  Michael  Skinner,  David  Spatz.  Lorn  Stenton.  Paul  White 

PRODUCTION:  Stephen  R,  Best  (International  Operations  Director);  Joe  Eugenie.  Tracy  Kelliher  (Managers);  Jackie  Daniels.  Sherry  Gamlin.  Patrick  Hickey.  Angle  Licausi. 

Meghan  Milkowski,  Lauren  Planit.  Patty  Stevens.  Craig  Stinehour.  Juanita  Weems 
TECHNOLOGY:  Maureen  Kelly  (Director);  Ken  Baierlein  (Associate),  David  Richardson  (Manager),  Andrew  Oyer,  David  C.  Forte,  Nora  Jupiter,  Kevin  Kelly,  George  Mendel. 

Michael  M,  Sheehan.  Lamarr  Tsufura 
HEADQUARTERS  ADMINISTRATION:  Alan  J,  Abrams,  Denise  Brown,  Breena  Clarke,  Elena  Falaro,  Helga  Halaki,  Grace  Hunter,  Marilyn  V  S,  McClenahan,  Barbara 
Milberg,  Rudi  Papui,  Elliot  Ravetz,Teresa  D.  Sedlak.  Marianne  Sussman.  Raymond  Violini.  Miriam  Winocour.  Carrie  A.  Zimmerman 
■  Harmon,  Morgan  Krug  (Domestic);  Camille  Sanabria  (News  Service).  ■ ' 
Nadine  Candemeres  (Manager),  Bill  Holtmeyer,  Chris  Marcantonio 

TIME  INC.  EDITORIAL  SERVICES:  Sheldon  Czaonik  (Director);  Claude  Boral  (General  Manager);  Thomas  E,  Hubbard  (Photo  Lab);  Lany  Walden  McDonald 

(Library);  Beth  Bencini  Zaicone  (Picture  Collechon);  Thomas  Smith  (Technology);  Maryann  Kornely  (Syndication) 

TIME  INC.  EDITORIAL  TECHNOLOGY:  Paul  Zazzera  (Vice  President);  Dennis  Chesnel 

PRESIDENT:  E  Bruce  Hallett 

PUBLISHER:  lirkHaire 

GENERAL  MANAGER:  Karen  Magee 

VICE  PRESIDENT:  Ki'iineth  Godshall 

ASSOCIATE  PUBLISHER:  Richard  A  Raskopf 

PUBLIC  AFFAIRS  DIRECTOR:  Robert  Pondiscio 

CONSUMER  MARKETING:  William  Furlong  Jr,.  Paul  Masse.  Lisa  Quiroz.  Nancy  Rachman,  Timothy  D,  Twerdahl  (Directors);  Robert  Goff.  Ellen  Hodo.  Wendy  Metzger. 

Irene  Schachter.  Christine  Shappell.  Herta  Siegrist.  Greg  A,  Sutter.  Nanette  Zabala  (Managers);  Roseanne  Edie.  Knsty  Lo  Russo.  Nicole  Market.  Holley  Vantrease. 

Andrew  Winston 

ADVERTISING  SALES:  Headquarters;  irJ-  ".'  .-"M-.rrr-  Atlanta;  'ihi  "r!-r-  'f,--n,r'-'  Boston;  Hn  l^r-  if-^-.r'T  H^-  ';'',ii:-hrr"v Chicago:  Kathy  Kayse 

(Manager),  R.T ',"  ■   .■.  .  '  ■  Dallas;'    •  i   ' '   ,  ',' —      Detroit;'    '  ,'      .''■■,.     •,■■-'--    ';    ■■   --,  ■  "  ■  •  Los  Angeles; 

MattTurck(Mar,i  .     ',•-•     ■■',■.      •     ,    New  York:  ■        ,      ,      ,  ,    mjn  Carter. 

■.,',!;  ■   '■  :  I  ,  Sail  Francisco:  ■  Wastiington:  '■ 

ADMINISTRATION:  Headquarters:  F',,-:  Hii,.,.  LH.i  .i^  li;,  i.i.ii^-',',  'n  i;y  f  ,,'i' i ,' •■j'- Atlanta:  i  ni'.'Mli  n  ■■(  Boston:  I': - 

Walter  Chicago:  Barbara  Henkei,  Nicole  Wood  Dallas:  Beth  Singer  Detroit:  Monica  Oelise,  Jaii  Eggiy  Los  Angeles:  Monica  Mallen  Benson, 
Sabrina  Vargas  New  York:  Addie  Boemio,  Jane  Cole,  Susan  Considine,  Marie  DiFioie,  Renee  Geathers,  Tanya  Tarek  San  Francisco:  Sheila  Phillips  Washington: 

Charlotte  Gay 

MARKETING:  David  Becker,  Alison  Collins,  Katherine  Oouvres,  Susan  Federspiel,  Liza  Greene,  Nini  Gussenhoven,  Jennie  Hunnewell.  Kelly  Keane,  Nancy  Kearney, 

Matt  Sterling  (Managers),  Betty  Barth,  Teresa  Belmonte,  Scott  Einhorn,  Jill  Goldring,  Joe  Johnson,  Mikel  Magee,  Wendy  Olesen,  Paton  Roth,  Trish  Ryan-Sacks,  Cynthia  Shauck, 

Mary  Shaw,  Susan  Sklar,  Tom  Taganello,  Andrea  Wagner 

BUSINESS  OFFICE:  Karen  Maikisch-Markle,  Gail  Portier,  Marilynda  Kelly  Vianna  (Managers);  Patti  Brasfield,  Anita  Cordani,  Jane  Hayes.  Ruth  Hazen. 

Nancy  Mangieri.  Aston  Wright 

LETTERS:  Amy  Musher  (Chief).  Gloria  J  Hammond  (Deputy);  Robert  Gushing.  Soma  Figueroa.  Winston  Hunter.  Marian  Powers.  Edith  Rosa. 

Patrick  Smith.  Alex  Tresniowski 

LEGAL:  Rohm  Bierstedt.  Robin  Rabie 

HUMAN  RESOURCES:  Joan  Dauria,  Peter  Reichman 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 

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iiEvil  visited  us  yesterday, 
and  we  don't  know  why.f  T 

—Rati  Taylor,  headmaster 

of  the  school  in  Scotland 

where  a  gunman  slaughtered 

16  children  and  their  teacher 

UVm  a  Muslim  first  and  a 
Muslim  last.  My  duty  is  to  my 
creator,  not  to  nationalistic 

Denver  Nuggets  on  not  stand- 
ing for  the  natioruil  anthem 

iiWe  have  become  in  the 
eyes  of  the  Palestinian 
masses  an  ugly  copy  of  the 
Israeli  occupation,  and  it 
won't  be  long  before  we  see 
one  Palestinian  shooting  at 
another  Palestinian  in  a 
police  or  military  uniform.  T? 
—A  senior  security  officer 
in  Yasser  Arafat's 
Palestinian  Authority 

iiW  it  helps  to  make  people 
think  a  little  bit  more  what 
those  ideals  are,  then  I'll 
keep  wearing  this  uniform.  T? 

—Ousted  Trekkie-garbed 

alternate  Whitewater  juror 

Barbara  Adams  on  the  star  ship 

virtues  of  peace  and  inclu^on 

Winners  &  Losers 



Houston's  star  immigrant  is  cast  as  the  "good 
Muslim"  to  Abdul-Raufs  "bad  IVIuslim" 


America's  favorite  pastime  has  long  had  a 
quiet  answer:  stay  in  the  dugout  till  it's  over 


Now  her  shrieking  rendition  of  the  anthem  at 
that  Padres  game  doesn't  seem  quite  so  bad 


He  finally  compromises  with  the  N.B.A.,  but 
forget  a  Wheaties  box — and  the  Dream  Team 


Taking  away  a  man's  living  just  for  refusing  to 
slouch  and  scratch  himself  like  everyone  else? 


All  this  might  have  been  avoided  if  only  it  were 
a  singable  tune — o\  America  the  Beautiful 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 


Bill's  Nemesis:  Nader? 


obstacle  to  re-election  is  Bob  Dole, 
think  again.  Judging  by  the  volume 
of  back-channel  contacts,  some 
Democrats  are  more  concerned 
about,  of  all  people,  Ralph  Nader. 
The  sometimes  loopily  ascetic 
consumer  crusader,  who  plans  to 
run  for  the  presidency  as  the  candi- 
date of  the  Green  Party,  told  Time 
he  has  been  ap- 
proached by  sever- 
al worried  Demo- 
§  In/WlSr^iL      cratic  bigwigs, 

including  members 
of  Congress  and 
their  staff  mem- 
bers. Reason:  the 
latest  Field  Poll  in  California  shows 
Nader  drawing  6%  of  the  vote, 
which  in  a  tight  race  might  deprive 
Chnton  of  a  victory  in  that  must- 
win  state.  Says  Bill  Press,  the  state's 
former  Democratic  Party  chair- 
man: "Historically,  elections  are 
won  in  California  by  three  to  five 
percentage  points,  so  [Nader]  could 
be  the  margin  of  difference.  A  vote 
for  Nader  is  a  vote  for  Bob  Dole." 

Nader  laughs  at  the  notion  that 
he  might  bow  out  to  help  Clinton. 
He  considers  Clinton  pro-corporate 
America,  anti-consumer  protection 
and  as  averse  to  campaign-finance 
reform  as  any  Republican.  Besides, 
Nader  adds,  "it's  hard  to  be  a  spoil- 
er in  a  system  that  is  spoiled  to  its 
core."  He's  already  in  next  week's 
California  primary. 

The  White  House  is  taking 
Nader  seriously,  even  though  he 
has  not  formally  said  he  will  run 
in  November.  When  Jesse  Jack- 
son decided  not  to  challenge 
Clinton  in  the  primaries,  most 
Clinton  advisers  thought  they 
could  move  the  President  to  the 
right  with  impunity.  No  longer. 
Says  White  House  counselor  Bill 
Curry:  the  Nader  candidacy  "is  a 
bad  thing." 

Nader  is  more  interested  in 
spreading  his  message  than  win- 
ning. He  is  raising  no  money  and 
intends  to  spend  less  than  $5,000 
from  his  own  pocket,  foreseeing  a 
campaign  of  video-  and  audio- 
cassettes.  Still,  Republicans  are  ex- 
cited aboui  his  prospects.  Says 
G.O.P.  pollst.n-  Bill  Mclnturff:  "The 
Greens  are  n  /  favorite  little  splin- 
ter party."    — £V  Jeffrey  H.  Birnbaum 


Margaret  Carlson 

Household  Finance 

Whitewater  will  never  be  a  mini-series— too  much  trailer  park,  too  few  Gulf- 
streams  jetting  to  private  islands,  amounts  in  the  low-six  rather  than  high-sev- 
en figures,  and  a  low  quotient  of  hunks.  That  may  explain  why  Democrats,  who 
last  May  joined  a  96-3  vote  authorizing  the  ethically  challenged  Senator  Alfonse 
D'Amato  to  chair  the  Whitewater  Committee,  now  are  holding  firm  against  an 
open  extension  of  the  hearings.  After  eight  months  there's  no  smoking  gun,  no 
smoking  anything,  just  a  simmering  stew  of  subdivided  Ozark  property  vWth- 
out  sewer  lines  and  endless  minutiae  about  closing  costs  and  mortgage  points. 
No  one  knows  the  protagonists— imagine  trying  to  cast  the  pudgy  David  Hale, 
a  confessed  felon  and  owner  of  a  failed  burial  insurance  company.  The  best  vi- 
sual from  the  first  Whitewater  trial  is  already  gone:  the  Trekkie  alternate  juror 
in  Vulcan  regalia.  The  wonder  is  that  she  was  beamed  up  at  all. 

Meryl  Streep  would  make  a  good  Hillary— excellent  at 
dramatizing  pain  in  a  marriage— but  surely  she  would  choke 
on  this  line  from  James  B.  Stewart's  Blood  Sport:  "You  can't  be 
a  woman  if  you  don't  have  children.  It's  the  central  mission  of 
women,"  which  Hillary  wouldn't  utter  at  her  most  wonkish.  In 
the  end,  it's  not  suiprising  that  Hillary,  rather  than  the  Gover- 
nor, may  have  been  more  involved  in  Whitewater.  Political 
wives  are  often  left  to  build  a  nest  egg  while  their  husbands  are     Hillary  Streep   r 
building  empires— see  Marianne  Gingrich  (who  has  taken  heat  for  career  leap-  S 
ing  horn  beauty  consultant  to  representative  of  the  Israel  Export  Development  ° 
Company)  and  Honey  Alexander  (a  deal  cutter  so  successful  she  could  do  in-  S 
fomercials  on  how  to  turn  $5,000  into  $142,000).  While  the  men  grapple  with 
macro-finances  of  the  M-1  variety,  it  falls  to  their  wives  to  micro-manage 
tuitions,  mortgages  and  iRAs.  Even  the  aggressively  un-Hillary  Elizabeth  Dole 
has  made— and  invested— much  of  the  Dole  money. 

The  wild  success  of  the  No.  3  TV  show,  Friends,  is  more  un- 
derstandable in  light  of  last  week's  Census  Bureau  report, 
which  shows  that  the  average  age  at  which  people  wed  has 
cHmbed  to  a  record  level— 26.7  for  men  and  24.5  for  women. 
Never-married  adults  now  make  up  a  quarter  of  the  over-18 
population.  That's  44.2  million  people  with  enough  free  time 
to  drink  double  their  weight  in  coffee  daily,  get  precision  hair- 
cuts that  fall  rakishly  into  the  eyes  without  totally  obstructing     Unwed  Friend 
vision,  and  watch  a  show  on  which  people  do  all  of  the  above.  When  they  do  fi- 
nally wed  maybe  the  Starbucks  generation  wiU  cause  less  pain  in  their  marriages 
than  the  yuppies  did. 

Hang  a  lamb  chop  in  the  window  and  they  will  come  used  to 
be  the  reigning  social  doctrine  in  Washington.  But  now  that 
the  new  ethics  rules  require  Senators  and  Representatives  to 
pay  their  own  way,  they  stayed  away  in  droves  from  Placido 
Domingo's  gala,  which  raised  $2.6  million  for  the  Washing- 
ton Opera  last  Sunday.  Colin  Powell  and  Ross  Perot  bought 
the  $1,250  tickets,  but  tliey  aren't  used  to  having  someone  else 
pick  up  the  tab— yet. 

Hillary  dropped  by  James  Carville's  book  party  Thursday  night  at  The 
Palm,  and  explained  her  reason  for  the  surprise  visit  in  a  thick  Arkansas  ac- 
cent: "I'm  a  pushover  for  sweet-talking  Southern  boys.  I  know  where  they're 
coming  from,  but  I  still  fall  for  it."  Maybe  a  mini-series  after  all.  Streep  does 
wonderful  accents.  ■ 

time,  march  25, 1996 

Volvo  is  the  only  car  company  in  the  world  that  has  2  front  and  2  side  impact  air  bags  standard  in  every 
new  car.  Doesn't  give  you  goose  bumps,  huh?  Well,  maybe  the  fact  that  the  Volvo  960  also  has  a  powerful 
24-valve,  6-cylinder  engine  and  highly  advanced  4-wheel  independent  suspension,  will.  See,  safety  can 
be  fun.  For  more  information,  call  or  contact  Volvo  at  1-800-960-9988  or 
Drive  safely.  VOU^-VO 


Iran:  Maybe  We  Didn't  Mean  It 

When  Iran's  official  news  agency  described  the  suicide 
bombings  in  Israel  as  "divine  retribution,"  the  Tehran 
government,  in  its  current  attempt  at  moderation,  v^^ent 
through  public  hoops  to  disavow  the  sentiments  and  to 
regret  the  loss  of  life.  All  of  which  makes  a  recent  round 
of  Iranian  diplomacy  more  than  a  little  embarrassing. 
Just  before  the  murderous  last  spate  of  bombings  in  Is- 
rael, Hasan  Habibi,  Vice  President  of  Iran,  visited  Syria 
for  what  amounted  to  a  pep  rally  for  Middle  East  terror- 
ism. Gathered  at  Iran's  embassy  in  Damascus  were  the 
leaders  of  such  Palestinian  extremist  groups  as  Hizbal- 
lah, Islamic  Jihad,  the  Popular  Front  for  the  Liberation 
of  Palestine-General  Command  and  Hamas. 

Habibi  congratulated  the  Hamas  representatives  on 
the  previous  bombings  in  Israel  and  urged  them  to  keep 
up  the  attacks.  Habibi  promised  more  financial  aid  and  ex- 
tra training  at  bases  in  Lebanon  supported  by  the  Iranian 
Revolutionary  Guard.  Tehran  said  it  would  also  press 
Damascus  to  let  Hamas  fighters  continue  to  operate  in 
Syria  and  in  Syrian-controlled  sectors  of  Lebanon.  After 
the  latest  attacks,  will  all  these  be  empty  promises? 

The  Price  of  a  Photo-Op 

So  what  did  Bill  Clinton  have  to  endure  for  his  photographic 
coup  of  getting  29  world  leaders  to  stand  shoulder-to-shoulder 
against  terrorism?  Opening  statements,  lots  of  opening  state- 
ments—as in  250  minutes  of  self-congratulatory  remarks  from 
all  the  global  egos  present.  They  went  on  so  long  that  Clinton, 
having  flown  overnight  aboard  Air  Force  One  with  a  ram- 
bunctious King  Hussein  of  Jordan  as  a  roommate,  periodically 
verged  on  nodding  off.  In  fact,  the  hour  allotted  for  the  actual 
meeting  of  the  leaders  had  to  be  cut  back  to  20  minutes  be- 
cause of  the  remarks.  In  any  case,  negotiations  weren't  the 
reason  for  the  summit  in  the  first  place.  A  picture  is  worth  at 
least  $100  million,  the  amount  Clinton  pledged  to  Israel  the 
next  day  toward  an  antiterror  campaign. 




•  Is  chicken  really  foul?  A  consumer  group 
charges  that  25%  of  raw  chickens  harbor  Salmo- 
nella and  90%  are  contaminated  with  Campylo- 
bacter, an  equally  stomach-sickening  and  poten- 
tially deadly  bacterium.  The  study  blames  the 
practice  of  immersing  carcasses  in  hot  water  to 
loosen  feathers;  the  report,  disputed  by  the  poul- 
try industry,  says  the  water  is  not  hot  enough  to 
kill  the  bacteria  and  encourages  them  to  spread. 

•  Look,  Ma— no  cavities  in  more  than  50%  of  to- 
day's school-age  children,  compared  v^dth  25%  of 
kids  in  the  early  '70s.  fluoridated  water  and  bet- 
ter dental  care  are  reasons  why. 


•  A  new  form  of  the  blood-thinning  drug  he- 

parin may  enable  patients  with  potentially  dan- 
gerous BLOOD  CLOTS  to  be  treated  at  home,  two 
studies  find.  Traditional  heparin  must  be  admin- 


istered  intravenously  at  a  hospital. 

..,r.^^„    Ur,.A^nc   fr^„Ul^    ^^^r.^.^^    „«..^,>e      ^^r^ci^^r 

•  To  be  screened  for  heart  disease,  people  are  sub 
an  exercise  stress  test  or  injected  with  radioactive 
before  undergoing  an  X-ray.  Now  research  show 
ultrafast  cat-scan  can  do  the  job  just  as  weU.  The  sc 
speedy  "stop  motion"  pictures  of  the  heart  that  spot 
artery-clogging  deposits. 

Sources— GOOD  NEWS:  American  Dental  Association;  New  Eniland  Journal  of  Medicine;  emulation  BA 

iected  to      this:  a  study  suggests  that  the  metabolic  rate  of  overweight 
thalhum      black  women  at  rest  is  about  5%  slower  than  for  whites. 

an  takes      •  Thunderstorms,  say  scientists,  can  trigger  asthma  at- 

:oronary      tacks— even  in  people  who  have  never  had  one.  Water  and 

wind  gusts  release  asthma-triggering  particles  from  pollen. 

NEWS:  Center  for  Science  in  the  Public  Interest;  Fourth  International  Congress  of  Behavioral  Medicine,  British  Medical  Journal 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 



i^Can  you  imagine  me 
with  a  woman  old  enough 
to  be  my  wife?...  My  girl- 
friend is  25  years  old — 

perfect.  7 7— HOLLYWOOD  VETERAN 


MONT.;  high  school  wrestler 
Brown  survived  a  horrific  train  acci- 
dent last  April  that  resulted  in  the 
amputation  of  both  legs  below  the 
knee.  But  after  intensive  rehab, 
the  high  school  wrestler  refused  to 
give  up  his  sport.  By  adjusting  his 
skills  and  maneuvers,  he  continued 
to  compete — without  the  use  of  his 
prostheses.  At  a  state  meet  last 
month,  he  placed  sixth  out  of  16 
finalists  at  105  lbs.  His  coach,  Steve 
Komac,  calls  him  "one  of  the  most 
courageous  people  I've  ever  met." 

COUNTY,  CALIF.;  radio  DJ 
After  two  tours  of  duty  in  Vietnam, 
Lawrence  developed  cancer,  which 
doctors  believe  was  caused  by 
Agent  Orange.  His  vocal  cords  were 
removed  as  part  of  treatment,  and 
he  talks  via  a  laptop  computer  and 
voice  synthesizer.  Still,  since  Feb- 
ruary, he  has  been  host  of  D/gifa/ 
flflus/c  Zone  on  khum-fm,  which 
features  tunes  from  the  Vietnam 
War  era.  Facing  more  surgery,  he 
nevertheless  urges  listeners  to 
"jump  into  the  river  of  life." 


All  the  Lovely  Pigeons 

mysterious  snatching  of  4,000  pigeons  from  Trafalgar  Square  had  only  the 
best  interests  of  the  pigeons  at  heart.  There  is  that  ray  of  hope  to  clmg  to. 

I  can  imagine  many  people  in  England  trying  to  reassure  one  another  with 
such  thoughts  as  they  read  increasingly  grim  speculation  about  the  pigeons 
in  the  morning  papers.  "Don't  look  so  glum,  AJfie,"  Alfie's  wife  says,  as  she 
puts  the  eggs  and  grilled  tomato  and  thick-cut  bacon  in  front  of  him.  "Maybe 
this  was  some  nice  gentleman  who  has  a  home  for  older  pigeons  in  a  lovely 
part  of  Sussex  where  they  don't  have  to  be  around  those  nasty  foreigners." 

It  may  be,  of  course,  that  Alfie  was  looking  glum  because, 
breakfast  traditionally  being  the  only  edible  meal  in  England, 
he  knew  his  day  had  already  peaked  well  before  9  in  the 
morning.  But  he  was  probably  thinking  of  those  pigeons.  The 
English  are  known  for  having  almost  unlimited  sympathy  for 
animals  that  are  unromantic  or  even  animals  that  Americans 
might  describe  as  having  been  hit  upside  the  head  with  an 
ugly  stick.  The  United  Kingdom  is  a  country  in  which  the 
monarch  harbors  corgis. 

A  corgi  looks  as  if  it  were  put  together  with  the  unrelated 
body  parts  of  three  or  four  other  breeds— the  parts,  as  it  hap- 
pens, that  each  breed  most  longed  to  get  rid  of  when  it  looked 
in  the  mirror  eveiy  morning.  ("If  I  could  just  get  some  other 
dog  to  take  this  little  sausage  of  a  torso,  I  could  go  places  on 
these  legs.") 

Apparently,  there  was  at  first  hope  that  the  pigeons  had 
been  taken  by  some  poor  lad  who  desperately  wanted 
to  race  pigeons  but  lacked  the  wherewithal  to  buy 
his  own  flock.  Alfie  was  able  to  imagine  the 
Trafalgar  Square  pigeons  soaring  gracefully  over 
the  Somerset  moors  or  being  pampered  by  a 
kindly  pigeon  fancier  like  that  nice  detective  on 
mTD  Blue. 

But  I  heard  on  the  radio  that  the  pigeon- 
racing  authorities  dismissed  that  theory,  explaining  that  Trafalgai  Square 
pigeons  are  too  old  and  out  of  shape  to  be  competitive  racers. 

"I  was  thinking  they  might  have  special  races  for  older  birds,"  Alfie  may 
have  said  when  that  news  came  out.  "Like  the  over-50  division  in  tennis." 

I  have  to  say  that  I  was  pessimistic  from  the  start.  Any  sensible  analysis 
of  the  case  has  to  start  with  a  brutal  but  undeniable  fact:  people  eat  pigeons. 

When  the  New  American  Cuisine  began  to  take  hold  in  Northern  Cah- 
fornia,  I  remember  beginning  each  visit  to  San  Francisco  by  checking  to 
make  certain  there  were  still  pigeons  in  the  parks.  My  fear  was  that  between 
my  trips  to  the  city,  afl  the  poor  birds  might  have  been  snatched  up,  smoked 
and  sewed  on  a  bed  of  radicchio. 

I  don't  think  the  Trafalgar  Square  caper  indicates  that  smoked  pigeon  on 
radicchio  has  replaced  bangers  and  mash  in  the  hearts  of  the  English.  The 
pigeons  could  be  sei-ved  as  anything.  As  Escoffier,  or  one  of  them,  may  have 
said,  "Chopping  up  is  the  great  leveler." 

In  fact,  a  young  man,  who  told  The  Sun  that  he  had  taken  1,500  of  the 
pigeons  and  sold  them  to  a  middleman,  said,  "As  far  as  I  know,  they  go  to 
cuny  houses  all  over  Britain." 

We  all  hope  he's  wrong.  People  who  would  snatch  Trafalgar  Square 
pigeons  for  restaurant  stewpots  would  snatch  almost  any  animal,  no  matter 
how  repulsive— although  the  Queen  will  be  relieved  to  hear  they'd  probably 
draw  the  line  at  corgis.  ■ 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 

I  only  ask  lv\'o  ihing.s  when  I  fly.  IIow  mLicln  lime  can 
I  sa\L\-'  And  how  coniloi  lalile  can  I  be? 

Whicli  is  why  I  like  World  Business  Class"  from  Northwest 
Airlines  and  KLM.  The  Northwest  hub  in  Detroit  helps  me 
connect  to  Asia  two  or  three  hours  faster  than  other  airlines. 

And  they  give  business  flyers  like  me  more  space. 
They've  added  legroom,  reclined  the  seats  further,  and  that 
really  helps,  sleeping-wise.  More  than  adecjuate  for  someone 
my  size,  and  I'm  six  three. 

to  Asia 
than   any 

My  business  philosophy  is  no  big  secret,  'tou  have  to  stay 
one  step  ahead.  You've  got  to  continually  look  for  advantage. 

And  time-travel-saving  several  hours  or  even  half  a  day- 
is  a  big  one. 


ikuk.   Thailand 

'  Schedule  comparisons  are  based  on  OAG"  (Official  Airline  Guide) 
^@,^jr  schedule  information  available  3/15/95  for  on-line  service  the  vi/eek  of  6/15/95, 

©  1 995  Northwest  Airlines,  Inc  Northv^jest  recycles  over  5000  pairs  of  lost  &  unclaimed  glasses  O 


airlines'      IvLilVl 



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NOT  K    13  ()  O    K 



EDWARDS  IN  1962 

HUNTER  IN  1960 

SENTENCED.  JAMES  WATT,  58,  Reagan- 
era  Secretary  of  the  Interior;  to  com- 
munity service  and  a  $5,000  fine;  af- 
ter pleading  guilty  to  attempting  to 
influence  a  grand  jury  looking  into  his 
lobbying  activities;  in  Washington. 


master  Polish  filmmaker;  after  heart- 
bypass  surgery;  in  Warsaw.  An  Oscar 
nominee  last  year  for  Red,  he  made 
daunting,  haunting  studies  of  passion 
and  alienation  on  the  grand  scale,  as 
in  his  10-hour  Decalogue,  which  dra- 
matizes the  Ten  Commandments  in  a 
Warsaw  high-rise,  and  his  Three  Col- 
ors trilogy  (Blue,  White,  Red),  in 
which  troubled  souls  in  France, 
Poland  and  Switzerland  come  to 
terms  with  a  dark  obsession.  In  1994 
Kieslowski  said  he  was  quitting  films; 
he  just  wanted  "to  sit  alone  in  a  room 
and  smoke."  He  left  behind  some  of 
the  most  elegant  and  intelligent  films 
of  the  past  decade. 

DIED.  VINCE  EDWARDS,  67,  actor;  of 
pancreatic  cancer;  in  Los  Angeles.  As 

Dr.  Ben  Casey,  he  was  surly,  sarcastic, 
short-tempered— and  that's  just  how 
he  treated  his  friends.  Yet  TV  viewers 
in  the  1960s  couldn't  get  enough  of 
the  neurosurgeon  or  of  Edwards,  who 
portrayed  the  combative  Casey  as  the 
polar  opposite  of  his  ratings  rival,  the 
saintly  Doctor  Kildare  (played  by 
Richard  Chamberlain).  Prior  to  Ben 
Casey,  Edwards  was  a  B-movie  gang- 
ster. After,  he  appeared  in  forgettable 
film  and  TV  work,  including  the  in- 
evitable Return  of  Ben  Casey  in  1988. 

DIED.  ROSS  HUNTER,  74,  producer;  of 
lymphoma;  in  Los  Angeles.  Hunter's 
movies  were  rarely  mistaken  for  art— 
or  for  anyone  else's  work.  From 
weepers  (1954's  Magnificent  Obses- 
sion) to  musicals  (Thoroughly  Modern 
Millie  in  1967)  to  comedies  (a  brace  of 
Doris  Day  films)  to  dramas  (1970's 
Airport),  the  typical  Hunter  product 
offered  a  high-calorie  menu  of  top- 
priced  Hollywood  stars,  expensive 
sets  and  sumptuous  costuming  that 
gave  tragedy  and  melodrama  a  gloss 
of  glamour. 

20    YEARS 
AGO    IN    TIME 

Watergate,  the  Movie 

When  Robert  Redford  bought 
the  screen  rights  to  All  the 
President's  Men,  he  had  little 
idea  of  the  snags  that  lay  in 
store.  One  was  his  hiring  of 
Butch  Cassidy  and  the  Sun- 
dance Kid  scriptwriter  Wil- 
liam Goldman,  who  put  empha- 
sis on  off-color  newsroom 
humor.  The  move  caused  an  up- 
roar: "The  Post  nearly  backed 
out  of  the  project  then,  and 
[Executive  Editor  Benjamin 
C]  Bradlee  was  blunt  with 
Redford.  'Just  remember, 
pal,'  he  said,  'that  you  go  off 
and  ride  a  horse  or  jump  in 
the  sack  with  some  good- 
looking  woman  in  your  next 
film — but  I  am  forever  an 
asshole.'  Redford  was  im- 
pressed: 'I've  met  few  people 
who  were  as  conscious  of 
their  position — and  how  to 
keep  It.'  "   —March  29,  1976 

Cover:  Dustin 


and  Robert 


as  the 




who  land  the 

story  of  the 



Former  First  Lady  of  China 
The  widow  of  Generalissimo  Chiang  Kai- 
shek,  Madame  Chiang— as  she  came  to  be 
known — ^was  the  most  charming  and  per- 
suasive of  China's  notoriously  influential 
Soong  family.  As  her  husband's  emissary, 
she  pleaded  for  the  Allies  to  support  China  in  its  war  against 
Japan,  taking  Washington  by  storm  in  1943  when  she  ad- 
dressed a  joint  session  of  Congress.  Defeated  by  the  commu- 

nists in  1949,  the  Chiangs  fled  to  Taiwan,  where  he  ruled  until 
his  death  in  1975.  Estranged  from  his  successor,  her  stepson, 
she  divided  her  time  between  Taiwan  and  the  U.S.  Now  settled 
in  New  York  City,  she  leads  a  quiet  life  of  Methodist  prayer,  vis- 
iting old  friends  and  avoiding  politics.  Still,  appearing  last  week 
at  a  controversial  exhibition  of  treasures  her  husband  took 
from  the  mainland,  she  couldn't  resist  a  veiled  reference  to  the 
current  Taiwan  crisis.  Says  Metropolitan  Museum  of  Art  direc- 
tor Philippe  de  Montebello:  "She  spoke  with  majesty  of  the  en- 
during and  unifying  quality  of  art  in  times  of  political  turmoil." 


Michael  Quinn,  Jeffery  C.  Rubin  and  Douglas  Wall 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 



'licii  vcni  1)11,1  I  [ 
lealK  capable  \ch)cics  on  ttie  pU'inet,  you 
niii^ht  <is  well  take  the  opportunity  to  see 
all  ol  It  Thats  what  we've  been  dotns;  tor 
the  last  I'lttv  veaus  Journeying  to  tlie  far- 
tliMiii  taking  on  everv  form  ot  unbridled 
tortuie  imaginable  Sold  in  over  1(H)  coun- 
tries, Land  Rox'crs  now  roam  the  world  bv 
the  thousands  So  call  l-8()()-Fl\I-:  4\\1) 
and  see  where  our  obsessi\'c  commitment 
to  the  master,'  ot  4x4  eni^ineering  gets  vou 
Because  as  it  turns  out,  it's  gotten  us  pre- 
cisely where  we  want  to  be  everywhere. 



The  Defender,  a  direct  descendant  of 
the  original  Land  Rover  built  in  1948, 
is  luimitigated  muscle.  It's  ruggedly 
designed,  incredibly  capable,  and 
considered  by  many  the  foremost  off- 
road  vehicle  in  the  world. 


Along  with  all  the  toughness  you'd 
expect  from  a  Land  Rover,  the 
Discovery  is  decidedly  civilized.  It's 
perfect  for  the  challenges  of  every- 
day life,  in  town  or  in  the  Serengeti. 

:  drive  has  gotten  us  nowhere. 


The  Range  Rover  is  undoubtedly  the 
most  advanced  Land  Rover  ever 
designed.  It  boasts  a  peerless  combi- 
nation of  kixur}',  security,  and  on-  and 
off-road  performance.  Ver>'  simply,  it 
has  no  equal. 

M      A     T      I      O      N 


How  do  you  cook  up  laws  and  roast  each  other  at  the  same  time?  Dole  and  Cli 


the  living  together  in  more  or 
less  intimate  association  of 
different,  sometimes  hostile 
species  in  which  each  exploits 
the  other  to  its  own  maximum 
advantage.  In  rare  cases,  such 
as  parasitic  wasps,  creatures 
use  each  otlier  for  survival  before  one  de- 
stroys the  other.  This  is  not  unlike  the 
current  political  morphology  involv- 
ing the  genus  Presidentum  Candi- 
datus,  witli  those  two  familiar 
species,  Robert  Dole,  Republican 
challenger,  and  BiU  Clinton, 
Democratic  incumbent. 

Washington,  as  any 
biologist  will  tell  you,  is 
cmeler  than  nature,  and 
for  the  next  few  months  ri- 
vals Clinton  and  Dole  will 

find  themselves  in  more  or  less  intimate  as- 
sociation, mutually  dependent  but  whole- 
heartedly trying  to  annihilate  each  other. 

For  the  next  few  months,  the  presiden- 
tial campaign  has  shifted  from  the  green 
fields  of  the  Republic  to  the  hard  pavement 
of  Pennsylvania  Avenue.  Forbes  has  folded, 
and  Pat  Buchanan  remains  on  the  hustings, 
a  distant  and  noisy  drummer.  The  scenario 
presents  a  curious  and  unique  sit- 
uation in  American  his- 
tory, a  Senate  ma- 


*    J    / 

jority  leader  and  a  President,  opposing  can- 
didates in  a  general  election,  who  must 
work  out  some  modus  operandi  while  try- 
ing to  knife  each  other  in  the  back.  (The 
only  sitting  Republican  Senator— not  even  a 
majority  leader— elected  President  in  this 
centuiy  was  Warren  Harding.  His  slogan: 
"Return  to  Normalcy.")  For  the  next  few 
months,  voters  will  be  able  to  observe  a 
complex,  multilevel  game  in  which  Dole 
<md  ("linton  will  be  constantly  analyzing 
\v  hois  hurt  or  helped  by  different  legislative 
strategies.  At  this  point,  neither  knows  what 
the  other  is  going  to  do.  "I  get  mixed  sig- 
nals." says  Dole.  "Some  say  he  really  wants 
to  get  things  done.  Others  say  he  could 
caie  less."  Clinton's  camp  is  waiting  for 
Dole  to  make  the  first  move. 

When  Bob  Dole  decided  to  run  for 
['resident,  a  small  voice  inside  him, 
the  voice  of  the  Depression  kid  from 
hardscrabble  Russell,  Kansas,  said, 
"Bob,  don't  quit  your  day  job." 
And  he  didn't.  Flying  back  to 
Washington  last  week  on  his 
campaign  plane  after  wrapping 
up  the  nomination  fight.  Dole 
confided  that  he  was  "anxious  to 
get  back  to  work."  Back  to  work? 
In  other  words.  Dole  was  done      ^ 
moonlighting  as  a  Repub- 
lican  primaiy   candidate 
and  now  wanted  to  re- 
turn    to     his     real 
work,    the   job 

he  knows  and 
loves  and  does  bet- 
ter than  anyone  else. 
Last  week,  sitting  in 
what  is  probably  his  favorite 
spot  in  the  world— the  narrow 
balcony  between  his  office  and 
e  Senate  floor,  a  place  where  no 
voters  can  pester  him,  where  no  one 
can  ask  him  why  he  lacks  vision— Dole 
turned  his  peipetually  tanned  face  to  the^ 
late  winter  sun  and  did  what  comes  natu-^ 
rally:  he  talked  shop.   From  his  lap  heg 
plucked  a  neatly  folded  piece  of  paper  and  ^ 
ticked  off  a  list  of  bills.  Farm  bill.  "Have  to  3 
do  that."  Line-item  veto.  "That's  some-n 
thing  they  [the  Democrats]  want."  Small- m 

J-—-  -— 


311  are  about  to  show  what  happens  when  the  campaign  comes  to  Washington 


business  regulatoiy  reform.  "That's  bipar- 
tisan. That  will  pass,  probably  90  to  6." 
And  on  and  on  down  the  list:  health 
care  insurance,  term  limits,  campaign 
finance  reform  and  a  balanced  bud- 
get. Pure  Dole,  so  comfortable  with  ' 
legislative  jargon,  so  uncomfortable 
with  campaign  rhetoric:  '"When  we 
leave  here  for  the  convention,  if  we've 
got  a  pretty  good  list  of  things  we've 
passed,  the  President  can  veto  them  but 
we  can  make  our  case."  You  want  vision? 
Bob  Dole  has  found  his  vision:  a  legislative 
to  do  list.  No  one  can  check  off  items 
like  Dole.  Remember  George  Bush, 
~s,  also  vision  challenged,  who  said, 
ip  "Message:  I  care."  Dole's  ver- 
W  sion:  "Message:  I  do." 
^  Dole  knows  he's  a  better 

/  legislator  than  campaigner,  so 
his  strategy  is  to  campaign  by  leg- 
islating. His  frequent  refrain— "I'm 
a  doer,  not  a  talker"— can  be  demon- 
strated only  by  actually  passing  leg- 
islation. Unlike  Newt  Gingrich,  who 
plots  grand,  overarching  designs,  Dole 
takes  things  as  they  come  up,  picking  allies 
and  sizing  up  enemies  as  necessary.  It's  as 
though  he  thinks  it's  bad  luck  to  plan  ahead. 
The  Dole  strategy  is  to  depict  himself  as  the 
driving  force  of  change  while  portraying 
Clinton  as  the  defender  of  the  status  quo: 
Senator  Change  vs.  President  Veto.  Don 
Sipple,  Dole's  top  strategist,  sums  it  up  this 
way:  "We've  got  an  agenda  for  change.  The 
only  question  is  whether  Clinton  gets  on 
board  or  stands  in  the  way." 

But  Dole's  path  is  a  dangerous  one 
In   his   perfect   legislative   world,   hi 
could  calibrate  bills  so  cleverly,  pack 
them  so  guilefully,  that  he  would  look 
good  if  Clinton  signed  and  Clinton 
would  look  bad  if  he  didn't.  (Imagine 
Bill's  Dilemma:  Will  it  hurt  me  with  my  lib- 
eral base  if  I  sign  it?  Will  it  poison  me  with 
Perot  voters  if  I  don't?)  But  Dole's  woild  is 
changed  now.  He  must  reckon  with  a  pos- 
sibly uncooperative  House,  led  by  fractious 
freshmen  who  suspect  Dole  of  selling  out 
and  last  week  pleaded  with  Dick  Armey  to 
be  their  champion.  He  must  deal  with  the 
Senate    minority    leader,    Tom 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 

N    A  T    I    O    N 

WINNER  TAKES  ALL:  Dole  celebrates  his  Super  Tuesday  victory  with  his  daughter  Robin,  his  wife  Elizabeth  and  a  delighted  Newt  Gingrich 

with  children.  Veto.  We  sent  him  welfare 

Daschle,  and  the  filibustering  Democrats 
doing  their  damnedest  to  obstruct  and  wa- 
ter down  any  legislation. 

Then  there's  the  larger  question.  In  a 
time  when  many  voters  love  to  hate  Wash- 
ington, do  you  benefit  ft-om  showing  your 
skills  as  Beltway  Bob?  Dole  has  to  won- 
der: Will  cooperating  with 
Cfinton  make  me  look 
weak,  like  a  junior  Presi- 
dent? And  just  how  do  you 
make  a  complex  legislative 
agenda  sound  like  a  coher- 
ent message?  Especially 
when  the  candidate  is 
more  comfortable  talking 
about  continuing  resolu- 
tions and  getting  a  bill  out 
of  committee  than  paint- 
ing a  glowing  picture  of  a 
rising  America.  The  prob- 
lem for  Dole  is  that  passing 
legislation  during  a  presidential  campaign  is 
not  about  the  fine  print— it's  about  winning 
the  battle  of  perception. 

Dole's  strategy  has  another  potential 
flaw.  On  the  campaign  trail.  Dole  has  been 
scoring  points  with  lines  like  this:  "We  sent 
the  President  a  balanced  budget.  He  ve- 
toed it.  We  sent  him  tax  cuts  for  families 

In  the  current 
firmament,  Dole 
proposes,  Clinton 
disposes.  And  in 
so  doing,  Dole 
could  even  keep 
Clinton  consistent 

reform.  Veto."  But  what  happens  to  the 
Dole  strategy  when  Clinton  starts  signing 
on  the  dotted  line?  A  Dole  campaign  aide 
inadvertently  points  this  out  while  trying  to 
prop  up  his  candidate.  "[Dole]  complains 
that  Clinton  is  against  welfare  reform  and 
against  a  balanced  bud- 
get," says  the  aide.  "If  we 
had  deals  on  each  of 
those  issues,  he  wouldn't 
be  saying  that."  But  Dole 
is  counting  on  the  desire 
of  moderate  lawmakers 
to  get  something  done  in 
an  election  year,  and  the 
goodwill  of  voters  who 
will  see  that  Dole  is  try- 
ing to  do  just  that.  The 
path  is  tricky,  but  consid- 
er the  alternative:  cam- 
paigning. "We  don't  have 
any  money,"  laments  a  Dole  aide. 

History  shows  that  the  White  House 
has  natural  advantages.  Take  this  past 
week.  The  President  was  making  peace 
and  photo  ops  in  a  Middle  East  desert, 
while  the  nominee  was  specifying  how  to 
ease  the  Social  Security  earnings  test.  The 
beauty  of  incumbency  is  that  the  President 

can  sit  back  and  wait.  In  the  current  polit- 
ical firmament.  Dole  proposes,  Clinton  dis- 
poses. And  in  so  doing.  Dole  could  even 
force  Cfinton  to  show  something  fike  con- 
sistency. The  President  the  Dole  campaign 
accuses  of  "talking  right  and  governing 
left"  could  become  the  President  who  real- 
ly does,  finally,  end  welfare  as  we  know  it. 
The  President  also  has  the  luxury  of  de- 
picting himself  as  a  man  of  accomplish- 
ment if  he  signs  a  bill  and  as  a  fighter 
against  extremism  if  he  vetoes  it. 

Clinton  aides  believe  that  the  Presi- 
dent ultimately  wins  in  the  public  mind  if 
the  government  appears  to  be  functioning. 
Signing  will  be  his  strategy,  starting  with  a 
welfare-reform  biU  close  to  the  version  be- 
ing proposed  by  a  seven-member  execu- 
tive committee  of  the  National  Governors' 
Association.  Clinton's  veto  of  the  Republi- 
can bill  he  once  described  as  draconian  has 
yielded  changes  in  his  favor.  The  Gover- 
nors provided  $4  billion  more  in  child-care 
funding  than  the  congressional  conference 
report  recommended. 

The  same  strategy  goes  for  the  line- 
item  veto.  So  what  if  it  was  part  of  the  Con- 
tract with  America?  Clinton  wants  it.  The 
Republicans  can  moan  when  he  uses  it  and 
moan  when  he  doesn't.  At  best,  Clinton 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 

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will  have  it  for  one  appropriations  cycle  be- 
fore the  election,  and  he  can  use  it  to  reject 
programs  he  will  describe  as  extremist. 

As  President,  Clinton  also  has  the  ad- 
vantage of  being  able  to  step  away  from  any 
imbroglios  and  take  his  show  on  the  road, 
where  he  still  has  $26  million  to  spend. 
While  Dole  is  dealing  with  the  nitt)'-gritt>  of 
getting  bills  to  the  floor,  Clinton  can  float 
above  it  by  making  crowd-pleasing  speech- 
es about  "values"  like  protecting  the 
environment,  discouraging  smoking,  insti- 
tuting the  V  chip  and  wearing  school  uni- 
forms. Like  Ronald  Reagan  in  1984,  he  can 
even  campaign  against  Washington.  ,\1- 
ready  Clinton  is  airing  ads  in  which  he  talks 
about  the  need  "to  cherish  our  children  and 
strengthen  America's  families."  Can't  argue 
with  that.  And  talk  about  Alice  in  Wonder- 
land logic  and  appropriating  Republican 
themes:  the  Democratic  National  Conmiit- 
tee  is  running  an  ad  about  welfare  that 
might  have  been  written  by  Reagan,  "i^'am- 
ilies  destroyed.  Children's  dreams  lost," 
says  the  narrator.  "No  work,  no 
welfare— rescue  children  from  the 
destructive  welfare  system."  Bob 
Dole,  phone  home. 

As  the  early  Clinton  ads  sug- 
gest, Clinton  is  already  where 
Dole  needs  to  be.  It  was  Nixon's 
commonplace  advice  to  run  to  the 
right  in  the  primaries,  then  back  to 
the  left  in  the  general  election.  But 
Clinton  is  already  staking  his  claim 
to  that  voter-rich  region,  and  to 
the  issues  that  were  once  the  do- 
main of  Republicans.  This  week 
the  man  who  proclaimed  in  the 
State  of  the  Union  address  that 
"the  era  of  Big  Government  is 
over"  will  release  his  1997  budget  and  call 
for  a  balanced  budget,  which  has  basically 
been  Dole's  main  theme  on  the  trail. 
"Dole's  big  problem,"  says  Republican 
strategist  Ed  Rollins,  "is  that  the  only  is- 
sues he  owns  are  ones  that  are  not  attrac- 
tive for  a  fall  campaign:  abortion  and 
deficit  reduction." 

Republicans  on  the  Hill  see  the  writing 
on  the  wall.  They  are  no  longer  talking 
about  tying  the  debt  limit  to  pet  causes. 
They  don't  want  another  train  wreck.  And 
despite  all  the  odds,  voters  may  be  sur- 
prised to  see  that  legislation  gets  passed 
and  signed  during  this  symbiotic  presiden- 
tial season.  "I  think  it  helps  us  both,"  says 
Dole,  hopefully.  Perhaps  voters  will  decide 
Washington  isn't  such  a  terrible  place  after 
all.  In  the  end  they  might  just  opt  for  the 
Pennsylvania  Avenue  Dream  Ticket:  Clin- 
ton-Dole. With  Dole  doing,  Clinton  signing 
and  both  of  them  taking  credit,  why  make 
a  change  at  all?  —Reported  by  Michael  Duffy, 
J.F.O.  McAllister  and  Karen  Tumulty/Washington 




Tom  Daschle  seems  an  odd  candidate  for  the  role  he  is  about  to  play  as  Pres- 
ident Clinton's  first  line  of  defense  on  Capitol  Hill.  A  shght  and  boyish- 
llooking  man  of  48,  he  had  never  managed  a  major  bill  before  becoming 
Senate  Democratic  leader  last  year.  Almost  incapable  of  eye-to-eye  engagement 
with  the  television  camera,  he  prefers  to  read  his  speeches,  softly  and  deliber- 
atel\-,  from  behind  a  pair  of  glasses.  "He  looks  hke  a  choirboy,"  sighs  veteran 
South  (Carolina  Democrat  Fritz  Hollings,  a  fire  breather. 

But  to  the  surprise  of  his  allies  and  his  foes,  the  South  Dakota  Democrat  has 
proved  remarkably  skillful  at  marshaling  his  outnumbered  Senate  forces  into  an 
almost  insurmountable  obstacle  to  the  G.o.p.  agenda.  One  by  one,  they  have 
buried  almost  every  item  in  the  Contract  with  America.  And  where  the  G.O.P. 
has  managed  to  get  critical  bills  passed  in  the  Senate— on  welfare  reform,  for  in- 
stance—the Democrats  have  generally  reshaped  them,  sanding  off  enough  of  the 
ideological  edges  to  sour  the  victory  for  many  Republicans. 

In  his  early,  often  rocky  months  as  minority  leader,  Daschle's  most  delicate 
task  was  to  distance  Senate  Democrats  from  Clinton  and  what  the  Senator's  own 
advisers  called  an  "aura  of  failure  surrounding  the  Democratic  Party."  Now 
he  faces  an  almost  opposite  challenge.  "I  have  to  be  certain  that  the  Senate 
floor  doesn't  become  the  presidential- 
5^  campaign  megaphone  for  Bob  Dole, 
and  to  a  certain  extent,  we  can  do  that 
h  by  keeping  the  Republican  majority  in 
j^  ',;  check,"  Daschle  says.  "I  also  have  to  be 
^w  S  sure  that  any  legislation  out  of  the  Sen- 
ate has  as  much  a  Democratic  stamp  as 
a  Republican  one,  so  the  President  can 
claim  as  much  credit  as  Bob  Dole." 

So  far  it  seems  to  be  working.  Last 
week,  under  pressure  from  Daschle's 
troops.  Senate  Republicans  dismayed 
their  counterparts  in  the  House  when 
they  added  $2.7  billion  for  education 
demanded  by  Clinton  to  a  spending  bill 
that  would  keep  the  government  oper- 
ating for  the  rest  of  the  year.  In  scoring 
these  victories,  Daschle  has  a  time- 
honored  weapon  at  his  disposal,  one  that  Dole  put  to  good  use  in  the  past— the  fil- 
ibuster. With  enough  party  discipline,  it  makes  the  minority  leader  unstoppable. 
Whereas  House  Democrats  have  regularly  fractured.  Senate  Democrats  have  yet 
to  lose  the  seven  defectors  it  would  take  to  break  a  Daschle-backed  filibuster. 

When  Daschle  was  elected  to  the  job  by  a  one-vote  margin  15  months  ago, 
virtually  eveiy  Senate  Democrat  of  stature  lined  up  against  him.  The  barons  who 
lost  their  chairmanships  in  the  wake  of  the  1994  Democratic  rout  quietly  re- 
cruited Connecticut's  Chris  Dodd  to  run  against  him,  arguing  that  someone  with 
Daschle's  inexperience  would  be  no  match  for  Gingrich's  gale-force  approach  to 
legislating  or  Dole's  awesome  mastery  of  the  game. 

But  amid  the  towering  egos  of  the  Senate,  what  works  for  Daschle  is  some- 
thing entirely  different:  he  has  inexhaustible  patience  for  finding  a  consensus. 
"He  gets  eveiybody;  he  doesn't  lose  anybody,"  says  West  Virginia's  Jay  Rocke- 
feller. "That's  easier  when  you're  in  the  minority,  but  for  Democrats,  it's  never 
easy."  Daschle's  colleagues  still  question  whether  the  quiet  tenacity  that  has 
served  him  so  well  as  an  obstructionist  will  become  a  liability  if  the  Democrats 
regain  control  of  the  Senate  and  are  once  again  called  upon  to  set  the  agenda, 
rather  than  thwart  it.  For  now,  though,  even  the  Republicans  acknowledge 
Daschle's  effectiveness,  at  least  in  a  backhanded  way.  "They  made  us  jump  a  lot 
of  hoops,"  says  Dole.  But  then  Dole  knows  better  than  anyone  else  the  value  of 
that  tactic.  "That's  part  of  leadership,"  he  adds.       —By  Karen  Tumulty/Washington 

Daschle:  Holding  up  the  Contract 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


The  Lone  Ranger 

Bob  Dole  was  never  one  to  surround  himself  with 
advisers.  But  now?  They've  got  him  surrounded 


most  in  Bob  Dole's  life,  he  has  found  him- 
self alone.  He  was  alone  when  he  charged 
up  a  rocky  hill  to  a  German  machine-gun 
nest,  to  be  torn  apart  by  an  artillery  shell. 
That  experience  took  him  to  places  where  no 
one  could  help  him.  The  surgeons  could  do 
only  so  much.  His  mother,  who  would  have 
done  anything  for  him,  couldn't  do  anything 
when  she  came  upon  him  hanging  from  the 
rafters  of  their  garage  by  his  shattered  arm, 
trying  to  make  it  work  again. 

Twice  before  he  has  lost  his  party's 
nomination,  and  now  that  he  is  finally  on 
the  verge  of  clinching  it,  he  finds  himself 
again  alone  in  a  place  he  has  never  been 
before:  in  the  finals,  facing  a  formidable 
incumbent  President.  The  new  experience 
has  left  the  Candidate  of  Experience 
"somewhat  off  balance,"  says  a  top  aide,  a 
little  unsure  of  his  next  move.  So  early  next 
month  Dole  is  going  to  take  a  week  off,  fly 
to  Florida,  sit  in  the  sun  outside  his  con- 
dominium and  then  gather  around  him  a 
group  of  wise  men  and  women  to  think 
through  the  campaign.  Just  holding  such  a 
meeting  is  unusual  for  Dole,  who  has  never 
been  quick  to  seek  or  take  advice.  "He  has 
no  peers,"  says  a  top  aide.  "He  has  col- 
leagues; he  has  friends.  But  all  his  real  peers 
are  dead.  He's  outlived  them  all." 

Dole  has  captured  one  of  politics'  great- 
est prizes  without  one  of  the  most  important 
ingredients  of  any  successful  campaign:  a 
tight  circle  of  trusted  advisers  who  can  tell 

him  when  he's  right,  when  he's  wrong  and 
when  he  needs  to  shape  up.  Dole  simply 
believes  he  knows  more  about  politics 
than  anyone  else.  The  last  man  whose  ad- 
vice he  wholly  trusted  was  Richard  Nixon. 
"That  was  the  only  time  I  ever  saw  him  sit 
up  and  sit  still  for  more  than  10  minutes 
and  listen,"  said  Tom  Korologos,  describ- 
ing a  trip  the  two  men  made  to  the  sage  of 
Saddle  River  a  few  years  back.  Otherwise, 
Dole  has  preferred  to  keep  his  own  counsel 
and  even  make  fun  of  anyone  who  tries  to 
change  him.  When  an  aide  recently  gave 
him  an  advance  text  of  a  speech,  the  candi- 
date quipped  with  trademark  sarcasm,  "Let 
me  show  this  to  my  council  of  advisers."  He 
pushes  back  when  pushed  too  hard.  When 
Senator  Al  D'Amato  of  New  York  urged 
Dole  two  weeks  ago  to  attend  a  debate 
before  the  Texas  primary— "You  gotta  go," 
D'Amato  said,  "you  gotta  go"— Dole  teased, 
"Well,  if  you  want  me  to,  I  won't." 

After  35  years  in  Washington,  Dole  has 
an  astonishingly  small  circle.  He  has  a  co- 
terie of  old  friends,  including  Democratic 
Party  viceroy  Bob  Strauss  and  Archer 
Daniels  Midland  Co.  chairman  Dwayne 
Andreas,  but  he  does  not  seek  their  coun- 
sel. Other  than  his  wife  Elizabeth,  who  is  an 
ad  hoc  adviser  on  nearly  everything.  Dole's 
inner  circle  is  made  up  of  Senators  Pete 
Domenici  of  New  Mexico,  John  McCain  of 
Arizona  and  Bob  Bennett  of  Utah,  and 
even  they  say  they  are  not  sure  what  he 
absorbs.  He  taps  experts  on  specific  policy 
matters  when  he  needs  them— including 
his  chief  of  staff,  Sheila  Burke,  and  adviser 

Robert  Lighthizer— but  does  most  of  the| 
political  thinking  himself.  > 

Whether  or  not  he  goes  looking  for  ad-  8 
vice,  advisers  come  looking  for  him.  Two| 
weeks  ago,  a  group  of  Senators  approached  3 
Dole  and  urged  him  to  use  them  regularly  § 
as  sounding  boards.  A  few  days  later,  theyn 
faxed  talking  points  on  trade  and  other  j 
matters  to  his  campaign  plane;  Dole  sur-g 
prised  them  by  using  the  material.  Mean-| 
while,  campaign  manager  Scott  Reed  hasj 
reached  out  to  a  group  of  elected  officials,  ? 
from  House  Speaker  Newt  Gingrich  to; 
New  Hampshire  Governor  Steve  Merrill,? 
to  help  Dole  sharpen  his  message.  i 

People  who  aspire  to  counsel  him  have§ 
learned  they  must  do  it  obliquely.  Before  f? 
the  South  Carolina  debate  in  February,  | 
McCain  urged  Dole  to  smile  more,  and  like  J, 
a  high  school  drama  coach,  he  planted? 
himself  in  the  front  row  and  smiled  widely.- 
through  the  entire  forum.  Two  weeks  ago,S 
Dole  was  diluting  the  emotional  high  point" 
of  his  speech— his  painful  convalescence— S 
by  rambling  on  about  other  things,  like? 
Bosnia.  Utah's  Bennett,  who  was  travelings 
with  Dole,  waited  a  few  hours  after  one]' 
run-on  speech  and  then  pulled  Dole  aside? 
in  a  relaxed  moment.  "When  you've  told; 
the  story  of  Russell,"  said  Bennett,  "theS 
speech  is  over.  That's  it."  At  the  next  event,  s 
Dole  brought  the  room  to  a  hush  with  the  ? 
story  of  his  recovery;  he  was  clearly « 
"aching"  to  go  on,  recalls  Bennett,  but 
closed  quickly  with  "God  bless  America." 

Members  of  Dole's  inner  circle  don't 
know  if  any  of  this  advice  will  stick.  When 
he  returned  to  the  Senate  Wednesday 
morning,  dozens  of  his  colleagues  were 
waiting  outside  his  office  with  ideas  about 
how  to  beat  Bill  Clinton.  They  grabbed  him 
in  the  halls  and  cornered  him  at  lunch  and 
handed  him  notes,  so  that  by  afternoon  he 
had  to  flee  the  building  for  a  little  peace. 
But  if  he  doesn't  always  heed  would-be  ad- 
visers. Dole  at  least  remembers  what  they 
say:  it's  a  skill  he  learned  long  ago,  by  him- 
self, when  he  couldn't  write  things  down.  ■ 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


N   A  T   I    O    N 

How  (Very) 
Green  Was 
My  Valley 

Bottoming  out  in  the 
presidential  race  can 
still  pay  off  big  time  for 
the  losing  candidates 


Perot,  a  lot  has  been  said  lateK 
about  rich  men  crowding  into 
presidential  politics.  But  that  miss- 
es half  the  story.  An  unsuccessful  run  for 
the  White  House  is  a  matchless  opportuni- 
ty to  acquire  wealth,  not  just  flaunt  it.  In 
war  it  may  still  be  the  victors  who  get  the 
spoils.  In  presidential  politics,  losing  pays 
better.  Whoever  wins  in  November  can 
look  forward  to  a  $200,000  annual  salary,  a 
White  House  ringed  with  tank  barriers  and 
a  Camp  David  getaway  that's  been  de- 
scribed as  "a  medium-quality  boys'  camp 
without  the  horses."  The  also-rans  are  in 
the  fast  lane  to  Candy  Land. 

First  the  speaking  fees.  Robert  Bamett  is 
the  contract  negotiator  for  vice-presidential 
losers  Geraldine  Ferraro  and  Dan  Quayle 
and  First  Lady  coulda-been  Kitty  Dukakis. 
In  his  calculation,  an  articulate  candidate 
who  departs  the  field  with  an  honorable  dis- 
charge—no scandals,  a  statistically  de- 
tectable base  of  voter  support— "can  do  five 
or  six  speeches  a  month,  at  fees  ranging  from 
$10,000  to  $30,000  a  speech,  for  a  year  at  a 
minimum."  Arithmetic:  $600,000  to  $2.1 
million  in  the  first  year. 

Books?  Publishing  insiders  say  a  high- 
profile  candidate  could  command  an  ad- 
vance of  $300,000  and  more.  What's  a  high- 
profile  candidate?  One  with  controversial 
positions  and  some  success  among  angiy 
voters.  Publisher  Judith  Regan,  whose 
celebrity  authors  include  Rush  Limbaugh, 
Howard  Stern  and  O.J.  prosecutor  Chris 
Darden,  sums  up  the  field,  "When  I  look  at 
Lamar  Alexander,  I  don't  say,  'Aaah,  book.' 
When  I  look  at  Steve  Forbes  and  Pat 
Buchanan,  I  say,  'Aaaah,  book.' " 

But  not  just  any  book.  Publishing 
sources  say  that  a  few  years  ago,  Buchanan 




A  doubling  of  his  speaking  fees, 
from  $7,500  to  $15,000 

A  20%  stake  in  an  AM  radio  station 
in  Columbus,  Ohio 




^™a  million 

^■JT/^A      (ESTIMATED) 

,., ^^ 

75,000  years  of  tax-preparation 

at  H&R  Block  OR 
75,853  22-k 

plus  $2  n 



A  $300,000  pubiisr      -       - 


A  236-acre  prime  Napa  Valley 
vineyard  (which  could  produce 
885,000  bottles  of  Chardonnay 
a  year)  OR  79  Mercedes-Benz 
S-600  luxury  four-door 
sedans  OR  73,311  black  felt 

attempted  to  shop  around  a  weighty  man- 
uscript on  his  1992  campaign.  No  takers.  A 
dutiful  account  of  a  short-lived  presiden- 
tial bid  didn't  look  like  a  good  bet. 
Buchanan  might  do  better  this  time,  says  a 
prominent  editor,  if  he  offered  a  book  on 
"how  Dole  and  the  EstabHshment  tried  to 
force  him  out  of  the  race." 

The  third  of  the  big-three  cash  streams 
is  broadcasting.  In  his  last  13  months  on 
Crossfire,  Buchanan  made  $367,350.  When 
his  campaign  is  over,  says  cnn  spokesman 
Steve  Haworth,  "we  very  much  hope  to 
have  him  back."  No  doubt  they  do,  but 
Pitchfork  Pat's  higher  name  recognition 
should  make  his  fees  negotiable.  He  could 
also  take  a  second  crack  at  radio.  Hugh 
Rodham,  formerly  a  Florida  Senate  candi- 
date and  still  the  brother  of  the  First  Lady, 
launched  a  show  of  his  own  in  December 
that's  already  on  43  stations.  Buchanan's 
talk  show  last  year  was  picked  up  by  more 
than  100  stations,  enough  for  a  $232,000 
payday.  A  realistic  goal  now  would  be  to 
overtake  the  125  that  cany  defeated  Senate 
candidate  and  radio  talker  Oliver  North. 
Impassioned  also-ran  Alan  Keyes,  who 
used  to  host  a  talk  show  heard  in  10  markets, 
could  also  return  to  the  mike. 

But  what  do  you  get  for  Forbes,  the  man 
who  has  everytliing?  Product  placement. 
Whatever  else  it  was,  the  Forbes  campaign 
was  effectively  a  Foi'bes  campaign,  a  six- 
month  promo  for  the  candidate's  business 
magazine.  In  the  long  run,  the  boost  in  name 
recognition  for  his  publication  could  well  be 
worth  more  than  the  $30  million  Forbes 
spent  on  the  race.  (Compare  it,  for  instance, 
with  the  $150  million  Ford  Motors  spent  last 
year  to  relaunch  the  redesigned  Taurus.)  But 
to  realize  the  advantage,  Forbes  may  have  to 
return  friU-time  to  publishing.  In  the  first  two 
months  of  tliis  year,  while  he  was  away  from 
the  office,  ad  pages  dropped  23%  from  the 
comparable  period  in  1995. 

Media  execs  agree  that  whatever  the 
candidates  do  to  cash  in,  they  had  best  do  it 
soon.  Old  candidates  have  a  limited  shelf 
life.  How  limited?  We'll  know  this  summer 
when  bookstores  get  Gary  Hart's  The  Patri- 
ot: An  Exhortation  to  Liberate  America  from 
the  Barbarians.  Free  Press  editorial  director 
Adam  Bellow,  his  publisher,  says  it's  mod- 
eled on  Machiavelli's  The  Prince:  "He  pro- 
vides a  world  view  and  political  advice  to 
anyone  mnning  for  office  in  the  current  me- 
dia-saturated environment."  That  environ- 
ment, plus  Donna  Rice,  was  the  very  thing 
that  undid  Hart's  candidacy  in  1988.  How 
come  he  didn't  write  about  it  then?  "Well," 
says  Bellow,  "it  took  him  a  decade  to  fuUy 
grasp  the  implications."  Somebody  should 
have  bought  him  a  calculator.  —Reported 
by  Tom  Curry/New  York  and  Jeffrey  H.  Birnbaum/ 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 



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missiles  that  splash  down 
perilously  close  to  Taiwan 
and  put  its  armed  forces  on 
high  alert.  A  U.S  carrier  task 
force  cruising  the  area,  an- 
other sailing  toward  it.  Wash- 
ington assessing  whether— 
and  how— it  might  have  to  help  Taiwan 
should  the  island  be  attacked  by  China. 
These  are  the  most  serious  signals  to  date 
about  the  state  of  relations  between  the 
world's  sole  remaining  superpower  and 
its  sole  up-and-coming  superpower.  One 
misstep  and  one  misperception  after  an- 
other in  recent  years  have  bumped  the 
U.S.  and  China  closer  to  crisis.  The  latest 
rupture  has  been  triggered  by  China's 
harsh  warning  to  Taiwan,  underlined  by 
war  games  offshore,  that  it  must  remain 
committed  to  eventual  reunification  and 
squelch  whatever  dreams  of  indepen- 
dence it  might  be  harboring.  True,  what  is 
happening  off  Taiwan  is  pantomime 
rather  than  confrontation:  eager  to  avoid  a 
clash,  both  sides  are  merely  using  their 
military  to  lend  muscle  to  political  mes- 
sages. But  to  date  neither  Washington  nor 
Beijing  has  given  much  indication  that  it 
knows  the  other  well  enough  to  ensure 
that  pantomime  belligerence  does  not 
someday  give  way  to  the  real  thing. 

Over  the  next  decade— or  two  or  three- 
China  will  be  at  the  top  rung  of  American 
foreign-policy  challenges.  As  a  rising  nation, 
like  others  before  it,  China  is  demanding  re- 
spect in  proportion  to  its  strengdi.  That 
would  be  reason  enough  for  increased  con- 
cern in  the  U.S.— and  Asian  countries— but 
Washington  has  a  wider  range  of  interests  at 
stake  where  China  is  concerned. 

Foremost  is  trade.  The  U.S.  and  China, 
a  huge  and  largely  untapped  market  of  1.2 
billion  people,  now  do  $50  billion  worth  of 
business  with  each  other.  Beyond  that,  the 
enormous  amount  of  U.S.  commerce  with 
Asia  as  a  whole  gives  Washington  even 
more  reason  to  discourage  China  from  in- 
timidating its  neighbors,  to  say  nothing 
of  starting  a  war.  China  poses  a  particular 
security  worry  because  it  has  atomic 
weapons  and  has  sent  nuclear  technology 
to  other  countries.  Finally,  the  U.S.  has 
both  a  moral  and  a  realpolitik  interest  in 
seeing  China  improve  its  human-rights 
record.  Encouraging  the  establishment  of 
democracy  and  the  rule  of  law  not  only  sat- 
isfies America's  sense  of  mission  in  the 
world  but,  if  successful,  would  make  China 
more  stable. 

China  is  not  Haiti  or  Bosnia,  places 
where  America's  involvement  may  be  de- 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 



will  never  work.  What  should  Washington  do 

SHOW  OF  FORCE:  Chinese  troops  made 
their  point  late  last  year  during  amphibious 
exercises  on  the  Fujian  coast  facing  Taiwan 

sirable  but  is  ultimately  optional.  (Jhina  is 
not  optional.  A  half-century  after  World 
War  II,  the  U.S.  remains  the  dominant 
power  in  the  Pacific,  and  to  the  degree 
that  it  tries  to  maintain  influence  there,  it 
will  inevitably  knock  up  against  China's 
rising  importance.  The  peace  and  pros- 
perity of  the  world  in  the  next  century  de- 
pend in  many  ways  on  what  Beijing  does. 
How  should  the  U.S.  handle  it?  There  are 
essentially  two  prescriptions:  a  policy 
called  comprehensive  engagement,  and 
one  that  goes  under  the  old  cold-war 
name,  containment. 

The  goal  of  comprehensive  engage- 
ment, the  approach  pursued  by  all  U.S. 
Presidents  since  Richard  Nixon,  is  to 
bring  China  into  the  world  community 
through  broadly  based  dialogue  and 
diplomacy;  an  example  is  the  Pentagon's 
pohcy  of  expanding  contacts  with  the  Chi- 
nese military  through  naval  visits  and  of- 
ficial exchanges.  Admiral  R.J.  Zlatoper, 
the  commander  in  chief  of  the  U.S.  Pacif- 
ic fleet,  has  made  a  priority  of  better  mih- 
tary-to-military  relations.  "I  see  myself  as 
a  missionary,  not  just  a  war  fighter,"  he 
says.  "I  sense  on  the  Chinese  side  an  equal 
interest  in  being  engaged  with  us." 

The  advocates  of  containment  are  led 
by  an  odd-bedfellow  alliance  of  human- 
rights  activists  and  old  cold  warriors. 
"Both  [Senator  Edward]  Kennedy  and 
[Senator  Jesse]  Helms  are  in  a  pro-Taivv'an 
mode,"  says  a  senior  U.S.  official,  "the  for- 
mer because  of  China's  appalling  human- 
rights  record,  the  latter  because  Taiwan  is 
the  last  anticommunist  country  in  the 
world."  Angered  by  what  they  interpret  as 
Beijing's  uncompromising,  uncoopera- 
tive behavior,  the  containment  forces  are 
convinced  China  is  a  bully  that  needs  to 
be  disciphned,  not  indulged.  They  urge 
that  the  U.S.  get  tough  and  stop  acquiesc- 
ing. Says  former  Secretary  of  Defense 
Caspar  Weinberger:  "Their  whole  foreign 
policy  has  turned  suddenly  much  more 
aggressive,  and  that  bodes  no  good  for  the 
nature  of  any  people." 

Across  the  board,  the  critics  contend 
that  comprehensive  engagement  has 
amounted  to  giving  in  to  China  whenever 
the  two  countries  have  come  into  conflict. 
To  some  degree,  the  record  over  the  past 
few  years  bears  that  out.  China's  responses 
to  Washington's  efforts  have  been  "a  mixed 
bag,"  says  a  State  Department  official.  The 
U.S.  has  been  quietly  appreciative  of  Bei- 
jing's cutoff  of  military  assistance  to  the 
Khmer  Rouge  in  Cambodia  in  1990,  of  its 
cooperation  in  the  apparently  successful 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


effort  to  freeze  North  Korea's  nuclear- 
weapons  program  and  of  its  restraint  in  us- 
ing its  U.N.  Security  Council  veto  against 
U.S.  initiatives.  But  Washington  remains 
utterly  frustrated  by  insensitivity— if  not 
outright  resistance— to  other  American 
concerns  where  China  is  giving  little 
ground  or  no  ground  at  all. 

In  1993  President  Clinton  "delinked" 
Beijing's  human-rights  record  from  the 
annual  decision  on  whether  to  grant  Chi- 
na most-favored-nation  trading  status. 
The  rationale  was  that  repeated  attempts 
to  deny  this  status  had  not  only  made  Chi- 
na more  recalcitrant  but  also  threatened  to 
hurt  U.S.  business  in  China.  By  reinforc- 
ing trade  ties,  the  Administration  argued, 
the  U.S.  would  be  in  a  better  position  to  in- 
fluence China  on  human  rights.  But  Chi- 
na's record  has  not  improved.  The  State 
Department's  latest  annual  report,  made 
public  two  weeks  ago,  talks  of  "wide- 
spread and  well-documented  abuses," 
particularly  in  Tibet. 

Beijing  has  continued  to  test  atomic 
weapons,  transferred  nuclear-arms  tech- 
nology to  Pakistan  and  sold  missiles  to 
Iran.  Clinton  is  still  deciding  whether  to 
impose  certain  economic  sanctions  on 
China  to  punish  it  for  the  Pakistan  deal,  as 
the  law  requires,  or  to  waive  such  penal- 
ties as  he  has  in  similar  circumstances.  On 
the  trade  front,  there  is  also  disappointing 
news:  estimates  of  the  U.S.  trade  deficit 
with  China  range  from  $20  billion  to  $35 

biliion,  (Icpnulni-  on  how  I  lon.u  Kon,^ 
transshipments  are  counted;  moreover, 
Beijing  has  failed  to  vigorously  enforce 
agreements  with  the  U.S.  that  outlaw  pira- 
cy of  videos,  CDs  and  software. 

Meanwhile,  despite  assurances  that  it 
seeks  a  negotiated  solution,  China  has  rat- 
tled its  neighbors  by  claiming  sovereignty 
over  the  Spratly  Islands  in  the  South  China 
Sea,  where  six  countries  have  competing 
territorial  claims.  It  has  also  repeatedly  in- 
terfered in  the  affairs  of  Hong  Kong,  the 
British  colony  that  will  return  to  Chinese 
sovereignty  next  year,  supposedly  with  a 
"high  degree  of  autonomy." 

Beijing  is  also  building  up  its  militaiy 
In  1979  Deng  Xiaoping  told  the  generals 
and  admirals  of  the  People's  Liberation 
Army  that  they  would  have  to  wait  10  years 
before  they  could  collect  their  share  of  the 
wealth  created  by  modernization.  With  the 
military's  needs  relegated  to  the  lowest 
rung  in  his  grand  reform  scheme,  the  de- 
fense budget  was  effectively  frozen,  and 
manpower  was  pared  down  from  4  million 
to  3  million.  "Now  the  bill  has  come  due," 
says  a  Washington  analyst,  "and  the  post- 
Deng  leadership  is  paying." 

Washington  knows  China  is  playing 
catch-up  and  is  not  overly  worried  about 
the  military  expansion:  by  most  estimates 
it  will  be  at  least  two  decades  before  Bei- 
jing has  the  capacity— specifically  a  blue- 
water  navy— to  project  power  at  a  dis- 
tance. That  could  change,  of  course.  Last 

vear  an  uiiollicial  stiuK,  not  cndoiscd  by^^; 
the  U.S.  Defense  Department,  concluded S 
that  "Chinese  military  officials  believe  the? 
present  gap  in  their  capabilities  is  tempo-" 
rary  and  the  long-term  goal  is  to  be  a  glob-  ^ 
al  military  peer  of  the  U.S."  The  Clinton^ 
Administration  is  assessing  whether  to 
sell  China  technology  to  build  turbine  en- 
gines that  some  experts  think  could  be 
used    to    power    cruise    missiles.    Such 
weapons,  according  to  U.S.  Navy  officials, 
played  a  decisive  role  in  a  classified  war 
game,  simulated  in  1994,  in  which  Chi- 
nese forces  "defeated"  the  U.S.  Seventh 
Fleet  in  2010.  Later  this  year,  the  Nation- 
al Defense  University  in  Washington  will 
publish  a  study  that  estimates  that  China 
could  surpass  the  U.S.  as  a  superpower  in 
35  years. 

By  tolerating  the  ways  in  which  China 
acts  against  U.S.  interests,  the  Clinton  Ad- 
ministration would  seem  to  be  engaged  in 
a  very  generous  form  of  comprehensive 
engagement.  That  is  not  how  the  Chinese 
see  it.  As  far  as  they  are  concerned,  Chn- 
ton's  pohcy  is  containment  by  another 
name.  Not  only  have  Washington's  ha- 
rangues on  human  rights  rankled,  but 
there  have  been  other  sources  of  friction. 
Because  of  pressure  from  the  U.S.,  Beijing 
believes,  it  lost  its  bid  to  host  the  2000 
Olympics,  which  went  instead  to  Sydney, 
Australia.  Washington  has  blocked  China's 
membership  in  the  World  Trade  Organiza- 
tion, which  Beijing  wants  as  a  venue  for 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


reconciling  trade  disputes  and  obtaining 
more  favorable  tariff  treatment.  The  U.S. 
has  also  explored  a  closer  military  rela- 
tionship with  hidia,  against  which  China 
fought  a  war  in  1962,  and  last  year  estab- 
lished full  diplomatic  relations  with  Viet- 
nam, a  traditional  enemy  that  repulsed  a 
Chinese  inxasion  in  1979. 

James  Lilley,  a  former  U.S.  ambas- 
sador to  China,  explains,  "China  sees 
America  snuggling  up  to  India  and  kicking 
Pakistan  in  the  shins,  recognizing  Viet- 
nam, selling  F-16s  to  Taiwan,  walking 
hand  in  hand  with  Japan  into  the  21st  cen- 
tury, wanting  a  united  Korea  under  Seoul 
allied  with  the  U.S."  What  does  it  look  like 
from  the  Chinese  perspective?  Lilley  an- 
swers his  own  question:  "A  ring  around 

All  this  must  be  viewed  in  tlie  context 
of  Beijing's  current  state  of  fragility,  with 
Deng  Xiaoping  on  his  deathbed  and  his 
designated  successor,  Jiang  Zemin,  not 
firmly  in  control.  Despite  the  government's 
success  in  raising  the  standard  of  living,  its 
problem  list  is  long:  money-losing  state  en- 
terprises, more  than  100  million  basically 
unemployed  migrant  workers,  rampant 
corruption,  growing  gaps  between  rich  and 
poor  as  well  as  between  the  booming 
coastal  provinces  and  the  neglected  hinter- 
land—all tinder  for  potential  social  unrest. 
Perhaps  most  important,  an  ideologically 
bankrupt  Communist  Party  is  relying  on 
repression  and  nationalism  to  keep  itself  in 
power  and  the  country  united. 

Small  wonder  that  U.S. -China  ex- 
changes, as  Lilley  puts  it,  are  a  "dialogue 
of  the  deaf."  Weakened  initially  by  the  end 
of  cold-war  pressure  to  cooperate  against 
the  former  Soviet  Union,  the  relationship 
is  in  its  worst  shape  since  the  Tiananmen 
massacre  in  1989. 

What  should  the  U.S.  do?  For  all  the 
setbacks,  over  the  long  run,  comprehen- 
sive engagement,  in  a  more  muscular  form 
than  that  practiced  in  recent  years,  has  the 
best  chance  of  creating  a  balanced,  fruitful 
relationship.  The  U.S.  should  be  hard- 
nosed  on  nuclear  proliferation  and  intel- 
lectual-property rights,  and  may  find  it  ad- 
vantageous to  enlist  friends'  and  allies' 
support  in  that  endeavor  instead  of  going 
it  alone.  In  the  more  sensitive  area  of  hu- 
man rights,  a  breakthrough  will  probably 
have  to  await  the  arrival  of  a  new  genera- 
tion of  leaders  in  Beijing,  but  the  U.S. 
should  acknowledge  whatever  httle  prog- 
ress China  has  made.  Says  Burt  Levin,  a 
veteran  China  analyst  and  former  U.S. 
diplomat:  "Chinese  citizens  have  greater 
freedom  today  than  they  have  had  in  50 
years.  To  be  oblivious  to  that  is  foolish." 
Comprehensive  engagement,  sums  up 
Secretary  of  Defense  William  Perry,  "does 

not  mean  that  the  U.S.  will  acquiesce  to 
[Chinese]  actions  with  which  we  disagree. 
But  we  will  not  try  to  isolate  China  over 
these  issues.  You  cannot  isolate  a  country 
with  more  than  a  billion  people." 

Last  year  Joseph  Nye,  who  has  since  re- 
tired as  Assistant  Secretaty  of  Defense, 
warned,  "If  you  treat  China  as  an  enemy, 
China  will  become  an  enemy."  A  contain- 
ment policy  such  as  the  one  the  U.S.  used 
to  hem  in  Moscow,  says  Perry,  "could  actu- 
ally undermine  our  security,  because  a  Chi- 
na that  feels  encircled  is  quite  unlikely  to 
cooperate  on  vital  U.S.  security  interests. 
Containment  could  create  those  security 

problems.  It  could  piisli  r:liiii;i  lo  acceler- 
ate its  defense  iihmIci  Mi/iiimii,  which 
would  contribute  to  a  K-jional  arms  race, 
increasing  the  likelihood  of  militai^  con- 
flict in  hot  spots  like  Taiwan,  the  Spratly  Is- 
lands, the  Korean  peninsula." 

Containment  could  also  spark  a  trade 
war,  in  which  the  U.S.  and  China  might 
close  their  markets  to  each  other,  with 
ripples  spreading  to  other  countries  in 
the  Pacific.  Equally  important,  a  hard- 
line policy  toward  Beijing  would  put 
stress  on  U.S.  alliances  in  the  region.  "Not 
a  single  friend  and  ally  would  join  us  in 
such  a  strategy,"  suggests  a  ranking  Ad- 


2.9  million 


Source:  Military  Balance 


Missile-launching  site 

Troops  are  poorly  trained  for  modern  warfare.  Weaponry  is 
10  to  20  years  out  of  date 

Most  tanks  are  a  modified  version  of  the  Russian  T-54  first 
built  in  1947:  slow,  small,  poorly  armored 

Navy  is  small  (U.S.  has  137  warships)  and  suitable  only  for 
protecting  the  coast;  only  seven  warships  are  modern 

Aging  diesel  submarines;  Russian-built  Kilos  that  are  quiet, 
fast  and  able  to  spend  60  days  at  sea  have  been  ordered 

Combat  planes  are  re-engineered  Soviet-designed  aircraft 
produced  in  the  1960s  and  '70s.  No  airborne  radar  and 
warning  capability 

Intercontinental  missiles  have  ranges  of  9,300  miles  (15,000 
km)  and  4,350  miles  (7,000  km).  Intermediates  have  ranges 
of  1,700  miles  (2,700  km)  and  1,120  miles  (1,800  km) 

ff  Okinawa 
"     JAPAN 

^  and  battle  group 


Bremerton       Columbus 

South  Chine  Sea  Bunker  Hill 

Aegis  missile  cruiser 



Nimitz  group  on  the  way 


Chinese  military  exercise  areas 
Targets  of  Chinese  missile  tests 

TIMEMapbyPaulJ.  Pugliese 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


W    O    R    L    D 

ministration  official.  "We'd  be  all  alone, 
and  that  would  cause  severe  strains  with 
Japan,  South  Korea,  Australia  and  in 
Southeast  Asia."  Singapore  Senior  Minis- 
ter Lee  Kuan  Yew,  an  astute  analyst  of  the 
region,  takes  the  point  a  step  further: 
"The  last  thing  Asia  wants  is  contain- 
ment. First,  it  will  not  succeed.  Second, 
you  will  have  absolutely  no  influence  on 
how  China  and  its  attitudes  develop:  it 
will  be  hostile  and  xenophobic  to  the 
West,  and  that's  no  good  for  us."  Says 
Levin:  "Dealing  with  China  as  an  enemy 
strengthens  the  know-nothings  in  Beijing 
and  means  that  the  pragmatists  are  no 
longer  willing  to  carry 
America's  water." 

For  engagement  to 
work,  however,  the  LlS 
must  maintain  its  militan 
presence  in  Asia.  The  U  S. 
Pacific  Command  com- 
prises 200  ships,  2,000 
aircraft  and  300,000  sol- 
diers, sailors,  airmen  and 
Marines,  of  whom  100  000 
are  "forward  deployed"  m 
South  Korea,  Japan  and  at 
sea.  As  long  as  there  is  a 
danger  of  war  on  the  Koic- 
an  peninsula,  a  drav\'do\\ii 
of  U.S.  forces  is  unlikely,  in 
the  meantime,  they  helj) 
stabilize  the  entire  region 
The  presence  of  47,()()() 
U.S.  troops  in  Japan,  for  ex- 
ample, reassures  not  only 
Tokyo,  which  is  carefully 
monitoring  its  great  neigh- 
bor's rise  to  power,  but 
even  China,  which  along  with  other  Asian 
countries  is  worried  about  Japan's  rearm- 
ing. "We  are  concerned  about  what  kind  of 
China  will  emerge,"  says  Singapore's  Lee. 
"The  problem  is  of  such  gigantic  size  that  it 
is  not  solvable  in  the  Asian  context  alone.  It 
is  balanced  only  if  the  Americans  are  here, 
along  with  Japan.  America  alone  is  credible 
for  10,  maybe  15  years,  but  not  beyond." 

Right  now,  the  key  test  case  for  Amer- 
ica's China  policy  is  Taiwan.  On  March 
23,  it  will  hold  a  presidential  vote— the 
first  time  in  the  4,000  years  of  Chinese 
history  that  a  leader  will  be  chosen  in  a 
free  election.  The  winner  is  likely  to  be 
Lee  Teng-hui,  the  current  President,  who 
has  infuriated  Beijing  by  seeking  greater 
international  recognition  for  Taiwan. 
Beijing  insists  that  the  island  is  part  of 
China  and  eventually  it  will  be  reinte- 
grated. Lee,  at  least  officially,  accepts  the 
objective  of  reunification,  although  Bei- 
jing and  his  political  opponents  at  home 
have  been  questioning  his  sincerity. 

The  U.S.  too  is  pledged  to  a  one-China 

policy,  but  Beijing  has  come  to  suspect  that 
Washington  is  backing  away  from  it.  When 
the  U.S.  granted  Lee  Teng-hui  a  visa  last 
year  for  a  private  visit  to  his  alma  mater, 
Cornell  University,  Beijing  was  irate.  Hard- 
liners and  moderates  in  the  leadership  may 
disagree  on  any  number  of  questions,  but 
they  are  of  one  mind  when  it  comes  to  sov- 
ereignty over  Taiwan;  there  is  no  room  for 
compromise.  "No  leader  in  Beijing,"  says 
Ralph  Cossa,  executive  director  of  Pacific 
Forum  CSIS,  a  Honolulu  think  tank,  "could 
survive  if  he  lost  Taiwan."  Beijing's  current 
missile  diplomacy  backs  up  earlier  warn- 
ings by  President  Jiang  that  Taiwan  must 


stick  to  the  one-China  policy  and  that  a  de- 
claration of  independence  means  war. 

While  tlie  U.S.  acknowledges  that  the 
island  is  part  of  China,  it  is  also  pledged  to 
view  an  attack  on  it  with  "grave  concern"— a 
purposely  ambiguous  statement  that  not 
only  angers  America's  containment  advo- 
cates but  also  ftaistrates  Beijing.  When  Chi- 
nese officials  felt  out  Nye  in  late  1995  about 
a  U.S.  reaction  if  China  were  to  threaten  Tai- 
wan, he  told  them,  "Nobody  knows."  In  a  lat- 
er interview  with  Time,  he  elaborated,  say- 
ing, "There's  less  ambiguity  here  than 
meets  the  eye.  But  we  don't  want  either  side 
to  rock  the  boat.  We  don't  want  Taiwan  to  de- 
clare independence,  which  would  be  the 
case  if  we  gave  it  a  blank  check,  and  we 
don't  want  the  Chinese  to  use  aggressive  tac- 
tics, which  would  be  the  case  if  we  gave  them 
a  blank  check.  I  told  the  Chinese  that  vVmer- 
icans  are  unpredictable:  even  if  we  said  we 
wouldn't  defend  Taiwan,  the  U.S.  Congress 
and  the  American  public  might  change  their 
minds.  The  moral  of  the  story  is,  be  very 
cautious.  As  you  saw  in  1950— when  we  said 

we  weren't  going  to  do  anything  in 
Korea— we  were  at  war  within  the  year." 
The  generals  in  Beijing,  says  Andrew 
Nien-Dzu  Yang,  a  Taiwan  specialist  on  the 
Chinese  military,  "don't  want  a  confronta- 
tion with  the  U.S.,"  but  some  of  Beijing's 
rhetoric  about  the  U.S.  commitment  to 
Taiwan  has  had  a  harsh  tone.  Whether 
with  pure  bluster  or  a  touch  of  psy-war,  a 
member  of  the  general  staff  late  last  year 
told  Chas.  W  Freeman,  a  former  U.S. 
diplomat  in  Beijing  and  Assistant  Secre- 
tary of  Defense,  that  "America  will  not 
sacrifice  Los  Angeles  to  protect  Taiwan." 
At  this  point  China  lacks  the  military 
capability  to  bring  off  a 
S  successful  invasion  of  a 
3  well-defended  Taiwan. 
^  Even  if  the  Chinese  had 
I  the  amphibious  equip- 
?  ment  needed  to  move 
°  large  numbers  of  troops 
i  across  the  100-mile  Tai- 
wan Strait,  U.S.  military 
experts  estimate  that  Bei- 
jing would  have  to  deploy 
half  a  million  men  for  a 
victorious  assault  and  that 
casualties  would  be  in  the 
range  of  50%.  True,  China 
could  seriously  damage 
Taiwan's  economy  with  a 
naval  blockade  or  spo- 
radic missile  strikes,  but  it 
would  also  suffer  by  losing 
foreign  support,  particu- 
larly the  substantial  Tai- 
wanese investment  on  the 
mainland— $29  bilhon,  by 
most  estimates. 
For  now,  war  almost  certainly  is  not  on 
Beijing's  mind.  According  to  one  Chinese 
official,  "While  we  have  contingency 
plans  on  Taiwan,  we  do  not  intend  to  in- 
vade Taiwan."  As  matters  stand,  the  likely 
scenario  is  that  Taiwan  will  have  its  elec- 
tion this  Saturday;  Lee  will  win  and  per- 
haps declare  his  commitment  to  reunifi- 
cation more  explicitly,  thereby  allowing 
China  to  back  off.  Even  Beijing  agrees 
that  reunification  will  not  take  place  until 
some  time  in  the  future,  when  the  soci- 
eties on  the  two  shores  of  the  strait  are 
more  closely  synchronized.  The  immedi- 
ate crisis  will  pass,  and  the  two  sides 
will  not  have  irreparably  antagonized 
each  other.  But  how  will  they  fare  at 
resolving  the  next  conflict  when  it  comes 
along,  as  it  surely  will?  Comprehensive 
engagement  may  still  be  the  right  path, 
but  it  would  yield  better  results  if 
both  sides  also  engaged  in  more  mutual 
comprehension.  —With  reporting  by 

Lewis     M.     Simons    and    Marl(     Thompson/ 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 

U     N     1,    1     M     I     T    !■:     D         P    A     K     T    N     V.    K    S 








^(  John  Scanlaii  from  ARAMARK:  "They  said,  'Remember,  this  is  Atlanta  1996.  The  Centennial  Games.  This  has  to 

^^^  he  great.'  Well,  we  had  no  intention  of  duplicating  what  we  did  in  Barcelona  four  years  ago.  Or  Mexico  City  in  '68. 

^n"^  Or  any  of  the  Games  in  between.  We're  here  to  help  15,000  athletes  and  coaches  from  197  different  cultures.  Athletes 

AtlailtaW96  who  have  prepared  for  a  lifetime  to  be  better  than  they've  ever  been  in  that  lifetime.  We  know  that  takes  more  than  just  a 

Food  Service  Manager 

°otJp?cG™«'''  Standard  issue  menu.  Or  a  standard  issue  effort,  for  that  matter.  This  is  the  Olympic  Games.  You've  either  prepared  to 
be  great.  Or  you  haven't."  We  don't  just  rely  on  a  book  for  all  the  answers  at  ARAMARK.  We  have  no  magic  'Vlympic  Games  Menu" 
to  dust  off  every  four  years.  In  Atlanta,  we'll  customize  a  menu  for  every  single  athlete  if  that's  what  it  takes.  We'll  even  put  a  world-class 
kitchen  and  dining  hall  on  a  parking  lot.  It's  a  mind-set  that  makes  it  possible  for  John  to  add.  In  just  over  four  weeks,  we'll  prepare 
over  one  million  meals  designed  for  peak  athletic  performance.  Quhe  possibly  a  world  record."      ^^^  A  iJ  A  \A A  t7 1/^ 


"Govt.  MY  '96  data  useful  in  comparing  vehicles  witlnin  500  lbs.  "Always  wear  your  satety  belt. 

With  A  Five-Star  Rating, 

Ford  W^indstar  Beats  Every  Other  Minivan 

In  Government  Crash  Tests: 

Every  Windstar  comes  with  five  stars,  the  highest  possible 

front-end  crash  test  rating  for  both  the  driver  and  front  passenger. 

That's  because  every  Windstar  comes  with  a  reinforced  steel  safety  cell, 

standard  dual  air  bags**  and  crumple  zones.  It's  the  kind  of 
protection  every  kid  deserves.  And  that's  something  we  can  all  agree  on. 

^JrcC  ^ 



m  The  Lost 


A  monster  goes  on  the  rampage,  and  a 
small  town  in  Scotland  is  scarred  forever 


^^^dered,  on  the  streets  of  Dunblane 
H||  that  terrible  day  last  week,  the  sight 

headmaster  and  one  of  the 
first  to  reach  the  scene  of  the 
killings.  "We  don't  know  why, 
we  don't  understand  it,  and  I 
guess  we  never  will." 

So    far,    authorities    can 
only    put    together    the    se- 
quence of  events  that  led  to 
the  evil  of  Dunblane.  The  start 
might  be  traced  back  as  far  as 
1974,  when  Boy  Scout  officials 
dismissed  Hamilton,  then  21, 
for  "inappropriate  behavior" 
as  leader  of  a  local  troop,  and 
to  subsequent  incidents  in- 
volving his  attempts  to  orga- 
nize boys'  sports  clubs  in  the 
area.  Or  it  might  have  arisen 
from    his    fascination    with 
handguns,  which  he  obtained 
as  long  as  20  years  ago  and 
owned  legally  despite  strict 
British  laws.  But  whatever  its 
origins,  the  culmination  came 
at  around  9  a.m.  Wednesday 
when  Hamilton  left  his  shab- 
by bachelor  apartment  and 
headed    for    the    school.    A 
neighbor,  Kathleen  Kerr,  71, 
said  he  waved  to  her  as  he 
stepped    into    a    car.    "He 
seemed  cheerful  and  perfect- 

1 «f.^ 
*  TO 


^^^  of  the  anguished  woman  is  one  they 
H       can  never  forget,  a  defining  vision  of 
H       the  Scottish  town's  moment  of  hor- 



I^L         1 

ror.  "Victoria!"  she  cried,  as  a  convoy  of 
ambulances  sped  past,  sirens  screaming 
and  lights  flashing.  "Victoria!"  That  was 
one  of  the  names;  Victoria.  Others,  read 
out  in  a  mournful  voice  by  police  chief  su- 
perintendent Louis  Munn,  were  as  famil- 
iar and  as  evocative  of  middle-class  Scottish 


family  life:  Emma,  Melissa  and  Megan; 
Charlotte,    Kevin,    Ross    and    Hannah; 
David,  Mhairi,  Brett  and  Abigail;  Emily, 
Sophie,  John  and  Joanna.  Ordinary  names, 
pretty  names,  the  names  on  teachers'  at- 
tendance lists,  on  captions  of  school  pic- 
tures, on  programs  for  school  pageants,  on 
lineups  for  school  games.  And  they  are  the 
names  of  the  dead  and  maimed  of  Dun- 
blane's little  primary-school  gymnasium 
where  a  man  wdth  a  pocketful  of  pistols  and 
a    mind    filled    with    hatred    massacred 

In  all,  16  five-  and  six-year-old  first- 
graders  and  their  teacher  died  Wednesday 
when  a  failed  youth  leader  named  Thomas 
Hamilton,  43,  barged  into  the  school  and 


^m    i^m 

emptied  four  handguns  into  them  as  they 
screamed  and  cowered  in  the  gymnasium. 
Two  other  teachers  and  12  children  were 
wounded,  three  critically,  before  Hamilton 
put  one  of  the  guns  to  his  head  and  blew 
part  of  it  away.  Nobody  can  know  just  what 
monsters  of  the  psyche  drove  the  strange 
moonfaced  man's  mind  to  crack  at  that  mo- 
ment, or  why  he  chose  the  gentlest,  most 
innocent  of  the  school's  729  pupils  to  be  the 
victims  of  his  inner  torments  (see  Essay). 
For  those  who  lived  through  it,  the  ques- 
tions have  but  one  answer.  "Evil  visited  us 
yesterday,"  said  Ron  Taylor,  the  school's 

ly  happy,"  she  said. 

He  was  not.  In  the  pockets 
coat  he  carried  four  loaded  hand 
Browning  9-mm  automatics  anc 
magnum  revolvers— plus  a  packe 
ly  angry  letters  to  British  news 
tions  detailing  his  grievances  a 
town  for  treating  him  as  a  "perve 
parently  stopped  to  mail  the  left 
reached  their  destinations  two 
Then  he  went  directly  to  the  s 
was  at  the  entrance  at  about  9:2. 

He  started  shooting  in  the  pi 
then  down  a  corridor  as  he  mac 

of  a  black 
guns— two 
\  two  .357 

gainst  the 
ers,  which 
days  later, 
chool.  He 
5  a.m. 

e  his  way 

to  the  gymnasium.  Firing  from  a  corner  of 
the  room,  Hamilton  hit  teacher  Gwenne 
Mayor  as  she  tried  to  shield  the  29  chil- 
dren she  had  taken  there  for  phys  ed.  She 
died  on  the  spot.  Then  he  moved  around 
the    room,    methodically    shooting    the 
screaming  children,  chasing  some  as  they 
ran  and  pumping  at  least  one  and  some- 
times three  or  more  bullets  into  the  little 
bodies.  Then  he  retreated  to  a  corner  away 
from  the  carnage  and  fired  the  final  bullet 
into  his  own  brain. 

Rescuers  were  greeted  by  a  hellish  si- 

44                                                                                                                   TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 




lence:  no  cries,  no  screams,  very  little 
movement  at  all  amid  a  chaos  of  scattered 
shoes,  clothing,  blood  and  painfully  small 
bodies.  "I  just  cannot  get  the  images  out  of 
my  head,"  said  headmaster  Taylor. 

By  all  accounts  Hamilton  was  odd.  The 
woman  he  always  beheved  was  his  sister 
was,  in  reahty,  his  mother.  His  father, 
Thomas  Watt,  65,  abandoned  the  family 
when  Hamilton  was  18  months  old.  He 
never  took  interest  in  him  again  until  he 
learned,  with  shock,  of  the  kiUings.  "I  can't 
live  with  this,"  Watt  said.  "I  brought  this 

monster  into  the  world."  It  was  a  world 
that  proved  difficult  for  a  man  whose  com- 
pelling life  interest  appeared  to  be  youth 
leadership— but  who  was  regarded  in  town 
as  a  pedophile.  His  attempts  to  organize 
boys'  clubs  ended  when  parents  withdrew 
their  sons  after  hearing  of  Hamilton's  ab- 
normal interest  in  the  boys'  bodies.  Said 
Gerry  Fitzpatrick,  27,  owner  of  a  bar  in 
Dunblane  who  attended  one  of  the  clubs  in 
his  teens:  "He  would  make  us  take  off  our 
shirts  all  the  time.  He  liked  looking  at  us. 
There  was  something  creepy  about  him." 

If  some  thought  him  a  "sicko"  and  "a 
loner,"  no  one  could  have  foreseen  the 
depth  of  evil  in  their  midst.  At  the  local 
morgue,  hospital  chaplain  Jim  Benson 
comforted  parents  as  they  identified  their 
children.  But  no  words,  no  memorials  or 
visits  by  the  Queen  will  make  it  easier  for  a 
parent  to  comprehend  that  a  son,  a  daugh- 
ter is  never  going  to  wake  again.  After  one 
mother  looked  at  her  dead  child,  she  turned 
to  Benson  and  said,  "My  baby  always  sleeps 
like  that."  —Reported  fey  Michael  Brunton/ 
London  and  Barry  Hillenbrand/ Dunblane 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 



Why  Subsidies  Survive 

Congress  has  surrendered  in  the  war  against  corporate  welfare 

fW^P,  f^T^^ 


WHOM  DO  SUBSIDIES  HELP?  Shipbuilders  get  government  support  to  construct  vessels  that 
the  merchant  fleet  may  not  need.  Yet  Congress  is  unlikely  to  withdraw  the  funding 


ers  spend  to  promote  Uncle  Ben's 
rice  in  Poland,  Turkey  and  Saudi  Aj-a- 
bia.  The  $2  billion  government  outlay 
tliat  helps  keep  electric  power  a  bar- 
gain in  Aspen  and  Hilton  Head.  The  $3  mil- 
lion that  a  cargo-ship  owner  can  expect  to 
pocket  for  making  his  vessel  available  to 
Uncle  Sam  in  waitime— even  tliough  die 
Pentagon  no  longer  wants  it.  Was  it  only  a 
year  ago  that  the  full-tliroated  budget  war- 
riors of  die  Republican  revolution  were 
unleashing  a  pitiless  campaign  to  cut  off  die 
tens  of  billions  of  dollars  expended  each  year 
on  subsidies  and  tax  breaks  for  big  business? 
Earlier  this  month  a  bipartisan  group 
of  Senators  proposed  creating  an  indepen- 
dent commission  to  handle  corporate- 
welfare  reform.  This  is  Washington's  ver- 
sion of  "Please  continue  to  hold.  A  service 
representative  will  be  with  you  shortly." 
But  it  was  the  best  they  could  do,  since 
neither  Congress  nor  the  White  House 
seems  capable  of  tackling  the  issue. 

Even  that  feeble  effort  stands  litUe 

chance  of  being  taken  seriously.  The  ur- 
gency of  balancing  the  budget  has  given 
way  to  the  urgency  of  getting  re-elected. 
That  means  politicians  of  both  parties  will 
be  busy  collecting  campaign  contributions 
from  PACs  and  interest  groups  tied  to  the 
veiy  businesses  that  are  targets  of  reform. 

Ending  coiporate  handouts  is  one  of  the 
rare  topics  on  which  activists  and  think  tanks 
from  both  the  left  and  the  right  find  agree- 
ment. By  some  estimates,  the  government 
funnels  up  to  $75  billion  a  year  to  business, 
enough  to  account  for  almost  half  the  feder- 
al deficit.  The  Agriculture  Department,  for 
instance,  will  spend  $110  milHon  this  year  to 
adveitise  overseas  everything  from  V8  juice 
to  Friskies,  a  "market  promotion"  budget 
tiiat  is  almost  30%  higher  than  in  1995.  As 
these  companies  are  among  the  world's  best 
at  marketing,  "it's  hard  for  me  to  believe  that 
McDonald's  needs  government  bureau- 
crats to  tell  them  how  to  sell  Chicken 
McNuggets,"  says  Beau  Boulter,  chairman 
of  the  antitax  group  Capitol  Watch. 

Governments  have  long  used  subsidies 
as  economic-development  tools,  particu- 
larly in  nascent  industries.  But  economists 

argue  that  in  mature  industries  subsidies 
ultimately  do  harm  by  propping  up  ineffi- 
cient and  unproductive  firms. 

In  some  cases,  federal  help  distorts  the 
industries  it  seeks  to  stabilize.  For  instance, 
by  spending  billions  to  insulate  the  nation's 
dwindling  shipbuilding  industry  from 
cheaper  foreign  competition,  the  govern- 
ment may  be  temporarily  salvaging  high- 
paying  jobs.  But  why  put  more  ships  into  the 
water  when  the  ones  already  afloat  are  hav- 
ing trouble  making  a  profit?  Still,  this  De- 
pression-era program  stands  a  good  chance 
of  being  renewed  this  year— in  no  small 
measure  because  maritime  unions  and 
business  pacs  have  contributed  more  than 
$17  million  to  congressional  campaigns  over 
the  past  decade,  according  to  the  watchdog 
group  Common  Cause. 

Last  year  viitually  every  proposal  to  cut 
corporate  welfare  met  a  quiet  deadi  at  the 
hands  of  the  committees  that  pass  on  spend- 
ing and  tax  legislation.  Wliat  House  Budget 
Committee  chairman  John  Kasich  and  his 
forces  considered  unjustifiable  giveaways 
other  Congressmen  defended  as  vital  to 
their  districts.  In  die  end,  the  25  or  so  pro- 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


$1.1  million  for 
product  promotion 

$6.7  billion 

$630  million 




$13  million  for  military 

to  civilian  technology 

$10.3  billion 

$691  million 


$2.6  million  for 
product  promotion 

$1.5  billion 



e:  Cato  Inst.,  IMPACT'S  Beverage  Studies,  foreign  Agriculture  Service    All  figures  1994 

grams  considered  most  egregious  by  critics 
from  all  sides— say,  building  logging  roads 
for  timber  companies  at  government  ex- 
pense—saw their  budgets  nicked  some  $2.6 
billion,  or  only  16%,  says  Stephen  Moore,  fis- 
cal-policy director  of  the  libertarian-leaning 
Cato  Institute.  And  for  all  its  denunciation  of 
"aid  to  dependent  corporations,"  the  White 
House  actually  recommended  a  4%  increase 
in  spending  for  those  programs. 

Kasich  has  pledged  to  renew  the  fight, 
but  he  has  already  given  up  at  least  half  the 
battle.  This  year  the  Budget  Committee 
will  focus  its  effort  entirely  on  direct  pay- 
ments the  government  makes  to  business, 
ignoring  the  estimated  $50  billion  a  year 
Washington  grants  in  tax  breaks. 

The  Repubhcans  are  aware  that  voters 
will  not  rally  to  a  party  that  doesn't  extend  the 
war  on  entitlements  to  wealthy  contributors 
as  well  as  less  powerful  interests.  "It  obvi- 
ously harms  our  credibility,"  says  Arizona 
Repubhcan  John  McCain,  a  leading  backer 
of  the  idea  of  creating  an  independent  com- 
mission. "And  that's  why,  over  time,  we're 
going  to  succeed."  —With  reporting  by 

Bernard  Baumolii/New  York 

A  Fork  in  Tobacco  Road 

Liggett  breaks  ranks  and  settles  several  lawsuits. 
Can  the  other  cigarette  makers  still  hang  tough? 

City  hotel,  after  two  adversaries  agreed  to 
settle  a  hard-fought  case  about  defective 
plumbing  pipes.  "What  are  you  going  to 
do  next?"  New  York  attorney  Marc  Ka- 
sowitz  asked.  Don  Barrett,  a  Mississippi 
lawyer,  explained  that  he  was  involved  in 
his  state's  lawsuit  to  recoup  Medicaid  mon- 
ey spent  treating  smoking-related  illnesses. 
Kasowitz  quizzed  him,  but,  says  Barrett,  "I 
didn't  realize  he  was  the  personal  friend  and 
attorney  for  Ben  LeBow."  Not  until  a  few 
weeks  later,  that  is,  when  Kasowitz  called 
Barrett  to  arrange  a  meeting  and  floated  the 
news  that  his  client,  Bennett  LeBow,  major- 
ity shareholder  in  the  Liggett  Group,  was 
ready  to  cut  a  deal. 

With  the  announcement  last  week  that 
Liggett,  the  smallest  of  the  na- 
tion's five  major  cigarette  mak- 
ers, had  agreed  to  settle  the  Cas- 
tano  class  action  in  Louisiana  on 
behalf  of  all  smokers  and  five 
state  Medicaid  suits  against  cig- 
arette makers,  the  landscape  of 
tobacco  litigation  underwent  a 
seismic  shift.  In  real  dollars,  the 
terms  of  the  agreement— Liggett 
will  wind  up  paying  less  than 
$2  milhon  a  year  over  the  next 
25  years  toward  antismoking 
programs,  and  will  comply  with 
proposed  Food  and  Drug  Ad- 
ministration rules  about  mar- 
keting to  children— have  little 
bite.  Any  capitulation,  however, 
marks  a  drastic  change.  Publicly, 
at  least,  the  other  tobacco  com- 
panies are  hanging  tough.  "We  haven't 
changed  our  assessment  on  strategy,  which 
is  that  we  don't  intend  to  settle  these  cas- 
es," says  Steven  Parrish,  senior  vice  presi- 
dent for  corporate  affairs  at  Philip  Morris. 
But  Time  has  learned  that  even  before 
news  of  the  Liggett  deal  broke,  other  settle- 
ment feelers  had  gone  out.  Florida  state  sen- 
ate minority  leader  Ken  Jenne  says  that  last 
Tuesday  he  was  approached  by  Jon  L. 
Shebel,  president  and  ceo  of  the  powerful 
Associated  Industries  of  Florida,  a  lobbying 
group  that  includes  Phihp  Morris,  R.J. 
Reynolds  and  the  Tobacco  Institute.  Shebel 
confirms  that  a  conversation  took  place  in 
which  actual  dollar  amounts  were  bandied 
about.  He  admits  that  he  mentioned  pay- 
ments of  $105  million  a  year,  "for  a  long 
time,  maybe  indefinitely,"  to  setde  the  state's 

$1.4  billion  lawsuit.  He  says  he  was  not  talk- 
ing with  Jenne  at  the  behest  of  the  tobacco 
industry,  but  comments,  "We  all  know  who 
the  targets  of  this  lawsuit  are."  Tobacco- 
industry  lawyers  say  they  know  nothing  of 
the  talk.  "Philip  Morris  doesn't  want  to  set- 
tle," says  a  tobacco-industry  lawyer.  "We 
don't  know  what  Shebel  is  doing." 

What  the  other  cigarette  companies  do 
is  of  little  interest  to  LeBow,  a  takeover 
artist  who  has  set  his  sights  on  R.J.  R.  Nabis- 
co. "He's  in  it  to  make  money,"  says 
Richard  Scruggs,  one  of  whistle-blower 
Jeffrey  Wigand's  lawyers,  who  is  helping 
on  the  Mississippi  Medicaid  suit.  "This  is  a 
very  sophisticated  business  transaction  by 
Bennett  LeBow."  If  LeBow  can  force  a 
merger  between  Liggett  and  R.J.R.,  then 

settle  the 

Five  attorneys  general  agreed  with  Liggett  to 
Medicaid  suits,  and  others  may  in  the  future 

R.J.R.  will  participate  in  the  settlement, 
moving  out  from  under  the  shadow  of  in- 
cessant litigation,  boosting  its  stock  price 
and  enabhng  LeBow  to  split  the  company's 
food  and  tobacco  divisions.  Even  if  this 
scheme  fails,  LeBow  tells  Time,  "it  was  a 
good  economic  deal  for  us  to  settle." 

In  fact,  the  costs  of  the  settlement  are 
about  one-fifth  what  the  company  has  been 
hemorrhaging  in  legal  fees  each  year,  not  to 
mention  its  share  of  the  record  $4.1  million 
in  political  donations  made  by  tobacco 
companies  in  1995.  The  only  losers  in  the 
great  tobacco  sweepstakes  may  be  all  those 
smokers,  who  will  get  no  cash— only  the 
chance  to  attend  a  Smokenders  class  on  the 
industry's  dime.  —By  Elizabetli  G/eicfc. 

Reported  by  Elisabetli  Kauffman/Nasliville,  Elaine 
Rivera/New  York  and  Elaine  Shannon/Washington 

TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 


B    U    S    I    N    E    S    S 

Luxury's  Gaudy  Times 

Back  in  form,  the  rich  have  decided  that  modest 
spending  is  better  left  to  those  who  can  afford  it 


ried  about  their  jobs  and  armpit-deep  in 
debt,  why  do  Mont  Blanc's  five  U.S. 
stores  keep  running  out  of  their  888 
Prince  Regent  pens,  at  $5,900  a  pop?  And 
why  does  Chanel  have  a  waiting  fist  for  its 
$2,999  double-breasted  tweed  dresses  for 
■  spring,  which  have  yet  to  reach  the  stores? 
;  Well,  if  you  have  to  ask,  it's  because 
(the  rich  are  back  to  being  different.  Fol- 
'  lowing  a  brief,  unsatisfying  fling  with 
;  modesty  in  the  early  1990s,  they've  re- 
inewed  their  lust  for  luxe  and  are  making 
J  upscale  stores  the  brightest  spot  on  the 
;  dowdy  U.S.  retail  scene. 

■92  '93  '94  '95  '95 


POSH  IS  HOT:  And 
discount  is  not 

Paris  designer  Marie-Claude  Lahque 
has  seen  this  frenzy  close  up.  When  La- 
hque signed  crystal  ware  and  bottles  of 
perfume  at  Manhattan's  tony  Bergdorf 
Goodman  store  last  week,  shoppers 
snapped  up  nearly  100  items,  including 
$2,750  perfumes  and  a  $4,700  vase.  "In 
two  hours  we  did  the  kind  of  business  we 
normally  do  in  six  months,"  said  an  awed 
spokeswoman  for  Lahque's  company. 

Profits  at  Tiffany  jumped  34%,  to  a 
record  $39  million  in  1995,  even  as  mass 
merchants  such  as  Caldor  and  Jamesway 
were  trooping  into  bankruptcy  court  and 
closing  hundreds  of  stores.  Gucci,  the  once- 
moribund  designer  and  retailer  of  fashion 
apparel,  has  come  roaring  back  under 
Bahrain-based  Investcorp,  which  said  just 
last  week  that  it  plans  to  sell  its  remaining 
51%  stake  in  Gucci  to  the  pubhc  for  some 
$1.1  billion  this  year.  Investcorp  will  also 
sell  shares  in  its  resurgent  Saks  Fifth  Av- 
enue chain  this  year,  six  years  after  buying 
the  once-fiagging  operation. 

The  success  of  such  stores  reflects  a 

widening  split  in  the  U.S.  be- 
tween families  with  moderate 
and  middle  incomes  and  those 
earning    $100,000    or    more. 
Says  Maureen  McGrath,  who 
follows  retailing  for  Smith  Bar- 
ney:  "Affluent  consumers   are 
becoming  more  affluent  while 
the  less  affluent  are  becoming 
less  so." 

This  gap  shows  up  dramatical 
ly  on  the  selling  floor.  Isaac  Lagns 
do,    publisher   of   Tactical   Retail 
Monitor,  an  industry  newsletter,  es- 
timates that  sales  of  designer  items 
such  as  $200  Hermes  scarves  and 
$1,745  Chanel  handbags  grew  a  whop- 
ping 18%  last  year,  to 
$30  billion,  while  sales 
of    general    merchan- 
dise—everything   from 
toys     to     towels     to 
T  shirts— rose         only 
4.5%,  to  $575  billion. 
"The  low  end  is  tapped 
out,"      says      Merrill 
Lynch    analyst    Peter 
Caruso.  Indeed,  cred- 
it-card   delinquencies 
are  at  a  10-year  high. 
And       feeble       sales 
growth  has  forced  dis- 
counters such  as  Wal-Mart,  K  Mart  and 
Toys  R  Us  to  squeeze  pricing  until  the 
bottom    hne   hurts;    underperforming 
stores  are  being  forced  shut. 

So  while  Payless  ShoeSource  clos- 
es or  relocates  some  10%  of  its  4,500 
discount     stores,     Gucci     can't     keep 
enough  of  its  $295  high-heel  pumps  in 
stock.  Nor  has  business  slowed  at  Geary's 
Beverly  Hills  in  that  California  city,  where 
tableware  goes  for  $1,000  a  setting.  Geary's 
wrapped  up  its  best  fall/Christmas  season 
ever  last  year.  Crows  president  Bruce  Mey- 
er: "Our  customers  want  something  to  sep- 
arate them  from  the  crowd." 

All  this  marks  a  sea  change  from  the 
sackcloth  style  of  recent  years.  "The  begin- 
ning of  the  '90s  was  a  reaction  against  the 
glitz  and  conspicuous  consumption  of  the 
'80s,"  says  Valerie  Steele,  a  professor  of 
fashion  history  at  the  Fashion  Institute  of 
Technology  in  New  York  City.  "And  you 
saw  that  in  the  'Gapification'  of  America. 
Now  there  is  a  return  to  the  status  of  fash- 
ion, luxury  and  quality."  And  how.  Just  ask 

'92  '93  '94  '95  '96 

Chanel,  where  women 
have  reserved  the  com- 
pany's entire  new  line  of 
$750  khaki  pants  even 
though  the  Gap  offers  a 
comparable  look  for  about 
$38  a  pair. 

The  revitalization  has 
been  paying  dividends  for 
posh  brands  and  retailers. 
"We  have  been  absolutely 
driven  by  luxury  products 
in  the  past  18  months,"  says 
Rose-Marie  Bravo,  president 
of  Saks  Fifth  Avenue.  "Con- 
sumers want  you  to  know  they 
have  it  [upscale  style],  but  they 
don't  want  to  shout."  As  an  ex- 
ample of  this  quieter  elegance. 
Bravo  points  to  the  sleek  and 
somber  fines  of  Jil  Sander,  where 
a  suit  averages  about  $3,000. 

That's  what  Chanel  presi- 
dent Arie  L.  Kopelman  calls  in- 
vestment dressing— paying  big 
bucks  for  attire  that  can  wear  well 
and  remain  a  fashion  statement 
tor  years  to  come.  "It's  not  just  a 
plirase,"  Kopelman  says  of  his 
comage.  "It  [means]  pride  in  own- 
ership." He's  not  lacking  for  "in- 
vestors": sales  rose  20%  at  Chanel 
last  year. 

In  the  midst  of  anxious  times, 
some  consumers  have  decided 
that  "dressing  well  is  the  best  re- 
venge," using  high  fashion  to 
show  they've  still  got  their  jobs 
and  station  in  life.  It's  called 
"let  your  Ferragamos  do  the 
talking,"  says  Isaac  Lagnado. 
And  many  people  are  doing 
list  that.  "Business  is  boom- 
nig  across  the  board,"  says 
iVlassimo  Ferragamo,  pres- 
ident of  Salvatore  Ferra- 
gamo. "Sales  are  running 
55%  ahead  of  last  year." 
The  top-end  sellers 
don't  see  anything  out 
there  that  could  take 
the  icing  off  their  cake, 
and  they  continue  to  ex- 
pand. At  the  Ferragamo 
men's  and  women's 
shop  in  Manhattan's 
Trump  Tower,  de- 
mand for  such  items  as 
;s  and  $2,260  leather  jack- 
ets has  grown  so  brisk  that  customers  mayp 
purchase  no  more  than  10  in  any  one  cate-!^ 
gory  such  as  coats  or  pairs  of  shoes.  Per-p 
haps  they'll  just  have  to  think  of  it  as  shar-g 
ing  the  wealth.  —Reported  by  Stacy  Perman/'^ 
New  York  and  Jacqueline  Savaiano/Los  Angeles    m 

$825  zip-top  'i 


TIME,  MARCH  25, 1996 

Even  If  All 

These  Airlines  Memed, 

We'd  Still  HyNonstopTo 

More  Cities  In  Europe. 















From  The  U.S.,  Nobody  Gives  You  More  Of  Europe,  Nonstop 

We  don't  stop  with  the  usual  nonstops  to  London,  Paris,  Rome  and  Frankfurt. 
We  cover  well  over  a  dozen  more  major  cities  in  Europe,  too.  Chances  are  that 
wherever  business  takes  you.  Delta  can  take  you  nonstop. 

In  fact,  we  offer  the  only  nonstops  from  the  U.S.  to  Berlin,  and 
from  the  U.S.  to  Nice.  And  our  European  schedule  is  so  extensive, 
we  have  a  separate  hub  in  Frankfurt  to  take  you  on  to  even 
more  cities  throughout  Eastern  Europe. 

British  Airways 

So  when  business  calls  you  across  the  Atlantic,  l^ivi  ■  I  Jl  I  /^■l\>TV/~%l  J 

don't  waste  time  calling  a  lot  of  other  airlines. 



Just  call  your  Travel  Agent,  or  Delta 
at  1-800-241-4141. 



You'll  love  the  way  we  fly  *  *  ^■''" 





1^     E     C     H     M     Q     L     Q     G     Y 


Maybe  so,  as  Deep  Blue's  chess  prowess 
suggests.  And  that  sparks  a  f  rosh  debate 
about  the  naturo  of  mind.  Is  it  just  neurons? 


in  last  month's  celebrated  chess  match,  he  wasn't  just  after 
more  fame  and  money.  By  his  own  account,  the  world  chess 
champion  was  playing  for  you,  me,  the  whole  human 
species.  He  was  trying,  as  he  put  it  shortly  before  the  match, 
to  "help  defend  our  dignity." 
Nice  of  him  to  offer.  But  if  human  dignity  has  much  to 
do  with  chess  mastery,  then  most  of  us  are  so  abject  that  not 
even  Kasparov  can  save  us.  If  we  must  vest  the  honor  of  our  species  in  some 
quintessentially  human  feat  and  then  defy  a  machine  to  perform  it,  shouldn't 
it  be  something  the  average  human  can  do?  Play  a  mediocre  game  of  Trivial 
Pursuit,  say?  (Or  lose  to  Kasparov  in  chess?) 

Apparently  not.  As  Kasparov  suspected,  his  duel  with  Deep  Blue  indeed 
became  an  icon  in  musings  on  the  meaning  and  dignity  of  human  life.  While 
the  world  monitored  his  narrow  escape  from  a  historic  defeat— and  at  the 
same  time  marked  the  50th  birthday  of  the  first  real  computer,  eniac— he 
seemed  to  personify  some  kind  of  identity  crisis  that  computers  have  in- 
duced in  our  species. 

Maybe  such  a  crisis  is  in  order.  It  isn't  just  that  as  these  machines  get  more 
powerful  they  do  more  jobs  once  done  only  by  people,  from  financial  analy- 
sis to  secretarial  work  to  world-class  chess  playing.  It's  that,  in  the  process, 
they  seem  to  underscore  the  generally  dispiriting  drift  of  scientific  inquiry. 
First  Copernicus  said  we're  not  the  center  of  the  universe.  Then  Darwin  said 
we're  just  protozoans  with  a  long  hst  of  add-ons— mere  "survival  machines," 
as  modern  Darwinians  put  it.  And  machines  don't  have  souls,  right?  Certainly 
Deep  Blue  hasn't  mentioned  having  one.  The  better  these  seemingly  soul- 
less machines  get  at  doing  things  people  do,  the  more  plausible  it  seems  that 
we  could  be  soulless  machines  too. 

But  however  logical  this  downbeat  argument  may  sound,  it  doesn't  appear 
to  be  prevailing  among  scholars  who  ponder  such  issues  for  a  living.  That  isn't 
to  say  philosophers  are  suddenly  resurrecting  the  idea  of  a  distinct,  immateri- 
al soul  that  governs  the  body  for  a  lifetime  and  then  drifts  off  to  its  reward. 
They're  philosophers,  not  theologians.  When  talking  about  some  conceivably 


Illustration  for  TIME  by  Brian  Cronir 

By  Pregnant  Women  May  Result  in  Fetal 
Injury,  Premature  Birth,  And  Low  Birth  Weight. 



urm  is  loml 

Case,  M(Namee,  Winblad  On  IPO  Madness    Linda  Stone's  Virtual  Worlds    lntera(fi've  TV  Not  Dead  Yet    Asian  PCs  Invade  U.S.    Intranet  Wars:  Guess  Who  Wins? 



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.-  The  mission  of  Amorel 

dedicated  cyclist  the  b 

^jD-jf  I  a\j);/j;j£(  ■i;jjj^jjAj£| 

With  S/390,  you  can  tel 

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Carlos  Prosperi 

Carlos  Prosperi  deu  entrada  na  emergencia  ^s  19:00 
horas  no  dia  28/11/91.  Foi  vftima  de  urn  acldente  de 
carro  aproximadamente  Jis  18:30  horas.  Atendido 
pelo  Dr.  Bandeira.  A  sua  mao  esquerda  ficou  presa  na 
porta  do  carro.  que  abriu  e  fechou  durante  o  acidente. 
Ao  ser  inlemado,  tinha  dores  e  sangramenlo  na  mao 
esquerda.  Havia  suspeita  da  existencia  de  vSrias 
fraturas  e  foram  solicitados  Raios  X. 

hem  to  plug  in  instead. 

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It's  been  two  years  since  the  editors  lost  hunkered  down  in  Upside's  airless  cell  of  a  conference  room  to  hash  out  a  list 
of  the  100  most  influential  people  in  the  so-called  "convergence  industry"  that  we  call  our  business  (which  includes 
information  technology  media  and  telecommunications). 
And  now  we  know  why.  Constructing  this  list  and  getting  editors'  rankings  caused  full-scale  e-mail  warfare  ("I  can't  believe 
Esther  Dyson  is  number  1 21").  The  decision  not  to  include  people  like  Vint  Cerf — ^we  called  him  the  Father  of  the  Internet  in 
1 994 — may  be  heartless,  but  to  paraphrase  Janet  Jackson,  what  has  he  done  for  us  lately?  The  same  could  be  said  of  Al 
Gore,  upon  vt/hom  we  once  lavished  praise  as  "one  of  the  information  highway's  biggest  champions."  This  time  around,  Gore 
failed  to  register  even  a  blip  on  our  radar  screen.  Cry  us  a  river. 

Our  goal  is  not  to  pay  homage  to  on  aging  list  of  Hall  of  Famers,  but  to  recognize  those  running  the  show  right  now.  So 
here  goes.  We've  ranked  them  so  you  con  waste  time  in  the  lunchroom  hooting  and  hollering,  just  as  we  did,  about  whether 
anyone  at  IBM — let  alone  Lou  Gerstner — deserves  a  place  on  the  list. 

1.  Bill  Gates,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
Microsoft  Corp. 

The  mountain  has  come  to  Mo- 
hammed. Gates  hfted  his  head 
from  the  sand  in  time  to  prove  he 
really  could  leap  to  the  top  of  the 
Internet  business  in  a  single  bound.  Now 
that  he's  turned  his  gaze  to  content,  we'U  see 
if  he  can  turn  Microsoft  into  the  iibermedia 

2.  Andy  Grove,  President  and  CEO, 
Intel  Corp. 

Grove  has  coached  Intel  into  a 
league  of  its  own.  With  Intel's 
market  value  topping  $83  billion, 
it's  hard  to  find  any  real  competi- 
tion for  the  microprocessor  company.  On  top 
of  that,  Grove  has  the  nerve  to  write  a  book 
about  how  paranoid  he  is. 


3.  John  Doerr,  Partner,  Kleiner, 
Perkins,  Caufield  &  Byers 

Doerr  is  the  Internet's  sugar  daddy. 
The  companies  he  has  kick-started 
and  sits  on  the  boards  of  comprise 
a  who's  who  of  Net  newcomers, 
and  he  has  opened  KPCB's  wallet  for  a  $100 
miUion  Java  fund.  He  also  became  the  poster 
boy  for  those  opposing  shareholder-htigation 
legislation  at  the  state  and  national  levels. 

4.  Michael  Eisner,  Chairman  and 
CEO,  The  Walt  Disney  Co. 

Eisner  has  rebuilt  Disney  into  the 
most  prolific  and  highest-grossing 
studio  in  Hollywood,  and  kept 
mega-ego  Michael  Ovitz  in  check. 
Disney's  acquisition  of  Cap  Cities/ABC 
doesn't  appear  to  have  caused  even  minor 
financial  indigestion — so  far. 


5.  Larry  Ellison,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
Oracle  Corp. 

l-nvv  hull  Of  mock  him,  hut  don't  dis- 
miss him.  When  Lairy  says  "NC,"  the 
computer  industry  goes  back  to  the 
drawing  board.  At  least  Ellison  has  the 
guts  to  take  on  the  Sisyphean  task  of  tackling  Bill 
Gates  with  an  unproved  concept.  Maybe  his  new 
stature  as  No.  5  on  the  Forbes  400  list  helps. 

<^       6.  Scott  McNealy,  President  and  CEO, 
^m      Sun  Microsystems  inc. 
J-  f      Recently  married  (and  a  father),  McNealy 
L^  has  settled  contfortably  into  his  latest  task: 

preserving  Sun's  workstation  dominance 
^  *■  and  taking  Java  to  new  heights.  Behind  his 
loud-mouthed,  frat-boy  demeanor  Hes  a  highly  compe- 
tent exec  with  a  leading  company  in  the  network  age. 

7.  Jim  Clark,  Chairman,  Netscape 
Communications  Corp. 

It  takes  a  hell  of  a  man  to  catch  Bill  Gates 
with  his  pants  down.  But  the  honeymoon's 
over,  and  Clark's  Midas  touch  has  put  him 
squarely  in  Gates'  rifle  sights.  He  hasn't 
become  gun-shy,  though:  Ln  his  newest  venture,  an  on- 
line health  care  service,  he'll  face  an  entire  industry  of 
entrenched  powers. 

WKBKM     &•  Jim  Barksdale,  CEO,  Netscape 
HRPHB     Communications  Corp. 

W  -*•  turn     OK,  we  laiow  that  Microsoft  is  catching  up 
r     -"^  jB     in  the  browser  wars.  Barksdale  isn't  cowed, 
\^^l     but  says  Microsoft's  apps  business  is  a  hun- 
gry "bulldog"  that  must  be  fed — at  the 
expense  of  its  Internet  strategy.  Instead,  Netscape's 
going  after  a  bigger  bone:  the  intranet  server  market. 

9.  John  Chambers,  President  and  CEO, 
Cisco  Systems 

Chambers  is  on  a  buying  spree  (six  com- 
panies this  year,  including  $4  billion  for 
StrataCom,  with  more  on  the  way)  to 
match  escalating  Internet  demand.  Cham- 
bers has  used  an  easygoing  style  to  manage  disparate 
acquisitions  and  grow  Cisco  into  a  networking  domi- 
nance on  par  wdth  Intel's  and  Microsoft's  control  of 
their  respective  markets. 

10.  Reed  Hundt,  Chairman,  Federal 

Hundt  is  no  paper  pusher,  and  he's  made  it 
clear  that  fostering  competition  is  his  top 
priority.  He  managed  to  muzzle  the 
screeches  of  the  telecom  industry's  300- 
pound  gorillas — the  RBOCs  and  the  long-distance  ser- 
vice providers — and  pass  the  landmark  Telecom 
Reform  Act.  Next  battleground:  Intemet  telephony. 

1 1.  Rupert  Murdoch,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
News  Corp.  Ltd. 

MLiidoch  has  more  money  and  chutzpah 
ihiui  God — enough  to  buy  up  international 
media  companies,  launch  digital  broadcast- 
ing systems  iind  24-hour  TV  channels,  con- 
trol TV  stations  that  reach  40  percent  of  American 
viewers,  and  top  off  a  hard  day's  work  by  insulting  Ted 
Turner's  wife.  And  just  when  you  thought  he'd  overex- 
tended News  Corp.'s  debt  for  the  last  time,  he  reels  in 
MCI  for  a  $2  billion  cash  fix. 

1 2.  Esther  Dyson,  President, 

La  Dyson  is  the  highest-ranking  member 
of  the  Upside  EUte  whose  stature  is  based 
entirely  on  her  abUity  to  influence  others 
writh  her  ideas  rather  than  directly  control 
companies  or  huge  amounts  of  capital.  Dyson  has 
defied  the  traditionally  short  pundit's  life  span 
(remember  WiU  Zachmann?)  with  more  than  two 
decades  of  savvy  technology  analysis. 


1 3.  Nathan  Myhrvold,  Chief  Technical 
Officer,  Microsoft  Corp. 

Myhrvold  is  the  man  vnth  the  v\rrench, 
matching  Gates'  business  vision  with 
technical  acumen.  So  good  is  he  that  Gates 
has  now  handed  over  much  of  the  respon- 
sibility for  converting  Microsoft  into  a  consumer  prod- 
ucts/media company  to  Myhrvold. 

14.  Louis  Gerstner,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
IBM  Corp. 

When  Gerstner  took  the  top  spot  at  Big 
Blue,  spectators  griped  that  the  ailing 
company  needed  a  "visionary" — and  he 
wasn't  it.  Maybe,  but  he's  proved  the 
naysayers  wrong.  IBM's  Internet  Products  Division 
has  taken  it  off  the  sidelines,  and  the  company  is 
growing  once  again. 

1 5.  Steve  Ballmer,  Executive  Vice 
i  Ifc..      President,  Microsoft  Corp. 

Wjl^^^K     If  Gates  decides  to  stay  home  and  play 

■HbHh      house  husband  for  his  new  baby,  Ballmer 

^^^^Bl     is  the  person  most  likely  to  succeed  him. 

Ballmer's  Tasmanian  Devil  routine  keeps 

Microsoft  in  overdrive  and  his  fortune  boosted  him 

to  lucky  No.  13  on  the  Forbes  400. 

16.  Rick  Sherlund,  Partner  and  Software 
Analyst,  Goldman  Sachs  &  Co. 

Part  Marlboro  Man,  part  Wharton,  Sher- 
lund's  longish,  sandy-blond  hair  and 
geek  glasses  belie  his  power  to  cause 
investors  to  drop  Microsoft  and  Oracle 
ke  hot  branding  irons. 


DECEMBER     1996    UPSIDE 

U|9sicl^^s    eii*^     1 

■■■■■     1 7.  Gil  Amelio,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
^^^^H     Apple  Computer  int. 

W^  f^M  ^^^  ^^^^  °^  ^^'^  ^^^  computer  world  rests 
■L3*''^B  in  Amelio 's  hands.  Apple  keeps  Mi- 
■L^lll^l  crosoft  honest  by  providing  an  alterna- 
tive, and  AmeHo  has  been  charged  with 

keeping  his  company  ahve.  The  word  is  Apple  has 

turned  the  corner. 

£.        23.  Eckhard  Pfeiffer,  President  and  CEO, 
«|     Compaq  Computer  Corp. 
1^      Pfeiffer  has  managed  to  squeeze  profits 
g'       out  of  a  PC  market  where  wafer-thin  mar- 
gins have  left  vendors  begging  for  change 
on  Wall  Street  comers,  vaulting  Compaq 
into  the  No.  3  computer  manufacturer  slot  overall. 
His  secret?  Excruciating  efficiency  measures. 

KH     18.  John  Malone,  President  and  CEO, 
r^     Tele-Communications  Inc. 
■^1     Malone  played  mother-in-law  to  Tune 
\  J     Warner's   acquisition   of  Turner  Broad- 
M     casting  System,  and  he  still  keeps  the 
cable  giant's  eyes  on  the  Internet  prize. 
That's  plenty  to  offset  industry  snickering  over 
©Home's  impotency  in  launching  residential  cable- 
modem  Internet  access. 

19.  Masayoshi  Son,  President  and 
CEO,  Softbank  Corp. 

Son  IS  buying  everything  that  moves: 
new  media  ventures,  old  media  ven- 
tures, trade  shows,  Internet-based  com- 
panies. A  300-year  plan  for  his  company 
coupled  with  his  aggressive  "don't  ask,  don't  tell" 
approach  to  debt  management  seems  to  indicate 
that  the  shopping  spree  is  far  from  over. 


24.  Lew  Piatt,  Chairman  &  CEO, 
Hewlett-Packard  Co. 

Ask  any  Silicon  Valley  manager  whose 
style  they  try  to  emulate,  and  the  answer 
wOl  invariably  be  Lew  Piatt's.  HP's  impres- 
sive (though  not  spectacular)  growth,  as 
its  informal  and  goal-oriented  management  tra- 

dition, has  flourished  under  Piatt's  watchful  eye. 

025.  Gerald  Levin,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
Time  Warner  Inc. 
You've  got  to  give  Levin  credit  for 
climbing  out  of  bed  in  the  morning.  He 
has  earned  himself  uncontested  dibs  on 
the  most  highly  criticized  CEO  title  by 
buying  the  Turner  Broadcasting  System  for  a  bloat- 
ed $7.5  billion.  Still,  he's  at  the  helm  of  the  largest 
and  one  of  the  most  influential  media  companies  in 
the  world. 

20.  Ann  Winblad,  General  Partner, 
Hummer  Winblad  Venture  Partners 

Rumor  has  it  that  Winblad  and  Bill 
Gates  used  to  read  programming  manu- 
als together  when  they  dated  in  the 
'70s.  Winblad  still  does  her  homework 
and  combines  it  with  a  sharp  business  sense  that 
has  made  her  one  of  the  most  successful  software 
deal  makers  in  Silicon  Valley. 


21.  Paul  Alien,  Chairman, 
The  Paul  Allen  Group 

Cash  is  king,  and  despite  some  mon- 
strously bad  press  (for  kicking  a  kid's 
camp  off  his  San  Juan  Islands  property 
and  for  some  terminally  putrid  busi- 
ness deals),  Allen  buys  his  way  into  some  big 
deals  and  board  positions. 

26.  Robert  Allen,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
AT&T  Corp. 

His  long-distance  empire  is  being  invaded 
by  Huns,  shareholders  are  getting  grumpy, 
antl  he's  just  hired  a  right-hand  man  whose 
telecom  experience  consists  of  printing 
Yellow  Pages.  Right  or  wrong,  Allen's  actions  rever- 
berate throughout  the  industry. 

e27.  Steve  Case,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
America  Online  Inc. 
AOL's  been  mocked  as  the  Intemet  for 
morons,  but  Case  keeps  raldng  them  in. 
Rampant  subscriber  chum  and  new  ground 
rules  could  snap  AOL's  revenue  model  Uke 
a  twig — or  vault  Case  into  the  Intemet  pantheon.  With 
a  decadent  $300  million  advertising  budget  slated  for 
1997,  AOL's  no  motley  fool. 


22.  Marc  Andreessen,  Senior  Vice 
President  of  Technology,  Netscape 
Communications  Corp. 

Andreessen,  the  epitome  of  nerd 
revenge,  got  his  toes  on  the  cover  of 
Time.  When  he  isn't  doing  doughnuts 
m  Silicon  Valley  parking  lots  in  his  white 
Mercedes  coupe,  you  can  find  him  raving  rapidly 
about  intranets  at  important  industry  events. 



28.  Ray  Smith,  Chairman  and  CEO,  Bell 
Atlantic  Corp. 

Smith  laiows  when  to  fold  'em  (TCI)  and 
when  to  hold  'em  (Nynex).  He  is  the  most 
creative  and  technologically  savvy  of  the 
RBOC  leaders,  though  admittedly  the  com- 
petition isn't  fierce.  The  Bell  Atlantic/Nynex  merger  is 
mired  in  red  tape  for  now,  but  it  wOl  create  the  second- 
largest  RBOC  in  the  U.S. 

Want  to  reach  Mac  users  in  Fortune  500 

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U|9McIg^s    Elit< 

29.  Herb  Allen,  President, 
Allen  &  Co.  inc. 

Allen's  good-ol'-boy  retreats  in  Sun 
Valley,  Idaho,  are  the  backdrop  for  some 
of  the  most  gigantic  deals  imaginable; 
chief  among  this  year's  slim  pickings 
was  Rupert  Murdoch's  purchase  of  New  World 
Communications.  Not  quite  as  big  as  last  year's 
Disney  purchase  of  Cap  Cities/ ABC,  but  it'll  do. 

30.  John  Warnock,  Cofounder,  Chairman 
and  CEO,  Adobe  Systems  inc. 

Warnock  is  Adobe's  technical  guru  and 
one  of  Sihcon  Valley's  few  genuinely  nice 
CEOs.  But  Adobe's  going  to  need  some 
seriously  aggressive  business  maneuver- 
ing to  curb  its  dependence  on  the  Mac  and  capitalize 
on  new  Internet  opportunities. 

31.  Ted  Turner,  Vice  Chairman, 
Time  Warner  Inc. 

#s«M  Turner  sold  Turner  Broadcasting  System, 
^  H  fired  his  son,  made  a  financial  lolling  and 
landed  a  vice  chairman's  position. 
Chances  are,  his  ego  won't  fade  into  the 
background  without  a  scrappy  attempt  at  the  top 
spot  of  what  is  now  the  world's  biggest  media/enter- 
tainment company. 

32.  Heidi  Roizen,  Vice  President  of 
Developer  Relations,  Apple  Computer  Inc. 

Roizen's  charged  with  rekindling  the  love 
connection  between  the  Macintosh  and 
its  jilted  software  developers.  It's  going  to 
take  more  than  cheap  perfume  and  choco- 
t  the  faithful  back  onboard,  but  many  say 

lates  to  , 



if  anyone  can  pull  this  caper  off,  it's  Roizen. 

33.  Bill  Lerach,  Partner,  Milberg,  Weiss, 
Bershad,  Hynes  &  Lerach 

Lerach  carts  home  $7  million  a  year  from 
busting  the  chops  of  high-tech  CEOs.  His 
handshake  with  Clinton  was  followed  by 
a  presidential  veto  of  the  Securities 
Litigation  Reform  Act.  Lerach  led  the  Prop.  211 
greedfest  campaign,  Silicon  Valley's  worst  nightmare. 
Loathe  him. 

34.  Eric  Schmidt,  Chief  Technology  Officer, 
Sun  Microsystems  inc. 

When  Scott  McNealy  shoots  off  his 
mouth  about  network  computing,  it's  up 
to  Schmidt  to  make  it  so.  Lie's  busy  dig- 
ging McNealy  out  of  the  Internet/ 
intranet-server  hole  as  cheaper  Microsoft  NT  servers 
make  gains,  and  ensuring  that  the  Internet  won't 
take  lava  and  nm,  leaving  Sun  behind. 


35.  David  Geffen,  Jeffrey 
Katzenberg  and  Steven  Spielberg, 
Founders,  Dreamworks  SKG 

^S  ;i  They  are  the  world's  best  at  what  they 
do.  They  just  haven't  done  anything 
yet.  Sure,  get  piclcy  about  the  trio's  plans  to  put  out  a 
smattering  of  games  and  edutainment  titles.  But  com- 
petitors are  qual<ing  in  their  loafers  in  anticipation  of 
what  this  holy  entertainment  trinity  will  produce. 

36.  Robert  Wright, 
President  and  CEO,  NBC 

Who  else  has  the  clout  to  convince 
Americans  to  get  their  news  from 
Microsoft?  Wright  jealously  guards  the 
"free  TV"  networks'  turf  from  cable  and 
telco  interlopers  unshaclded  by  the  Telecom  Reform 
Act,  but  he  has  Uttle  to  complain  about  with  a  string 
of  successful  shows  such  as  "ER"  and  "Seinfeld." 

f37.  Jerry  Yang,  Chief  Yahoo,  Yahoo  Inc. 
Yiing  went  from  Stanford's  grad-student 
ghetto  to  one  of  the  Internet's  biggest 
branding  successes.  Despite  growing 
financial  losses,  Yahoo  has  managed  to 
steer  clear  of  extinction  as  Yang  attempts 
to  wean  the  savages  off  soap  operas  and  onto  the  Web 
with  personalized  and  localized  services. 

^■||(k         38.  David  Chaum,  Founder  and  Chairman, 
p^^       DigiCash  BV 

▼^  _^  ^  .     Willie  you  were  busy  reading  glowing  sto- 
A.     i2*y^     "^^  about  the  future  of  smart  cards  in  your 
lk<fl|^fl      local  daily,   Chaum  had  already  trade- 
marked  the  monil<:er  "e-cash"  and  was 
busy  setting  up  digital  money  trials  around  the  world. 
His  cryptography  expertise,  patents  and  influence  wall 
keep  him  in  the  eye  of  the  digital-cash  craze. 

39.  Bernard  Ebbers,  President  and  CEO, 
LDDS  WorldCom  Inc. 

In  a  market  where  the  players'  proHts  can 
be  laiger  than  the  GDP  of  a  small  country, 
wildcatter  Ebbers  has  superglued  together 
a  multibdhon,  cream-sldmming  telecom 
empire.  The  latest  acquisition:  MPS  Communicati- 
ons, which  earher  in  the  year  gobbled  up  UUNet 

40.  John  Gage,  Director,  Science  Office, 
Sun  Microsystems  Inc. 

Gage  IS  the  qumtessential  "big  idea"  guy 
and  Sun's  emissary  to  the  rest  of  the 
world.  When  he  gets  a  bee  in  his  bonnet 
about  something — whether  it's  Sun- 
related  or  civic-minded  like  NetDay — he  can  usually 
make  it  happen,  come  hell  or  high  water. 

UPSIDE     DECEMBER     1996 



Are  you  on  speaking  terms  with  your  IP  lawyer? 

When  it  comes  to  technology, 

Fish  &  Richardson  P.C. 

really  speaks  your  language. 


}STON      Houston      New  York      Silicon  Valley      Southern  California      Twin  Cities      Washington,   DC 
telephone:  800-818-5070       web  site:       e-mail: 

Fish  &  Richardson  P.C,    1996. 

f^    -S*  <^i      A  New   Yorker   through   and  through, 


and  CEO,  Bloomberg  LP. 

Bloomberg  nevertheless  brings  Silicon 
Valley's  "no  blood,  no  foul"  entrepre- 
neurial spirit  to  Wall  Street  with  the  latest 
technology  innovations.  Next  year  we'll  see  whether 
Bloomberg  is  worth  his  cuff  Hnks,  as  he  tries  to  sashay 
his  empire  into  the  Internet  space  by  dispersing 
Bloomberg's  bundled  content. 

42.  Newt  Gingrich,  Spealter, 
U.S.  House  of  Representatives 

With  ethics  charges  nipping  at  his  heels, 
Newt's  popularity  among  the  plebian 
hordes  has  nosedived,  but  he's  well-liked  in 
high-tech  hbertarian  circles.  For  Internet 
free-speechers,  Gingrich  represents  the  Communi- 
cations Decency  Act's  most  high-profile  opposition. 

43.  Ray  Lane,  President  and  COO, 
Oracle  Systems  Corp. 

If  Larry  EUison  (the  bilhonaire  that  Lane 
built)  shaved  his  head  and  became  a 
Buddhist  monlc,  Ray  Lane  would  keep  run- 
ning the  company,  just  as  he  does  today. 
Lane  was  only  recently  given  the  keys  to  the  presi- 
dent's office,  but  he  no  doubt  expects  to  inherit  the 
CEO  position — someday. 

^■^       44.  Steve  Jobs,  Chairman  and  CEO,  Next 
i         !■     ^oitviate  and  Pixar  Animation  Studios 

Tas^lpK^  Mamage  and  kids  have  produced  a  kinder 
-  :^fe         and  gentler  fobs,  once  the  enfant  terrible  of 

^L  J|^  the  high-tech  industry.  Having  been  around 
a  hell  of  a  long  time,  he  became  a  high-tech 
crossover  hit  when  "Toy  Story"  boosted  respect  for  the 
role  of  computers  in  filmmal<ing. 

45.  Chris  Hassett,  President  and  CEO, 
PointCast  Inc. 

Hassett  was  the  first  to  recognize  that  the 
easiest  way  to  help  people  navigate  the 
Web  is  to  send  content  directly  to  their 
computer  screens.  But  holding  onto  his 
throne  as  the  long  of  information  push  won't  be  so 
easy,  as  media  giants  begin  to  cut  out  the  middleman. 

47.  Halsey  Minor,  CEO,  Cnet: 
The  Computer  Network 

In  a  time  when  pubhshing  a  Web  'zine 
entails  hiring  dozens  of  serfs,  slapping  up 
a  site  and  bleeding  cash,  Minor  has  made 
Cnet  an  Internet  staple.  He's  practical, 
too:  Rather  than  spew  out  a  new  search  engine  Hke 
HotWired,  he  adopted  all  the  existing  ones. 

S48.  Tim  Berners-Lee,  Director,  W3 
Consortium,  Massachusetts  Institute 
of  Technology 
Lofty  job  descriptions  abound  at  MIT,  and 
Bemers-Lee's  is  no  exception:  He's  been 
charged  with  helping  the  Web  "realize  its 
full  potential"  since  hopping  across  the  pond  from 
Europe  in  1994.  He's  credited  v\rith  being  the  first  per- 
son to  "conceptualize"  the  Web. 

49.  Pam  Edstrom,  Principal,  Waggoner 

Pay  serious  attention  to  that  woman 
behind  the  curtain.  As  Microsoft  expands 
and  devours  new  markets — especially  the 
Internet,  with  its  defiant,  Microsoft- 
hating  populace — PR  queen  Esdtrom  vwll  play  a  vital 
role  in  promoting  Gates'  visionary  standing  and  the 
Justice  Department's  good  faith. 

50.  George  Gilder,  President,  Gilder 
Technology  Group 

You  can't  move  in  the  high-tech  industry 
without  tripping  over  the  mental  mean- 
derings  of  this  prolific,  right-wing  cyber- 
prognosticator.  Diehard  fans  read  Forbes 
ASAP  for  installments  of  his  forthcoming  book  on 
the  future  of  telecommunications,  Telecosm,  which 
threatens  to  continue  ad  infinitum. 

46.  David 
Ramsey/Beirne  Associates 

Headhunter  to  the  stars,  including  fmi 
Barksdale  of  Netscape  and  Robert  Herbold 
of  Microsoft,  Beime's  latest  major  coup  was 
luring  AT&T  COO  Alex  Mandl  to  a  startup 
(with  a  salary,  bonus  and  stock-option  paclcage  that 
could  eventually  be  worth  hundreds  of  millions  of  dol- 
lars, of  which  Beime  gets  a  hefty  chunl<). 


51.  Stewart  Alsop,  Partner,  New 
Enterprise  Associates 

Alsop  has  shed  his  killjoy  throne  for  the 
greener  pastures  of  venture  capital.  He's 
made  a  Living  infhcting  his  wrath  on  the 
best  in  the  industry  because  they  aren't 
better  than  they  are.  It  remains  to  be  seen  whether 
his  antagonism  will  lend  itself  to  Fortune,  where  he's 
penning  a  new  column. 

52.  Mary  Meeker,  PC  Software  and 
Hardware  Analyst,  Morgan  Stanley 

A  key  player  in  the  Netscape  IPO,  Meeker, 
along  with  coauthor  Chris  DuPuy,  is  the 
first  analyst  to  have  a  research  report  pub- 
Hshed  in  book  form.  The  Internet  Report 
(HarperCollins)  is  a  veritable  encyclopedia  of  the  Inter- 
net, from  "cool  sites"  Hsts  to  competitive  analyses. 

UPSIDE     DECEMBER     1996 




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©  1996  Frontier  Technologies  Corporation.  All  product  names  are  Trademarks  of  their  respective  companies. 

iJ|9siclG^s    Eli*< 




53.  Dan  Lynch,  Chairman,  CyberCash  ln<. 

First  he  brought  you  Interop;  now  he's 
letting  you  blow  your  pocket  change 
on  the  Net.  Lynch  is  one  of  the 
kingpins  of  e-commerce,  shaping  the 
way  the  financial  behemoths  will  hit 

the  Net. 

54.  Irving  Wladasky-Berger,  General 
^     Manager,  Internet  Division,  IBM  Corp. 

0^j       Not     your     typical     Big     Blue     suit, 
.'^J     Wladasky-Berger   was   brought   in   to 


||||P|p»'  maneuver  the  lumbering  Winnebago  of 

IBM  bureaucracy  through  the  speedy 
hairpin  turns  of  Internet  business  cycles.  IBM 
isn't  a  Ferarri  Testarossa  just  yet,  but  Wladasky- 
Berger's  steering  may  just  bring  some  agility  back 
to  Armonk. 


55.  Carol  Bartz,  CEO  and  Chairman, 
Autodesic  inc. 

Bartz  IS  high  tech's  supcrwoman — with- 
out the  spandex.  Bartz  leads  a  growing 
pack  of  high-tech  female  execs  with  the 
largest  woman-run  company  in  the  busi- 
ness. Her  sphere  of  influence  includes  Clinton's 
Export  Council,  boards  from  here  to  Timbuktu,  and 
the  Stanford  Business  School. 

t59.  George  Lucas,  Chairman, 
Lucasfilm  Ltd. 
If  anyone  can  get  Hollywood  to  slobber 
more  over  Sihcon-based  digital  innova- 
tions than  over  silicon  breast  implants, 
Lucas  is  the  man.  He  has  long  been  push- 
ing the  technology  envelope  in  the  movie  business. 
With  the  release  of  the  "Star  Wars"  prequel,  we'll 
witness  the  power  of  his  fully  operational  digital 
death  star. 

60.  Jeff  Berg,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
International  Creative  Management  (KM) 

When  Michael  Ovitz  abandoned  Creative 
Artists  Agency  for  the  Disney  presidency 
in  1995,  the  media  stopped  caring  where 
he  takes  his  power  breakfasts.  Brainy  Berg, 
knoMTi  for  pitting  his  agents  against  one  another, 
stepped  in  to  fill  that  power-broker  vacuum. 

61.  Jonathan  Feiber,  General  Partner, 
Mohr  Davidow  Ventures 

A  plucky  youngster  from  Silicon 
'^'aifti—  Valley's  Sand  Hill  Road,  Feiber  is  one  of 

■^^  the    up-and-coming    venture    capital 

mafia.  He  has  funded  and  is  on  the  board 
of  a  half-dozen  startups,  including  PointCast, 
CATS  Software  and  Ipsilon. 

56.  Gary  Reback,  Partner,  Wilson, 
Sonsini,  Goodrich  and  Rosati 

Reback  is  the  Anti-Gates  of  the  legal 
world,  a  hopeful  trustbuster  Uving  in  a 
dark  world  in  which  Microsoft  is  Satan 
and  publications  as  powerful  as  the  Wall 
Street  Journal  axe  mere  "middlemen"  paid  to  do  its 
bidding.  Representing  clients  from  Novell  to 
Netscape,  he  manages  to  get  the  Department  of 
Justice's  ear. 

r'  57.  Dirk  Ziff  and  Robert  Ziff,  Cochairmen, 
Ziff  Brothers  Investments 
Turning  down  daddy's  publishing 
empire,  the  young  brothers  Ziff  (Dirk  is 
32,  Robert  is  30)  are  using  some  of  their 
proceeds  from  the  Ziff-Davis  sale  to 
finance  startups,  including  Diva  Communications 
and  NetGravity. 

■■■■■j     62.  Joseph  Nacchio,  President,  Consumer 
^^P^H     Services  Group,  AT&T 

Hg^  ^  ^     Nacchio,  who's  been  at  AT&.T  for  more 

ZX  >   ,.       than  25  years,  is  the  hit  man  muscling  in 

||Mt^     I     on  the  Baby  Bells'  territory.  He  vows  he'U 

do  whatever  it  takes  to  build  AT&.T's 

market  share,  but  will  the  telecom  giant  be  able  to 

keep  him  on  its  side? 

63.  Stan  Shih,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
The  Acer  Group 

He  doesn't  have  an  Asian  dynasty  pedi- 
gree, but  that  hasn't  hindered  Acer's 
growth,  and  it's  now  among  the  top  five 
PC  vendors  worldwide.  Shih  has  sculpt- 
ed a  manufacturing  process  that  is  both  unique  and 
efficient,  and  melded  the  cultures  of  his  Taiwan- 
based  company  and  its  U.S.  subsidiary  with  a 
skilled  hand. 

58.  John  Markoff,  West  Coast 
Correspondent,  New  York  Times 

Some  refer  to  bad  press  m  the  Times  as 
getting  "Markoffed" — that's  how  influ- 
ential he  is.  Even  a  positive  story  on 
Microsoft,  delivered  months  after  near- 
ly identical  stories  in  the  trade  press,  can  batter 
the  stock  of  rival  Netscape. 

a  64.  Cristina  Morgan,  Managing  Director, 
Hambrecht  &  Quist 
Morgan's  not  afraid  to  call  the  bluff  of 
the  Internet  hypsters.  As  head  of  invest- 
ment-banking activities,  Morgan  taps 
H&Q's  finest  for  public  offerings  and 
was  one  of  the  first  people  to  publicly  slam  the 
Great  Internet  IPO  Overhype. 

UPSIDE     DECEMBER     1996 


Breal<:through  technology  deserves 
financial  thinldng  to  match. 



litial  Public  Ortcnnc 



itial  Public  Offering 


f   AeiMiiaclIti 



Initial  Public  Offering 





ArrayComm,  Incorporated 
Private  Placement 







Common  Stock  Offering 


DSP  Communications 

Common  Stock  Offering 



G  fcOWORKti 

Common  Stock  Offerin 



Common  Slock  Offenng 






Initial  Public  Offering 




Common  Slock  Ofieri 


Common  Stock  Offenng 



iitial  Public  Offering 



COMPUWARE  I      fi 

Common  Stock  Offering 

September  I W 

You're  a  growing  technology  company.  You've  identified 
an  opportunity  and  developed  a  solution.  You  see  a  large 
market  ahead.  The  next  thmg  you  need  is  capital. 

That's  where  the  UBS  Global  Technology  Group  fits  in. 
We  offer  clients  a  broad  portfolio  of  resources:  experienced 
technology  bankers,  innovative  financing  capabilities,  respected 

equity  research,  unparalleled  international  distribution,  and 
powerful  equity  trading  -  all  with  the  capital  strength  of  a 
global  investment  bank. 

UBS  has  raised  nearly  $3  billion  for  leading  technology 
companies.  Interested  in  high-quality  investment  banking 
services  that  meet  your  needs?  Put  UBS  on  your  team. 

San  Francisco 

Jim  Feuille 

Head  of  Global  Technology  Group 


New  York 

Tim  Walsh 

Head  of  East  Coast  Technology  Group 


U|»sicl^'^s    lEie*^     lOO 

■■■■J     65.  Sherry  Lansing,  Chairman,  Motion 
^^I^H     Pi<ture  Group,  Paramount  Pictures 

■  ^  ^H     ^  '^h'^'  boys'  money  can't  buy  a  star  on 

^k  ^^HH     the   Hollywood  Walk   of  Fame,   which 

^^FvLM     Lansing  has  in  the  bag — along  with  two 

~"  consecutive  Best   Picture  Oscars  while 

head  of  Paramount  Studios.  Never  underestimate  the 

power  of  Beavis  and  Butthead. 

66.  Chip  Morris,  Manager,  T.  Rowe  Price 
Science  and  Technology  Fund 

The  recent  rise  of  mutual  funds  as  a 
"safer"  way  for  individuals  to  play  the 
stock  market  has  propelled  fund  man- 
agers to  new  heights  of  fame.  Morris, 
who  heads  one  of  the  largest  and  most  successful 
funds,  discovers  high-tech  stocks  whose  growth 
matches  the  hype. 

71.  Sherry  Turlcie,  Professor  of  Sociology 
of  Science,  Massachusetts  Institute  of 

He   — M     Turkic  lilies  to  get  inside  the  heads  of 

^^pirj^     chronic  Web  sirrfers  for  a  glimpse  of  what 

makes  Net  nuts  tick.  Her  sociological 

approach  to  Internet-discourse  analysis  is  gospel  to 

executives  who  want  to  understand  the  patterns  and 

habits  of  technology  adopters. 

■j^^H     72.  Bill  Joy,  Cofounder  and  Vice  President 
HRPIH     of  Research,  Sun  Microsystems  Inc. 

HN|  *'^     The  second  coming  of  Joy  brought  the 
^^^:>  jj     world  Java  last  year.  Now,  as  the  entire 
9K1#^      software  industry  bends  under  the  antici- 
pation and  expectations  of  Java's  poten- 
tial, Joy  decides  which  parts  of  Java  will  reach  devel- 
opers and  when. 

t67.  Frank  Quattrone,  CEO,  Technology 
Group,  Deutsche  Morgan  Grenfell 
Shaq  went  to  L.A.  and  Franl<;  Quattrone 
went  to  DMG.  Talk  about  slam-dimking 
a  serious  signing  fee  ...  Sihcon  Valley's 
premier  free  agent  left  Morgan  Stanley 
looking  like  a  doughnut — without  a  center — and 
recruited  a  venture  capital  Dream  Team  for  the  new 
DeutscheBank  undertaldng. 


68.  Linda  Stone,  Director,  Virtual  Worlds 
Group,  Microsoft 

If  cyberspace  were  the  Love  Boat,  Lmda 
would  be  the  cruise-ship  social  director/ 
hostess-with-the-mostest.  A  friendly 
Microsoft  face,  she  brings  together  artists 
and  programmers  to  create  technology  that  enhances 
human  interaction  on  the  Net.  So  far,  her  group  has 
prodviced  two  chat  services. 

flHHHN    69.  Roger  McNamee,  General 
fFSfM    Int^ral  Capital  Partners 

'  ™^  I     McNamee  is  a  venture  capitalist  in  engi- 

k  *'"A»    ^     neer's   clothing.   Breaking  the   spread- 

I  ttVfl     sheet-jockey  mold,  he's  one  of  the  few 

high-tech  VCs  who  not  only  "gets"  the 

technology  but  likes  it,  roaming  the  conference 

floors  and  actually  reading  the  trades. 

I^jtfjfe^     70.  Pat  McGovern,  Founder  and 
^^HP^^     Chairman,  International  Data  Group 

^^^Jt      You  may  not  remember  life  before  the 
^B^EW        Internet,  but  McGovern's  been  publish- 
■^^Pj^^     mg  computer  rags  since  the  '50s.  Like 
an  old  Irish  sailor,  he's  sailed  the  chop- 
py seas  of  the  IT  industry  at  the  helm  of  IDG, 
steering  his  company  to  revenues  of  $1.4  billion 
last  year. 

t73.  Bill  Gross,  Chairman  and  Founder, 
Knowledge  Adventure 
The  Henry  Ford  of  startup  creation.  Gross 
founded  Idealab  to  mass-produce  fledgling 
companies.  With  a  flowchart  to  map  cor- 
porate development.  Gross  has  nearly  20 
companies  incubating,  including  the  CitySearch 
regional  information  venture. 

t74.  Geoff  Moore,  President  and  Founder, 
The  Chasm  Group 
When  high-tech  execs  need  help  position- 
ing their  companies  to  take  advantage  of 
!     the  new  paradigms  they've  created,  they 
turn  to  Moore.  His  books,  Crossing  the 
Chasm  and  hiside  the  Tornado,  have  become  bibles 
of  sorts  for  the  heavies  he  advises. 

75.  Michael  Milken,  Felon/M  &  A  Advisor 

Call  him  a  junk-bond  robber  baron  or  a 
tmancial  innovator,  but  Milken  was 
rustling  up  cash  for  shaky  technology 
and  media  companies  when  unadven- 
turous  East  Coast  investors  were  still 
stuck  in  the  Industrial  Age.  Nannygate's  Kimba 
Wood  felled  the  westward  giant  for  a  while,  but 
he's  served  his  time.  Now  he's  back  to  pick  the 
next  market-altering  trends. 



Directors,  America  Online's  Motley  Fool 

Wall  Street  can  no  longer  claim  a 
monopoly  on  rumor  mongering  and 
opinion  making,  thanks  to  the 
Gardner  brothers.  Anonymous,  bearish  postings  to  a 
Motley  Fool  Iomega  forum  in  late  1995  caused  a  furor 
among  buUish  investors.  The  SEC  is  still  trying  to 
figure  that  one  out. 



rlWiire  in  Europe 

i  you  find  America's  best 

electroniG  connpanies? 

II^A  4  Kjli^^sai  ; 

Silicon  Glen.  Scotland 






•  Prestwick 

SIMPIE      I 

Silicon  Glen  is  a  100-mile  business  corridor  in 
Central  Scotland  that  is  home  to  US  electronics 
large  and 
small.  The 
area  earned 
Its  nickname 
for  its  remark- 
able parallels  to  Silicon  Valley.  Today,  it's  the  most 
advanced  electronics  infrastructure  in  Europe  with 
excellent  proximity  to  market  and  a  well-educated 

A  world-class  electronics  infrastructure. 

Everything  your  company  needs  is  in  place  in 
Scotland  -  manufacturing  equipment,  raw  materi- 

als, components  and 
more.  Scottish  suppli-   61^1^. 
ers  adhere  to  tight 
delivery  schedules, 
too.  According  to  Ian 
Crawford,  IBM's  Greenock  Site  Director,  "The 
Scottish  electronics  infrastructure  is  outstanding  A  sig- 
nificant proportion  of  our  procurement  is  done  locally 
working  closely  with  a  wide  range  of  suppliers. 
Ultimately,  this  means  a  stronger,  more  competitive 
IBM  in  the  European,  Middle  Eastern  and  African 
markets  we  seive." 

An  ample  supply  of  skilled  labor. 

Chris  Galvin,  President  and  COO  of  Motorola, 
cites  Scotland's  highly  skilled  workers  as  one  rea- 
son for  his  company's  success.  "The  technology 

and  expertise  of  the  people  in  Scotland  mean 
we  can  look  forward  to  a  marvelous  future  hiere." 

Scotland  is  also  working  to  ensure  tfiat  future 
includes  a  good  selection  of  recruits.  Each  year, 
Scottish  universities  and  technical  schools  turn  out 
thousands  of  graduates,  with  50%  holding  elec- 
tronics-related degrees. 

Excellent  access  to  global  markets. 

Exports  from  Scotland  are  up  30%  in  the  last  two 
years.  And  for  good  reason.  Scotland's  advanced 
network  of  rail,  highway,  air  and  sea  links  speeds 
products  to  destinations,  worldwide.  Europe's 
600,000-mile  rail  system  is  accessed  non-stop, 
right  from  the  Channel  Tunnel.  According  to 

Jim  Gaza,  President 

of  International 


Corporation  in 

Chicago,  "Our  main 

reason  for  going  to 

Scotland  is  to  sen/e 

the  rest  of  Europe.  With  the  Channel  Tunnel,  we 

can  have  products  trucked  to  Nuremberg  or 

Milan  in  two  days." 

Growing  companies  enjoy  big  advantages,  too. 

You  don't  have  to  be  an  electronics  giant  for 
Scotland  to  welcome  you  like  one.  Simple 
Technology  chose  Scotland  as  its  headquarters  to 
serve  its  growing  memory  upgrade  and  PC  Card 
business.  Carl  Swartz,  VP  of  Strategic  Planning 

explains.  "Locate  in  Scotland's  highly  professional  staff  made  the  decision 
process  far  easier.  They  helped  us  to  see  several  potential  manufacturing 
sites  and  identify  senior  management  candidates.  They  even  coordinated 
our  introduction  to  potential  customers  and  business  partners." 

Let  Locate  in  Scotland  assemble  a  comprehensive  package 
for  you. 

Learn  more  about  Scotland's  highly  advanced  electronics  environment. 

Discover  which  North 
American  companies  are 
already  here.  And  why  yours 
should  be,  too.  We'll  send 
you  information  on  the  latest 
developments  in  electronics 
product  research,  design, 
manufacturing  and  distribution. 

We'll  also  provide  you  with  data  on  our  highly  skilled  workforce,  available 
buildings,  greenfield  sites  and  location  profiles.  Plus,  details  on  financial 
assistance,  tax  incentives,  employee  training  programs  and  various 
overhead  cost  comparisons. 

To  have  Locate  in  Scotland  assist  you,  return  the  handy  business  reply 
card,  or  write:  Locate  in  Scotland,  4  Landmark  Square,  Suite  500, 
Stamford,  CT  05901-2503.  Or  contact  us  at  the  numbers  below. 

A     FEW     QUICK     FACTS     ABOL 

Silicon  Glen,  Scotland. 

Over  450  electronics  companies  are 
located  in  Scotland. 

Scotland  produces  nearly  40%  of  th 
branded  personal  computers  sold  in 
Europe  and  supplies  7 Wo  of  the 
world's  total  PC  output 

Seven  of  tfie  top  ten  information 
systems  companies  are  in  Scotland. 

Scotland  fias  the  highest  concen- 
tration of  semiconductor  fabricators 
in  Europe. 

Scotland  produces  12%  of  the  semii 
conductors  manufactured  in  Europe. 

With  13  universities  and  54  colleges- 
Scotland  has  the  highest  proportion 
of  graduates  per  capita  in  Western 

Over  4,000  students  in  engineering 
and  technology  fields  graduate 
each  year 

Call  1-800-THE-SCOT,  fax  (203)  325-8924,  or 


Jhs  material  is  prepared  by  Al  Paul  Lefton  Company,  1 00  Independence  Mall  West  Philadelphia,  PA  191 06,  which  is  registered  with  the  Department  of  Justice,  Washington  D.  C,  under  the  Foreign  Agents 
Registration  Act  as  an  agent  of  Locate  in  Scotland  Glasgow,  Scotland  This  material  is  filed  with  the  Department  of  Justice  where  the  registration  statement  is  available  for  public  inspection  Registration  doe 
indicate  approval  of  the  contents  of  the  material  by  the  United  States  government 

77.  Jim  Breyer,  Managing  General 
Partner,  A«el  Partners 

^  T      Bivvcr's  nctWDiking  specialty  keeps  his 
)       ventiue  capital  firm  on  top  of  the  Internet 
space.  Big  p;irtncrships  he's  responsihle 
for  inckide  CentilHon  and  Bay  Networks, 
Centrum  and  3Com,  ;md  Collabra  and  Netscape. 

78.  Richard  Shaffer,  Principal, 
Technologic  Partners 

Teclinok)gic  sponsors  some  of  the  indus- 
try's hottest  events,  where  private  compa- 
nies cruise  the  catwalk  to  impress  venture 
capitalists  and  investment  bankers.  The 
conferences  may  have  lost  some  of  their  buzz  lately, 
but  they're  still  the  place  to  find  the  next  hot  EPO.  Shaf- 
fer also  heads  a  newsletter  with  uncommon  insight. 

a  83.  Robert  Metcalfe,  Columnist, 
infoWorld  Publishing  Company 
Metealte  roped  in  this  year's  IEEE  Medal 
of  Honor — essentially,  electrical  engineer- 
ing's Nobel  Prize — for  his  invention  of 
Ethernet.  He  has  turned  to  column  writ- 
ing, maldng  a  splash  playing  the  Net's  Chicken  Little 
("The  Internet  is  crashing!"). 

84.  Jeff  Bezos,  Founder  and  CEO, 

Look  Ma,  no  inventory!  Bezos  left  Wall 
Street  to  found  his  Seattle  startup  in  1994, 
and  hasn't  looked  back  since.  Selling 
books  from  a  Web  site  may  not  be  much 

more  than  sophisticated  mail  order,  but  it's  Internet 

commerce  that  works. 

f79.  Mory  Ejabat,  President  and  CEO, 
Ascend  Communications  Inc. 
Aseend's  stock  has  shot  up  so  high  so 
fast — with  triple-digit  increases — Ejabat 
has  a  permanent  nosebleed.  With 
Aseend's  products  tapped  by  both  US 
West  and  Bell  Atlantic,  Ejabat's  not  likely  to  float 
back  to  earth  anytime  soon. 


80.  Pattie  Maes,  Assistant  Professor,  MIT 
Media  Laboratory,  and  Cofounder,  Firefly 

A  pioneer  in  intelligent-agent  technology, 
Maes  began  at  MIT's  Artificial  In- 
telligence Lab  but  later  defected  to 
Nicholas  Negroponte's  younger,  hipper 
Media  Lab,  which  spun  Firefly  out  of  her  work. 
Firefly  is  now  the  agent  company  with  whom  every- 
body wants  to  partner. 


81.  Tom  Proulx,  Cofounder,  Intuit  Inc. 
and  Cochairman,  Taxpayers  Against 
Frivolous  Lawsuits 

Tom  Proulx  is  trying  to  save  your  shirt 
from  the  snapping  jaws  of  shareholder 
lawsuits.  Not  content  to  rest  on 
Quicken's  laurels,  Proulx  is  in  attack  mode  against 
the  vicious  beast  that  is  an  unchecked  legal  profes- 
sion— he's  fimd-raising,  petitioning  and  campaigning 
the  hell  out  of  tort  reform. 

npMH     82.  Danny  Hillis,  Vice  President  of 
W         aB     Research  and  Development,  The 

a     /  -aH     Hillis   cofounded  Thinking  Machines, 
f   l£,,^^l     where  he  designed  the  massively  parallel 
"connection  machine."  He  later  left  the 
company,  but  not  before  making  a  name  as  one  of  the 
computer  industry's  deep  thinkers.  He's  now  navel- 
gazing  for  Disney. 

a  85.  Kim  Edwards,  President  and  CEO, 
Iomega  Corp. 
Edwards  pulled  Iomega  out  of  its  slump 
and  achieved  a  rare  takeoff  of  a  new  tech- 
nology and  format.  His  company  stole  the 
personal-storage  market  out  from  under 
SyQuest's  nose  in  1996,  selling  more  than  1  million 
Zip  drives  in  less  than  a  year. 

W    J^     86.  Walter  Mossberg,  Columnist, 
f   ^^A|      Wall  Street  Journal 

(^^y\iM  Masquerading  as  a  friendly  advice  col- 
"'  umn  for  end  users,  Mossberg's  weekly 
Personal  Technology  column  is  one  of 
the  first  places  product  managers  should 
look  after  launch  to  see  if  they'll  still  have  a  job  the 
next  morning. 


87.  Michael  Stonebraker,  Vice  President 
and  CTO,  Informix  Software  Inc.,  and 
Professor,  U.C.  Berkeley 

Computer-science  professor  Stonebraker 
is  the  father  of  the  relational-database 
industry;  he  recently  gave  Informix  a  new 
lease  on  life  when  it  bought  his  latest  startup,  Ulustra 
Information  Technologies.  Stonebraker's  universal 
server  (don't  tell  Oracle  we  called  it  that)  stores  and 
sorts  multimedia  content. 

88.  Paul  Saffo,  Director, 
Institute  for  the  Future 

A  who's  who  list  of  business  leaders 
makes  regular  pilgrimages  to  the  insti- 
^jJS  tute's  door  seeking  answers  from  this 
guru  of  new  information  technologies. 
But  Saffo's  feet  are  planted  firmly  on  terra  firma 
when  he  analyzes  the  impact  of  new  products  and 
technologies — not  just  on  the  business  commu- 
nity, but  on  society  as  a  whole. 

DECEMBER     1996    UPSIDE 

U|9siclG^s    Eli*4 


89.  Rob  Glaser,  CEO  and  founder. 
Progressive  Networks  Inc. 

Glaser  recognized  the  opportunity  for 
then-untapped  sound  technologies  on  the 
Web,  plastered  the  RealAudio  name  on  any 
Web  site  and  cHent  worth  its  multimedia 
status,  and  captured  the  Internet  sound  market  before 
competitors  got  a  chance  to  put  an  ear  in  the  door. 

90.  Brenda  Laurel,  Researcher, 
Interval  Research  Corp. 

In  the  '70s,  Laurel  leaped  from  theater  to 
computer-game  design;  today  she's  stdl 
taldng  intellectual  leaps  in  her  work  on 
human-machine  interface  design,  virtual 
reality  and  inteUigent  agents.  Interval  may  be  a 
money  sinlc  for  Paul  Allen,  but  Laurel  does  valuable 
work,  consistently  bringing  a  humanistic  approach 
to  virtual  environments. 

91.  Erk  I 
President  and  CEO,  3Com  Corp. 

The  thorn  in  Cisco's  paw,  3Com's  soft- 
spoken  leader  has  single-handedly  kept 
3Com  in  the  networking  game  through 
savvy  acquisitions,  preventmg  his  chief 

rival  from  developing  a  Microsoft/Intel-hke  monopo- 

hstic  dominance. 

92.  Kevin  Kelly,  Executive  Editor,  Wired 

We're  still  not  sure  who  anointed  Wiied 
the  official  magazine  of  the  digital  revolu- 
tion, but  the  loudest  magazine  of  the  '90s 
owes  its  inspiration  to  Kelly,  a  born-again 
Christian  and  hawker  for  Absolut  Vodl<;a. 
His  far-flung  ideas,  many  of  which  revolve  around 
the  increasingly  biological  nature  of  technology,  are  a 
Wired  staple. 

93.  Pom  Alexander,  President  and 
Founder,  Alexander  Communications  Inc. 

Alexander  is  not  an  object  at  rest.  Her 
almost-frantic  pace  has  allowed  her  to 
dodge  highly  padded  corporate  PR 
accounts  for  a  vibrant  group  of  small 
emerging  chents.  Plus,  Alexander  channels  that  hus- 
tle into  actual  account  work,  rather  than  just  snatch- 
ing accounts  for  her  minions  to  execute. 

94.  Les  Alberthal,  President  and  CEO, 
Electronic  Data  Systems  Corp. 

Want  to  run  an  airline  but  recoil  in  horror 
at  the  thought  of  instaUing  and  maintaining 
a  reservations  system?  Call  EDS.  Alberthal 
freed  EDS  from  its  General  Motors  prison 
and  pushed  its  one-stop-shopping  approach  to  the  lead- 
ing edge  of  information  system  services. 

MUropro<essor  Report 
When  Slater  speaks,  the  microprocessor 
world  listens.   An   engineer  with   real 
opinions   and   knowledgeable   sources, 
Slater  is  the  most  well-respected  techni- 
cal   analyst    in    semiconductors,    although    his 
newsletter  did  start  that  rumor  about  download- 
able microcode  in  Intel  chips. 

EWM     96.  Andrew  Klein,  Founder  and  President, 
^     Wit  Capital  Corp. 
CtI      Klein  brewed  up  a  storm  when  he  put  his 
M     Spring  Street  Brewing  Co.  prospectus  on 
'JM     the  Net.  Now  he's  started  Wit  Capital  to 
help  companies  do  direct  Internet  IPOs 
and  bypass  brokers'  fees — an  idea  that  tastes  great  but 
is  less  filling.  All  he's  missing  is  the  end  product. 

^pJjPM     !     97.  Stewart  Brand,  Cofounder, 
*^^^^.       Global  Business  Network 

"i"%-  '  ^1  Brand,  who  started  the  Whole  Earth 
S^  >^M  Catalog,  brings  black  turtlenecks  and 
berets  to  Net  consulting.  His  high-tech 
consulting  troupe — count  in  Esther  Dyson, 
Doug  Carlston  and  Danny  Hilhs — tosses  around  big 
ideas  on  sponsor-selected  topics.  Brand  continues  to 
anticipate  society's  acceptance  of  technology. 

■■■■■I     98.  Michael  Dell,  Chairman  and  CEO, 
HHIH     Dell  Computer  Corp. 

I  -K:^P  After  a  nasty  bout  of  retail  sickness,  a 
healthier,  more  mature  Dell  (the  compa- 
ny) has  emerged  along  with  a  happier, 
more  mature  Dell  (the  CEO).  The  compa- 
ny has  moved  back  to  its  direct-mad  roots  and  is 
once  again  at  the  top  of  the  PC  business. 

,^  99.  Allee  Willis,  Partner,  Willisville 

And  you  thought  the  'Triends"  theme 

^    -     il     song  was  catchy;  wait  until  a  more  recent 

1  ^'  J\    1      WiUis  creation  hits  the  Net.  Her  on-line 

.^k  1^^     community,  Willisville,  is  anticipated  to 

take    the    yawn    out    of    multimedia. 

WiUisville  has  already  caught  the  eye  of  Intel,  which 

may  or  may  not  be  bacldng  it. 


100.  Brewster  Kahle,  President, 
Internet  Archives 

The  Internet  of  today  may  be  chock-full  of 
useless  bits,  but  to  archeologists  of  the 
future  it  will  provide  a  wealth  of  infor- 
mation, thanlcs  to  Kahle,  another  Thinl<ing 
Machines  alum  and  an  early  developer  of  Internet  pub- 
hshing  technology.  It's  a  messy  job,  but  somebody's  got 
to  do  it.  ■ 

Tish  Williams  and  Kora  McNaughton  an;  assistant  editors  of  Upside, 

UPSIDE     DECEMBER     1996 


great  somte  oj  tminess  news. 

Gary  Welz 
Internet  World 

"A  good  place  to  see  whats  on  the  front  hwmer  at 
the  companies  and  industries  you  \vatdi.''  M 

Worth  magazine 

^  m   m 


Find  Out  Why. 

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(^  Quote  .COM 

Real-time  Information.  Real-time  Decisions. 


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Departure  by  Sears  Signals  Change  in  On-Line  Industry 

ContimedFtom  First  Business  Page 

I  research  xompa- 
Internet  and  on- 
"The  breakneck 
pace  of  innovation  will  lead  to  lower 
prices  and  more  variety." 

And  what  happens  if  your  on-line 
company  should  change  owners  or 
■  altogether?  "I  don't  think 

long-term  strategy  for  growth,"  Ar- 

chief  executive  of  the  world's  sec- 
ond-largest retailer,  lold  financial 
analysts  in  New  York  yesterday. 

Executives  from  both  Sears  and 
l.B.M.  praised-the  evolution  of  Prod- 
igy under  its  chief  executive.  Ed- 
ward Binnett.  a  former  cable  TV 

hired  last  year  by  Prodigy.  Mr.  Ben- 
nett made  Prodigy  the  first  of  the  big 
on-line  services  to  offpr  its  spbscrib- 

companies,"  Mr.  Schoenfeld 
"If  your  company  goes  out  of 

puter  commands  to  a  point-and-click 
navigational  system. 

Since  1993,  when  the  Internet's 
World  Wide  Web  service  suddenly 
became  popular,  analysts  have  been 
suggesting  that  the  wide-open,  global 
Web  would  overtake  and  overwhelm 
the  smaller,  proprietary  services 
like  CompuServe  and  Prodigy.  The 
consumer  services  differ  from  the 
Internet  in  that  they  require  special 
software,  unique  to  each  service,  to 
tap  into  that  service's  private  data 
bases  of  news,  features,  discussion 
groups  and  other  onTline  offerings, 
b,  though,  many 

Even  \ 

analysts  say  the  Internet  is  still  too 
difficult  to  use.  Services  like  Prod- 
igy, CompuServe  and  America  On- 
line hide  the  Internet's  complexity 

ware  and  back  it  with  c 

port  systems  that  the  Internet  lacks. 

"We  remain  convinced  that  the 
most  compelling  choice  for  the  mass 
market  consumer  is  still  on-hne 
services."  Brian  C.  Oakes,  an  ana- 
lyst with  J.  P.  Morgan  Securities 
Inc.,  wrote  to  itivestors  last  month. 

Sears's  decision  to  sell  Prodigy 
may  be  partly  to  capitahze  on  the 
potentially  high  value  that  an  on-line 

system  might  command  in  the  mar- 
ketplace today.  It  is  also,  however, 
the  culmination  of  a  three-year  pro- 
gram to  return  to  its  retailing  roots. 
Sears  has  ah-eady  spun. off  Allstate 
and  Dean  Witter  Discover  &  Compa- 
ny, its  former  insurance  and  finan- 
cial services  subsidiaries,  and  even 
sold  the  Sears  Tower  building  in 
Chicago.  Selling  Prodigy  is  the  last 
step  in  that  process. 

i  three-hour  meeting  with  i 

speaking  to  reporter: 

I,  Mr.  I 


Martinez  did 

not  make  a  single  reference  l„  ^.^^ 
tronic  commerce,  which  many  con- 
panies  believe  is  going  to  emerge  a 
a  multibillion-dollar  business  by  th 
end  of  the  decade.  Mr.  Martinez  sai 
that  he  had  concluded  that  Sear 
could  better  spend  its  capital  on  n 

were  to  become  involved  in  selling 
over  the  Internet,  it  would  be  better 
for  the  company  not  to  be  tied  to  a 
single  service  like  Prodigy. 

Sears,  like  H  &  R  Block,  may  also 
be  eager  to  unload  its  on-line  venture 
in  what  has  become  an  increasingly 
hostile  legal  environment.  Prodigy 
was  sued  for  $200  million  last  year 
by  a  Long  Island  investment  bank 
that  accused  it  of  libel,  based  on 
comments  posted  on  the  service  by  a 
subscriber.  The  suit  was  dropped. 

But  certainly,  the  on-line  lineup  is 
in  flux.  Since  the  beginning  of  this 
year.  Rupert  Murdoch's  News  Cor- 
poration has  effectively  shelved 
what  was  left  of  the  former  Delphi 
on-line  service;  AT&T  has  pulled  the 
plug  on  its  Interchange  Network;  the 
General  Electric  Company  has  un- 
loaded its  Genie  service;  Apple 
Computer  Inc.  said  it  was  re-evalu- 
ating its  support  for  eWorld,  and  the 
Microsoft  Corporation  told  develop- 
ers of  information  services  for  its 
Microsoft  Network  to  redirect  thelr_  ^ 

Falling  Behind 

Neither  CompuServe  nor 
Prodigy  has  been  able  tc 
match  America  Online's 
growth.  Percentage  inert 


efforts  and  create  offerings  for  the 
World  Wide  Web. 

Analysts  cite  a  variety  of  reasons 
for  the  tumult,  including  intense 
competition,  the  high  cost  of  develop- 

cess  providers  who  bypass  consum- 
er services  like  Prodigy  and  Amer- 
ica Online,  and  recent  passage  of  the 
Telecommunications  Act  of  1996. 

"It's  not  a  coincidence  that  these 
announcements  happened  right  af- 
ter the  passage  of  the  telecom  bill," 
said  Rod  Kuckro,  editor  of  the  Infor- 

port,  a  newsletter  based  in  Washing- 
ton. "It  gave  a  lot  of  companies  the 
ability  to  start  planning  for  the  fu- 

The  Telecommunications  Act,  re- 
cently signed  by  President  Clinton, 
allows  the  big  telephone  and  commu- 
nications companies  to  expand  be- 
yond their  traditional  businesses  and 
begin  developing  their  own  on-line 
information  services. 

"It's  cheaper  to  buy  a  system  with 
established  customers  than  it  is  ti 
build  one  from  scratch,  and  the  onh 
companies  that  can  afford  to  buy  J 
stake  in  these  on-line  services  am 
develop  their  infrastructure  are  thi 
big  telecom  companies,"  Mr.  Kuckn 

Mr.  Kuckro  also  noted  the  attrac 
live  demographic  profiles  of  on-lim 
service  subscribers,  who  tend  to  bi 

"Prodigy  does  not  fit  into  Sears's 



Sears  Moves 
To  Shed  Stake 
In  Prodigy 

The  On-Line  Business 
Is  Takit^  a  New  Shape 


And  now  it  is  Prodigy's  turn. 

In  the  latest  sign  of  upheaval  in  the 
computer  on-line  industry,  Prodigy  Serv- 
ices, the  nation's  third-largest  consumer 
on-line  information  service  was  put  up  for 
sale  yesterday  —  at  least  the  half  that  is 
owned  by  Sears,  Roebuc'k  &  Company. 
I.B.M.,  Sears's  longtime  partner  in  Prod- 
igy, declined  to  comment  on  its  own  plans 
for  the  service,  which  has  1.7  million  sub- 

Sears's  move  came  just  a  day  after 
H  &  R  Block  Inc.  announced  it  planned  to 
spin  off  its  CompuServe  division,  the  sec- 
ond-largest service. 

It  might  seem  odd  that  these  market 
leaders  would  want  to  leave  the  field,  in 
light  of  phenomenal  growth  that  saw  total 
on-line  subscribers  in  the  United  States 
nearly  double  last  year,  to  1 1 .3  million.  But 
wkh  the  market  booming,  analysts  say, 
now  may  be  the  best  time  to  sell  out  for 
companies  not  fully  committed  to  the  in- 
creasingly competitive  and  volatile  busi- 
ness of  putting  consumers  in  cyberspace. 

Sears,  which  analysts  say  had  pumped 
about  $600  million  into  Prodigy,  indicated 
yesterday  that  it  remained  a  retailer  first 
and  foremost,  and  H  &  R  Block  said  on 
Tuesday  that  it  wanted  to  focus  on  its  tax- 
return  business. 

America  Online  Inc.,  the  country's  larg- 
est on-line  service  with  more  than  five 
million  subscribers,  has  no  other  lines  of 
business.  But  even  it  has  been  forced  to 
scramble  full-time  to  keep  up  with  the 
needs  of  increasingly  sophisticated,  ever 
more  demanding  consumers.  Among  other 
changes,  America  Online  recently  set  up  a 
separate  company  to  provide  direct  con- 
nections to  the  global  Internet  for  sub- 
scribers who  choose  to  bypass  America 
Online's  own,  proprietary  lineup  of  infor- 
mation and  entertainment  services,  dis- 
cussion groups  and  other  offerings.  As 
hardly  a  week  goes  by  without  a  new 
alliance,  acquisition  or  rumor  of  yet  an- 
other change  in  the  on-line  industry,  ana- 
lysts acknowledge  that  the  millions  of 
Americans  with  computers  and  modems 
could  become  confused.  But  the  upheaval, 
driven  by  competition,  will  ultimately  be 
good  for  consumers,  many  analysts  say. 

"There's  an  ever-increasing  number  of 
options  for  consumers,  in  both  the  on-line 
services  and  the  Internet,"  said  Adam 
Schoenfeld,  vice  president  of  Jupiter  Com-